著者
Shamima Akter Tohru Nakagawa Toru Honda Shuichiro Yamamoto Keisuke Kuwahara Hiroko Okazaki Huanhuan Hu Teppei Imai Akiko Nishihara Toshiaki Miyamoto Naoko Sasaki Takayuki Ogasawara Akihiko Uehara Makoto Yamamoto Taizo Murakami Makiko Shimizu Masafumi Eguchi Takeshi Kochi Ai Hori Satsue Nagahama Kentaro Tomita Maki Konishi Ikuko Kashino Akiko Nanri Isamu Kabe Tetsuya Mizoue Naoki Kunugita Seitaro Dohi for the Japan Epidemiology Collaboration on Occupational Health Study Group
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.82, no.12, pp.3005-3012, 2018-11-24 (Released:2018-11-24)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
18

Background: The effect of smoking on mortality in working-age adults remains unclear. Accordingly, we compared the effects of cigarette smoking and smoking cessation on total and cause-specific mortality in a Japanese working population. Methods and Results: This study included 79,114 Japanese workers aged 20–85 years who participated in the Japan Epidemiology Collaboration on Occupational Health Study. Deaths and causes of death were identified from death certificates, sick leave documents, family confirmation, and other sources. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated via Cox proportional hazards regression. During a maximum 6-year follow-up, there were 252 deaths in total. Multivariable-adjusted HRs (95% CIs) for total mortality, cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, and tobacco-related cancer mortality were 1.49 (1.10–2.01), 1.79 (0.99–3.24), and 1.80 (1.02–3.19), respectively, in current vs. never smokers. Among current smokers, the risks of total, tobacco-related cancer, and CVD mortality increased with increasing cigarette consumption (Ptrend<0.05 for all). Compared with never smokers, former smokers who quit <5 and ≥5 years before baseline had HRs (95% CIs) for total mortality of 1.80 (1.00–3.25) and 1.02 (0.57–1.82), respectively. Conclusions: In this cohort of workers, cigarette smoking was associated with increased risk of death from all and specific causes (including CVD and tobacco-related cancer), although these risks diminished 5 years after smoking cessation.
著者
Chihiro Nishiura Yosuke Inoue Ikuko Kashino Akiko Nanri Motoki Endo Masafumi Eguchi Takeshi Kochi Noritada Kato Makiko Shimizu Teppei Imai Akiko Nishihara Makoto Yamamoto Hiroko Okazaki Kentaro Tomita Toshiaki Miyamoto Shuichiro Yamamoto Tohru Nakagawa Toru Honda Takayuki Ogasawara Naoko Sasaki Ai Hori Isamu Kabe Tetsuya Mizoue Seitaro Dohi
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, no.9, pp.431-437, 2022-09-05 (Released:2022-09-05)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
1 1

Background: While it is essential to understand how long is sufficient for return-to-work when designing paid sick-leave systems, little attempt has been done to collect cause-specific information on when and how many of sickness absentees returned to work, became unemployed, or passed away.Methods: We studied the first sick-leave episode of ≥30 consecutive days in those ≤55 years of age during 2012–2013 among employees of 11 Japanese private companies (n = 1,209), which were followed until 2017. Overall and disease-specific cumulative incidences of return-to-work, resignations, and deaths were estimated using competing risk analysis.Results: During the 3.5-year period (follow-up rate: 99.9%), 1,014 returned to work, 167 became unemployed, and 27 died. Overall, return-to-work occurred within 1 year in 74.9% of all absentees and in 89.3% of those who successfully returned to work. Resignation occurred within 1 year in 8.7% of all absentees and in 62.9% of all subjects who resigned. According to ICD-10 chapters, the cumulative incidence of return-to-work ranged from 82.1% for mental disorders (F00–F99) to 95.3% for circulatory diseases (I00–I99). The cumulative incidence of return-to-work due to mental disorders ranged from 66.7% in schizophrenia (F20) to 95.8% in bipolar affective disorders (F31). Death was rarely observed except for cases of neoplasms (C00–D48), of which the cumulative incidence of death reached 14.2% by 1.5 years.Conclusion: Return-to-work and resignations occurred commonly within 1 year of sick leave among long-term sickness absentees in the Japanese private companies. Our findings may assist occupational physicians and employers in developing effective social protection schemes.
著者
Miyuki Hasegawa Shamima Akter Huanhuan Hu Ikuko Kashino Keisuke Kuwahara Hiroko Okazaki Naoko Sasaki Takayuki Ogasawara Masafumi Eguchi Takeshi Kochi Toshiaki Miyamoto Tohru Nakagawa Toru Honda Shuichiro Yamamoto Taizo Murakami Makiko Shimizu Akihiko Uehara Makoto Yamamoto Teppei Imai Akiko Nishihara Kentaro Tomita Satsue Nagahama Ai Hori Maki Konishi Isamu Kabe Tetsuya Mizoue Naoki Kunugita Seitaro Dohi the Japan Epidemiology Collaboration on Occupational Health Study Group
出版者
Japan Society for Occupational Health
雑誌
Journal of Occupational Health (ISSN:13419145)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.1, pp.e12095, 2020-01-20 (Released:2020-02-28)
参考文献数
42
被引用文献数
15

