著者
Shamima Akter Tohru Nakagawa Toru Honda Shuichiro Yamamoto Keisuke Kuwahara Hiroko Okazaki Huanhuan Hu Teppei Imai Akiko Nishihara Toshiaki Miyamoto Naoko Sasaki Takayuki Ogasawara Akihiko Uehara Makoto Yamamoto Taizo Murakami Makiko Shimizu Masafumi Eguchi Takeshi Kochi Ai Hori Satsue Nagahama Kentaro Tomita Maki Konishi Ikuko Kashino Akiko Nanri Isamu Kabe Tetsuya Mizoue Naoki Kunugita Seitaro Dohi for the Japan Epidemiology Collaboration on Occupational Health Study Group
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.82, no.12, pp.3005-3012, 2018-11-24 (Released:2018-11-24)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
18

Background: The effect of smoking on mortality in working-age adults remains unclear. Accordingly, we compared the effects of cigarette smoking and smoking cessation on total and cause-specific mortality in a Japanese working population. Methods and Results: This study included 79,114 Japanese workers aged 20–85 years who participated in the Japan Epidemiology Collaboration on Occupational Health Study. Deaths and causes of death were identified from death certificates, sick leave documents, family confirmation, and other sources. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated via Cox proportional hazards regression. During a maximum 6-year follow-up, there were 252 deaths in total. Multivariable-adjusted HRs (95% CIs) for total mortality, cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, and tobacco-related cancer mortality were 1.49 (1.10–2.01), 1.79 (0.99–3.24), and 1.80 (1.02–3.19), respectively, in current vs. never smokers. Among current smokers, the risks of total, tobacco-related cancer, and CVD mortality increased with increasing cigarette consumption (Ptrend<0.05 for all). Compared with never smokers, former smokers who quit <5 and ≥5 years before baseline had HRs (95% CIs) for total mortality of 1.80 (1.00–3.25) and 1.02 (0.57–1.82), respectively. Conclusions: In this cohort of workers, cigarette smoking was associated with increased risk of death from all and specific causes (including CVD and tobacco-related cancer), although these risks diminished 5 years after smoking cessation.
著者
Dong V. Hoang Shamima Akter Yosuke Inoue Keisuke Kuwahara Ami Fukunaga Zobida Islam Tohru Nakagawa Toru Honda Shuichiro Yamamoto Hiroko Okazaki Toshiaki Miyamoto Takayuki Ogasawara Naoko Sasaki Akihiko Uehara Makoto Yamamoto Takeshi Kochi Masafumi Eguchi Taiki Shirasaka Makiko Shimizu Satsue Nagahama Ai Hori Teppei Imai Akiko Nishihara Kentaro Tomita Chihiro Nishiura Maki Konishi Isamu Kabe Kenya Yamamoto Tetsuya Mizoue Seitaro Dohi
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.6, pp.311-320, 2023-06-05 (Released:2023-06-05)
参考文献数
45
被引用文献数
3

Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been associated with various chronic diseases that may lead to long-term sickness absence (LTSA), but there is lacking information on the direct association between MetS and LTSA. The present study aimed to investigate the all-cause and cause-specific associations between MetS and the risk of medically certified LTSA among Japanese workers.Methods: We recruited 67,403 workers (57,276 men and 10,127 women), aged 20–59 years from 13 companies in Japan during their health check-ups in 2011 (11 companies) and 2014 (2 companies), and we followed them for LTSA events (≥30 consecutive days) until March 31, 2020. MetS was defined according to the Joint Interim Statement. A Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and its 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for LTSA associated with MetS and its components.Results: During 408,324 person-years of follow-up, 2,915 workers experienced LTSA. The adjusted HR for all-cause LTSA was 1.54 (95% CI, 1.41–1.68) among those with MetS compared to those without MetS. In cause-specific analysis, HRs associated with MetS significantly increased for LTSA due to overall physical disorders (1.76); cardiovascular diseases (3.16); diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (2.01); cancers (1.24); obesity-related cancers (1.35); mental, behavioral, and neurodevelopmental disorders (1.28); reaction to severe stress and adjustment disorders (1.46); and external causes (1.46). The number of MetS components were also significantly associated with increased LTSA risk.Conclusion: MetS was associated with an increase in the risk of LTSA due to various diseases among Japanese workers.
著者
Ami Fukunaga Yosuke Inoue Tohru Nakagawa Toru Honda Shuichiro Yamamoto Hiroko Okazaki Makoto Yamamoto Toshiaki Miyamoto Takeshi Kochi Masafumi Eguchi Naoki Gommori Kenya Yamamoto Ai Hori Maki Konishi Nobumi Katayama Isamu Kabe Seitaro Dohi Tetsuya Mizoue
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20220245, (Released:2023-03-11)
参考文献数
23

