著者
Atsushi TAIRA
出版者
The Association of Japanese Geographers
雑誌
地理学評論 (ISSN:13479555)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.5, pp.279-291, 2008-05-31 (Released:2010-03-12)
参考文献数
113
被引用文献数
1 1

This article aims to explore the progress and the agenda of urban social geography in Japan. Urban geography in Japan has a long history, but studies of cities from social aspects have increased in earnest, rather recently. One factor is that Japanese geographers have been attracted mainly by changing patterns of the urban landscape and its economic functions. However, recent decades have seen a diversification of themes of research from gentrification, socio-political movements and social stratification, community restructuring with demographic changes, life-world of ethnic minorities to gender matters. The future agenda of urban social geography in Japan would be to deepen the research contents and to explore new frontiers along with theoretical advancement.
著者
Atsushi TAIRA
出版者
The Association of Japanese Geographers
雑誌
地理学評論 (ISSN:13479555)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.76, no.5, pp.291-311, 2003-04-01 (Released:2008-12-25)
参考文献数
13

This study aims to explain the transformation of the community with the decrease of the population in Kanda district in the ward of Chiyoda, located in central Tokyo. In this study, the spatial unit of community is designated as the territory of choukai, and its higher unit is designated as the district of public elementary school. The decrease of the population, which began in the 1950s, has resulted in the increase of unused classrooms called “akikyoushitsu” in the public elementary schools located in and near the central business district of Tokyo. As a solution for that problem, a policy of changing public elementary schools into community centers through opening those facilities to the public has been undertaken. Choukai, which is a basic voluntary social association of urban residents, is also forced to shrink its size mainly due to out-migration of the population. They have been mostly young generations who have moved out the district. This out-migration has led to aging of residents and board members of choukai. The festival for ujigami, or tutelary deity, has been the main event of choukai and it has played an important role to maintain friendship among the residents. However, it is becoming more difficult to keep up the number of people needed to hold the festival. With transformation of resident structure and associations, the landscape of the district is also changing mainly because of rebuilding and remodeling. Many cases of rebuilding from one-story shop-houses into multi-story commercial buildings on an individual basis have been observed in Kanda district. It is estimated that the local community, which has been based on choukai, would be changed into a part of a much broader association consisting of united-choukai and other voluntary associations, and that the public elementary school could become a base of activities of those organizations as a community center.
著者
Atsushi TAIRA
出版者
The Association of Japanese Geographers
雑誌
地理学評論 (ISSN:13479555)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.12, pp.730-749, 2002-10-01 (Released:2008-12-25)
参考文献数
50
被引用文献数
1 2

Spatial and sectoral patterns of Japanese-affiliated companies, in both the manufacturing and service sectors, in the Midwest and their strategies have been examined based on a database compiled by the author and field research. Japanese-affiliated companies in the Midwest are likely to be located in large cities, particularly in the Chicago and Detroit Metropolitan Areas, where a suburbanization of location is in progress. Although the service sector surpasses the manufacturing sector in the number of operations in Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, and Kansas, the manufacturing sector dominates the service sector in the number of employees throughout the Midwest. While the manufacturing sector is pursuing a localization strategy, the service sector is divided into two groups: companies which are adopting or shifting to a localization strategy and those which are maintaining a specialization strategy. For the latter group, the agglomeration of other Japanese-affiliated companies is crucial for their location.