著者
藤田 紀昭
出版者
日本福祉大学スポーツ科学部
雑誌
日本福祉大学スポーツ科学論集 = The Journal of Sport Sciences, Nihon Fukushi University (ISSN:24338117)
巻号頁・発行日
no.2, pp.9-16, 2019-03-29

It is another two years until 2020 Tokyo Paralympics. In Japan, the exposure of sports for people with disabilities in the media is increasing. Children have Olympics and Paralympics education, and a variety of activities for the Paralympic games are being performed. The purpose of this study is to clarify the Japanese consciousness regarding the Paralympics at the present moment. The questionnaire survey on the Internet for civilians was conducted. The number of the respondents was 2,066 people. The contents of the question are about recognition of the words referring to the Paralympics, what they expect for the Paralympics, the way of seeing past Paralympics, and whether people buy tickets for the Paralympic games, and so on. This investigation was carried out in December, 2016. I carried out a similar investigation in 2014 and the findings are going to be compared with the past findings as needed. The results are as follows.1. People who watched the Paralympics through media has increased from 2008 to 2016.2. The people who are interested in buying a ticket and going to the 2020 Tokyo Paralympics is only 8.4%. Because many people who have experienced para-sports answered that they will buy a ticket, it is important to increase opportunity for Japanese to experience para-sports therefore increasing ticket sales and attendance to the Paralympics.3. Most people support that the Paralympic athletes should be grown and strengthen as same as the Olympic athletes.4. It is suggested that people do not have clear idea about whether The Paralympics should be held before the Olympics or not. An Intangible legacy created by the Paralympics can be clarified by carrying out similar investigations several times, up until and after the Paralympics.
著者
藤田 紀昭 安藤 佳代子 兒玉 友
出版者
日本福祉大学スポーツ科学部
雑誌
日本福祉大学スポーツ科学論集 = The Journal of Sport Sciences, Nihon Fukushi University (ISSN:24338117)
巻号頁・発行日
no.3, pp.11-20, 2020-03-31

The purpose of this study is t clarify the level of the recognition of the words related to the Paralympics and sports for persons with disabilities. Furthermore, after getting the Paralympic bid, how the recognition of these words has changed is clarified. Questionnaire surveys on the Internet for civilians were conducted in 2014, 2016 and 2018. The number of respondents in each survey was 2,066 people. The contents of the questions are about recognition of 11 words referring to the Paralympics; Olympics, Paralympics, Deaflympics, Special Olympics, Wheelchair Tennis, Wheelchair Basketball, Boccia, Para-Badminton, Classifier and Guide Runner. The purpose of the Paralympics and the Core Values of Paralympics are asked in the survey in 2018 only. In the survey of 2018, the rate of the people who answered "I know" are as follows; Olympics 97.6%, Paralympics 96.3%, Deaflympics 3.5%, Special Olympics 3.9%, Wheelchair Tennis 66.5%, Wheelchair Basketball 70.4%, Boccia 19.7%, Para-Badminton 17.2%, Classifier 0.6%, Guide Runner 15.0%, The purpose of Paralympics 5.7%, Core Values of Paralympics 3.8%. The recognition of the name of the Para-Sports are higher in relative elder people. People who has acquaintanceswith disabilities and people who live in Kanto district shows higher rate of recognition of these words. However, there are not significant differences of recognition of these words between male and female. In comparison with an investigation of 2014, Boccia had the biggest growth rate of the recognition of approximately10 times, the next largest increase was Para-Badminton with approximately 3 times.