Background: Diabetes and prediabetes have been linked with morbidity or mortality from cardiovascular disease, cancer, or other physical disorders among working-age populations, but less is known about outcomes directly related to labor loss (e.g., long-term sickness absence (LTSA) or pre-retirement death due to physical disorders).This prospective study aimed to examine the association of diabetes and prediabetes with the risk of a composite outcome of LTSA and pre-retirement death due to physical disorders. The present study also examined the associations of severe outcomes (LTSA or death) due to specific physical disorders or injuries/external causes in relation to diabetes and prediabetes.Methods: Data were derived from the Japan Epidemiology Collaboration on Occupational Health study. A total of 60,519 workers from 12 companies were followed for eight years. Diabetes and prediabetes were defined based on the American Diabetes Association criteria. A Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to examine the association between diabetes/prediabetes and severe outcomes due to physical disorders or injuries/external causes.Results: The adjusted hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) of severe outcomes due to all physical disorders were 1.22 (1.02–1.45) and 2.32 (2.04–2.64) for prediabetes and diabetes, respectively. In cause-specific analyses, an increased risk was observed for severe outcomes due to cancers, cardiovascular diseases, diseases of the musculoskeletal system, and injuries/external causes in relation to either or both diabetes and prediabetes.Conclusions: Diabetes and prediabetes were associated with an increased risk of severe outcomes due to physical disorders or injuries/external causes among Japanese workers.
著者
Chihiro Nishiura Yosuke Inoue Ikuko Kashino Akiko Nanri Motoki Endo Masafumi Eguchi Takeshi Kochi Noritada Kato Makiko Shimizu Teppei Imai Akiko Nishihara Makoto Yamamoto Hiroko Okazaki Kentaro Tomita Toshiaki Miyamoto Shuichiro Yamamoto Tohru Nakagawa Toru Honda Takayuki Ogasawara Naoko Sasaki Ai Hori Isamu Kabe Tetsuya Mizoue Seitaro Dohi
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, no.9, pp.431-437, 2022-09-05 (Released:2022-09-05)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
1 1

Background: While it is essential to understand how long is sufficient for return-to-work when designing paid sick-leave systems, little attempt has been done to collect cause-specific information on when and how many of sickness absentees returned to work, became unemployed, or passed away.Methods: We studied the first sick-leave episode of ≥30 consecutive days in those ≤55 years of age during 2012–2013 among employees of 11 Japanese private companies (n = 1,209), which were followed until 2017. Overall and disease-specific cumulative incidences of return-to-work, resignations, and deaths were estimated using competing risk analysis.Results: During the 3.5-year period (follow-up rate: 99.9%), 1,014 returned to work, 167 became unemployed, and 27 died. Overall, return-to-work occurred within 1 year in 74.9% of all absentees and in 89.3% of those who successfully returned to work. Resignation occurred within 1 year in 8.7% of all absentees and in 62.9% of all subjects who resigned. According to ICD-10 chapters, the cumulative incidence of return-to-work ranged from 82.1% for mental disorders (F00–F99) to 95.3% for circulatory diseases (I00–I99). The cumulative incidence of return-to-work due to mental disorders ranged from 66.7% in schizophrenia (F20) to 95.8% in bipolar affective disorders (F31). Death was rarely observed except for cases of neoplasms (C00–D48), of which the cumulative incidence of death reached 14.2% by 1.5 years.Conclusion: Return-to-work and resignations occurred commonly within 1 year of sick leave among long-term sickness absentees in the Japanese private companies. Our findings may assist occupational physicians and employers in developing effective social protection schemes.
著者
Miyuki Hasegawa Shamima Akter Huanhuan Hu Ikuko Kashino Keisuke Kuwahara Hiroko Okazaki Naoko Sasaki Takayuki Ogasawara Masafumi Eguchi Takeshi Kochi Toshiaki Miyamoto Tohru Nakagawa Toru Honda Shuichiro Yamamoto Taizo Murakami Makiko Shimizu Akihiko Uehara Makoto Yamamoto Teppei Imai Akiko Nishihara Kentaro Tomita Satsue Nagahama Ai Hori Maki Konishi Isamu Kabe Tetsuya Mizoue Naoki Kunugita Seitaro Dohi the Japan Epidemiology Collaboration on Occupational Health Study Group
出版者
Japan Society for Occupational Health
雑誌
Journal of Occupational Health (ISSN:13419145)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.1, pp.e12095, 2020-01-20 (Released:2020-02-28)
参考文献数
42
被引用文献数
15

