- JAPAN ASSOCIATION OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
- 国際政治 (ISSN:04542215)
- no.145, pp.141-154,L15, 2006
This paper addresses the changing nature of power (or influence) in the study of Chinese politics and diplomacy, and seeks to clarify the extent to which theoretical approaches in academia can be useful for a fuller understanding of China.<br>The discussion has three parts. The first deals with the part of foreign policy, and argues that China's application of the "New Conception of Security" or "Peaceful Rise" has created more stable relationships not only with the United States but with neighboring countries. More specifically, in order to sustain economic development since the 1990's, the creation and the development of "soft power" has produced more benefits to China's interests.<br>The second part addresses China's domestic politics. Since the 1949 revolution, the Chinese Communist Party has maintained the "party state, " and even after the economic growth started in the early 1990's, the CCP, with its society so far pluralized, has sought to keep its power under control. The emergence of various societal groups, which leads to the application of "corporatism, " will be addressed.<br>The third part seeks to combine both arguments of foreign policy and domestic politics. It argues that, in the face of the rapidly changing politics and society within China that has also affected its foreign policy, various theoretical frameworks such as "second image" and "reversed second-image" could be useful. The Chinese government, trying to maintain its power not only over its society but also vis-à-vis other countries, has created more complicated means to maintain its authority and legitimacy.<br>The paper concludes by slightly touching on the brief history of Japan's study on Chinese studies. There, more positive methods and approaches toward the "real" Chinese politics and diplomacy should be examined.