著者
丹羽 登
出版者
一般社団法人 映像情報メディア学会
雑誌
テレビジョン (ISSN:18849644)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.4, pp.270-279, 1968-04-01 (Released:2011-03-14)
参考文献数
37

気象衛星や, レインジャー, サーベイヤー, ルナオービター, アポロなどの月探測器, 火星へ飛んだマリーナなどの宇宙観測用に使われているテレビジョン装置の例をまとめ, かつ宇宙用なるがゆえの問題点と開発の方向を示した.
著者
平山 淳 浜名 茂男 徳家 厚 今井 英樹 清水 一郎 守山 史生 吉田 安徳 佐下橋 市太郎 丹羽 登
出版者
宇宙航空研究開発機構
雑誌
宇宙科学研究所報告. 特集 (ISSN:02859920)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, pp.93-105, 1982-08

Direct photographs of the solar granulation near the limb were obtained with a 30cm balloon-borne telescope. The observed position on the solar disk was at cosθ=0.7,where θ is the angle between the observer and the normal to the solar surface and the wavelength used was 545nm with a pass band of 40nm. Total half-width (FWHM) of the autocorrelation function of the contrast of the granulation was found to be 780km and 660km in radial and tangential direction to the solar limb, respectively. Although the latter value agrees with the older determination at the disk center, the distance, 2000km, to the minimum value of the auto-correlation function was much larger than those obtained by Leighton at the disk center. Two dimensional power spectrum was obtained and after corrections due to noise spectrum and finite resolution of the optical system, the root-mean-square brightness fluctuation of the granulation was found to be 7.0-7.9%. It is to be noted that the modulation transfer function of the optical system was determined at the partial eclipse of July, 30,1981. Two dimensional power spectrum per unit frequency area (arcsec^2) was fonund to be proportional to exp (-1.9f) where f is the frequency (cycles/arcsec). Further the autocorrelation function as determined from the earlier balloon flight with the use of a 10cm telescope showed a positive maximum around 24∿45Mm, which roughly coincides with the size of the supergranulation.