Objective: The present study aimed to estimate cumulative incidence of overweight and obesity and describe 5-year longitudinal changes in body mass index (BMI) in a large occupational cohort in Japan.Methods: Participants were 55 229 Japanese employees, who were aged 20-59 years and attended at all subsequent annual health check-ups between 2009 and 2014. Mixed model analysis was performed to examine the effects of age and cohort by gender on BMI change, with age as a random variable. Cumulative incidence of overweight (23.0≤ BMI <27.5 kg/m2) and obesity (BMI ≥27.5 kg/m2) was calculated. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate odds ratios for the incidence of overweight and obesity according to age group.Results: The incidence of overweight and obesity was approximately double in men (28.3% and 6.7%, respectively) compared to women (14.3% and 3.9%, respectively). The incidence of obesity decreased with age in men, but did not differ according to age in women (P for trend: .02 and .89, respectively). Among overweight participants, the incidence of obesity was higher in women (18.9%) than men (14.5%) and decreased with advancing age (P for trend: <.001 in men and .003 in women). Mean BMI was higher in men than women in all age groups throughout the period. Younger cohorts tended to have a higher BMI change compared with older cohorts.Conclusions: In this Japanese occupational cohort, transition from overweight to obesity is higher in women than men, and the more recent cohorts had a higher change in mean BMI than the older cohorts.
著者
Yosuke Inoue Shuhei Nomura Chihiro Nishiura Ai Hori Kenya Yamamoto Tohru Nakagawa Toru Honda Shuichiro Yamamoto Masafumi Eguchi Takeshi Kochi Toshiaki Miyamoto Hiroko Okazaki Teppei Imai Akiko Nishihara Takayuki Ogasawara Naoko Sasaki Akihiko Uehara Makoto Yamamoto Makiko Shimizu Maki Konishi Isamu Kabe Tetsuya Mizoue Seitaro Dohi
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20190332, (Released:2020-07-25)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
4

Background: While much effort has focused on quantifying disease burden in occupational health, no study has simultaneously assessed disease burden in terms of mortality and morbidity. We aimed to propose a new comprehensive method of quantifying the disease burden in the workplace.Method: The data were obtained from the Japan Epidemiology Collaboration on Occupational Health (J-ECOH) Study, a large-scale prospective study of approximately 80,000 workers. We defined disease burden in the workplace as the number of working years lost among the working population during a 6-year period (April 2012 to March 2018). We calculated the disease burden according to consequences of health problems (i.e., mortality, sickness absence [SA], and ill-health retirement) and disease category. We also calculated the age-group- (20–39 and 40–59 years old) and sex-specific disease burden.Results: The largest contributors to disease burden in the workplace were mental and behavioural disorders (47.0 person-years lost per 10,000 person-years of working years, i.e., per myriad [proportion]), followed by neoplasms (10.8 per myriad) and diseases of the circulatory system (7.1 per myriad). While mental and behavioural disorders made a greater contribution to SA and ill-health retirement compared to mortality, the latter two disorders were the largest contributors to the disease burden in the workplace due to mortality. The number of working years lost was greater among younger vs. older female participants, whereas the opposite trend was observed in males.Conclusions: Our approach is in contrast to those in previous studies that focused exclusively on mortality or morbidity.
著者
Hikaru AONO Katsutoshi KONDO Taku NONOMURA Masayuki ANYOJI Akira OYAMA Kozo FUJII Makoto YAMAMOTO
出版者
THE JAPAN SOCIETY FOR AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES
雑誌
TRANSACTIONS OF THE JAPAN SOCIETY FOR AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES (ISSN:05493811)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.1, pp.8-17, 2020 (Released:2020-01-04)
参考文献数
63
被引用文献数
6

