著者
鳥越 信吾
出版者
慶應義塾大学大学院社会学研究科
雑誌
慶應義塾大学大学院社会学研究科紀要 : 社会学・心理学・教育学 : 人間と社会の探究 (ISSN:0912456X)
巻号頁・発行日
no.79, pp.83-97, 2015

論文In this study, I aim to historically reconstruct the sociology of time from the perspective of how its authors have grasped time conception peculiar to modern society. Thus, the following two findings can be deduced ; first, the history of sociology of time can be described as the history of "two-step relativization" against the modern conception of time. In short, until the 1960s, theorists such as Émile Durkheim attempted to relativize modern time conception by revealing other temporalities. Since the 1970s, theorists such as Anthony Giddens and Eviatar Zerubavel have attempted to elucidate the conception itself. Second, I clarify that authors of the sociology of time have described the following three characteristics of modern time conception—measurability, abstractness, and linearity. Simultaneously, however, in considering these characteristics, sociology of time has lacked a theoretical framework. On the basis of implications from Barbara Adam, Warner Bergmann, and Hartmut Rosa's works, I consider this absence as the primary problem of sociology of time. Consequently, I introduce Yusuke Maki's four-quadrant schema, which can explain modern time conception's three characteristics through a single theoretical framework as a solution to the aforementioned problem.
著者
鳥越 信吾
出版者
日仏社会学会
雑誌
日仏社会学会年報 (ISSN:13437313)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, pp.89-101, 2013

"Vertically accumulating time", which is formulated by the philosopher K. Noe, is a view of time which considers it not as elapsing to the past and fading out, but as accumulating at the present. And indeed, it underlies some of the trends in sociology in recent years. Some sociologists such as P. Bourdieu have presupposed the view, and have brought to light the close relationship between the past and the present that had not been grasped adequately until then. However, they have not sufficiently inquired into the future in this view of time. On the above-mentioned background, this paper considers how the future in "vertically accumulating time" can be described. For this purpose, we refer to the study of time by A. Schutz who is one of the originators of the view of time in sociology. Schutz has described the future on the basis of the typified knowledge consisting of the sedimentation of past experiences. So far as it is concerned, description of the future in Schutz overlaps E. Husserl's and Bourdieu's view of the future as "a mode of already-known". On the other hand, however, if we take account of Schutz's insight of "what it is unknown", and his concept of "novel experience", we can find in his theory not only "the future as a mode of already-known", but also "the future as not-known (nicht-wissen)". Through this study, some possibilities of further development of "vertically accumulating time" in sociology are suggested.
著者
鳥越 信吾
出版者
慶應義塾大学大学院社会学研究科
雑誌
慶應義塾大学大学院社会学研究科紀要 : 社会学・心理学・教育学 : 人間と社会の探究 (ISSN:0912456X)
巻号頁・発行日
no.84, pp.63-66, 2017

1 社会理論における時間の等閑視という問題。その原因としての時間の社会学の「独我論」化2 社会理論が時間を問うことの意義平成29年度博士課程学生研究支援プログラム研究成果報告