Objective: The present study aimed to estimate cumulative incidence of overweight and obesity and describe 5-year longitudinal changes in body mass index (BMI) in a large occupational cohort in Japan.Methods: Participants were 55 229 Japanese employees, who were aged 20-59 years and attended at all subsequent annual health check-ups between 2009 and 2014. Mixed model analysis was performed to examine the effects of age and cohort by gender on BMI change, with age as a random variable. Cumulative incidence of overweight (23.0≤ BMI <27.5 kg/m2) and obesity (BMI ≥27.5 kg/m2) was calculated. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate odds ratios for the incidence of overweight and obesity according to age group.Results: The incidence of overweight and obesity was approximately double in men (28.3% and 6.7%, respectively) compared to women (14.3% and 3.9%, respectively). The incidence of obesity decreased with age in men, but did not differ according to age in women (P for trend: .02 and .89, respectively). Among overweight participants, the incidence of obesity was higher in women (18.9%) than men (14.5%) and decreased with advancing age (P for trend: <.001 in men and .003 in women). Mean BMI was higher in men than women in all age groups throughout the period. Younger cohorts tended to have a higher BMI change compared with older cohorts.Conclusions: In this Japanese occupational cohort, transition from overweight to obesity is higher in women than men, and the more recent cohorts had a higher change in mean BMI than the older cohorts.
著者
Huanhuan Hu Tohru Nakagawa Toru Honda Shuichiro Yamamoto Akiko Nanri Maki Konishi Hiroko Okazaki Keisuke Kuwahara Ai Hori Chihiro Nishiura Ikuko Kashino Teppei Imai Akiko Nishihara Shamima Akter Toshiaki Miyamoto Naoko Sasaki Takayuki Ogasawara Akihiko Uehara Makoto Yamamoto Taizo Murakami Makiko Shimizu Masafumi Eguchi Takeshi Kochi Satsue Nagahama Kentaro Tomita Isamu Kabe Tetsuya Mizoue Tomofumi Sone Seitaro Dohi for the Japan Epidemiology Collaboration on Occupational Health Study Group
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.82, no.2, pp.430-436, 2018-01-25 (Released:2018-01-25)
参考文献数
22
被引用文献数
7

Background:We investigated the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) with duration of metabolic syndrome (MetS) for the past 4 years before the CVD event.Methods and Results:We performed a nested case-control study within the Japan Epidemiology Collaboration on Occupational Health Study. A total of 139 registered cases of CVD and 561 self-reported cases of CVD were identified and matched individually on age, sex, and worksite with 695 and 2,803 controls, respectively. MetS was defined by the Joint Interim Statement definition. The odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for registered CVD was 4.7 (2.9, 7.5) for people with persistent MetS (positive for MetS for ≥3 assessments) and 1.9 (1.1, 3.3) for those with intermittent MetS (positive for MetS for 1–2 assessments), compared with people without MetS during the past 4 years before the event/index date (P for trend <0.001). The corresponding odds ratio for self-reported CVD was 2.7 (2.2, 3.5) and 1.8 (1.4, 2.3) (P for trend <0.001). The association with MetS duration was stronger for myocardial infarction than for other CVD subtypes. Similar results were obtained when using the Japanese MetS criteria.Conclusions:The risk of CVD increases with increasing MetS duration. These findings contribute to risk stratification and encourage lifestyle modification for people with MetS to minimize their health risk.
著者
Miwa Yamaguchi Masafumi Eguchi Shamima Akter Takeshi Kochi Huanhuan Hu Ikuko Kashino Keisuke Kuwahara Isamu Kabe Tetsuya Mizoue
出版者
Japan Society for Occupational Health
雑誌
Journal of Occupational Health (ISSN:13419145)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2017-0298-OA, (Released:2018-09-27)
被引用文献数
3

Objective: To investigate associations of work-related stressors and their changes over time with the risk of developing metabolic syndrome (MetS) among Japanese manufacturing workers.Methods: Participants were 1,040 employees aged 19 to 68 years who were free from MetS at baseline and completed the three year-interval follow-up survey. MetS was defined according to the Joint Interim Statement. Work-related stressors (job strain, job demands, job control, and worksite social support) were assessed based on the Job Content Questionnaire and were split into two categories (low and high) by the median value at each survey. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to investigate the associations of baseline work-related stressors and their changes over time with the incidence of MetS.Results: Three years later, 61 workers developed MetS. Higher job demands at baseline were significantly associated with a lower risk of MetS (adjusted odds ratio 0.46, 95% confidential interval: 0.24, 0.89). In the analyses of the changes in stressors over time, those whose job demands changed from low to high showed significantly higher risk of MetS (adjusted odds ratio 3.27, 95% confidential interval: 1.46, 7.34), compared with those who reported low job demands in both surveys.Conclusions: Results suggest that an increase in job demands over time, but not higher job demands at baseline, is associated with increased risk of MetS.