Aerodynamics of an owl-like wing model at low Reynolds numbers (Re = O(104–5)) are investigated using large-eddy simulations with high-resolution computational schemes. The airfoil shape of the owl-like wing model is constructed based on a cross-sectional geometry of the owl wing at 40% wingspan from the root. The chord-based Re ranges from 1.0 × 104 to 5.0 × 104 and the angle of attack (α) varies from 0 to 14 deg. The time-averaged lift (Cl) and drag coefficients computed are in reasonable agreement with the results of force measurement. The results computed clarify a nonlinear change in the Cl curve slope, which is due to an increase in the suction peaks in conjunction with the change in type of separation, the formation of a laminar separation bubble (LSB), and pressure recovery on the pressure side. The generation of the LSB on the suction and/or pressure sides at the Re of 2.3 × 104 and 4.6 × 104 are seen, while reattachments are observed only on the pressure side at the Re of 1.0 × 104 due to the camber of the wing. Furthermore, the owl-like wing model demonstrates favorable aerodynamic performance in terms of a maximum lift-to-drag ratio in comparison with several airfoils at the Re range considered. This is due to the strong suction peaks and distribution of surface pressure on the pressure side. It is emphasized that the concave lower surface enhances the time-averaged aerodynamic performance at all of the α even though the LSB is generated and fluctuation in lift history is induced at low α.
著者
Huanhuan Hu Tohru Nakagawa Toru Honda Shuichiro Yamamoto Akiko Nanri Maki Konishi Hiroko Okazaki Keisuke Kuwahara Ai Hori Chihiro Nishiura Ikuko Kashino Teppei Imai Akiko Nishihara Shamima Akter Toshiaki Miyamoto Naoko Sasaki Takayuki Ogasawara Akihiko Uehara Makoto Yamamoto Taizo Murakami Makiko Shimizu Masafumi Eguchi Takeshi Kochi Satsue Nagahama Kentaro Tomita Isamu Kabe Tetsuya Mizoue Tomofumi Sone Seitaro Dohi for the Japan Epidemiology Collaboration on Occupational Health Study Group
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.82, no.2, pp.430-436, 2018-01-25 (Released:2018-01-25)
参考文献数
22
被引用文献数
7

Background:We investigated the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) with duration of metabolic syndrome (MetS) for the past 4 years before the CVD event.Methods and Results:We performed a nested case-control study within the Japan Epidemiology Collaboration on Occupational Health Study. A total of 139 registered cases of CVD and 561 self-reported cases of CVD were identified and matched individually on age, sex, and worksite with 695 and 2,803 controls, respectively. MetS was defined by the Joint Interim Statement definition. The odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for registered CVD was 4.7 (2.9, 7.5) for people with persistent MetS (positive for MetS for ≥3 assessments) and 1.9 (1.1, 3.3) for those with intermittent MetS (positive for MetS for 1–2 assessments), compared with people without MetS during the past 4 years before the event/index date (P for trend <0.001). The corresponding odds ratio for self-reported CVD was 2.7 (2.2, 3.5) and 1.8 (1.4, 2.3) (P for trend <0.001). The association with MetS duration was stronger for myocardial infarction than for other CVD subtypes. Similar results were obtained when using the Japanese MetS criteria.Conclusions:The risk of CVD increases with increasing MetS duration. These findings contribute to risk stratification and encourage lifestyle modification for people with MetS to minimize their health risk.