著者
Misuzu Tanaka Akane Kanasaki Noriko Hayashi Tetsuo Iida Koji Murao
出版者
The Japanese Society of Toxicology
雑誌
Fundamental Toxicological Sciences (ISSN:2189115X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, no.1, pp.23-31, 2021 (Released:2021-04-22)
参考文献数
37

D-allulose is a non-caloric natural sugar with health benefits. A few clinical trials with continuous D-allulose intake have been reported; one indicated significant increase in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels, though the study was not a randomized controlled trial. D-allulose is predicted to be widely used in the near future by various people; therefore, the influence of D-allulose on those who have high risk for LDL-C elevation needs to be determined. Here, the effects of D-allulose on LDL-C levels in patients with hypercholesterolemia under statin therapy were investigated in a randomized controlled trial. Twenty subjects were randomly assigned to two groups: 15 g D-allulose/day or 15 g erythritol/day (placebo); each subject consumed a daily test substance for 48 weeks. Clinical examinations were performed every eight weeks, from initial consumption until week 52. No significant increase in LDL-C was observed, although significant decrease was observed in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in the D-allulose group. HDL-C values stayed within the standard ranges during the consumption period, and the mechanism was reported to be anti-atherosclerotic. In terms of risk assessment, D-allulose did not affect all risk factors that were measured for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Taken together, these results suggested that long-term D-allulose consumption did not affect LDL-C values and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk in patients with hypercholesterolemia under statin therapy.
著者
Hisashi Masugata Shoichi Senda Michio Inukai Takashi Himoto Koji Murao Naohisa Hosomi Yasuyoshi Iwado Takahisa Noma Masakazu Kohno Fuminori Goda
出版者
Tohoku University Medical Press
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.224, no.2, pp.137-142, 2011 (Released:2011-05-27)
参考文献数
17
被引用文献数
17 24

Seasonal variations in blood pressures should be kept in mind when controlling blood pressure in hypertensive patients. Seasonal variations in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) also may have a clinical significance. However, it is time-consuming to measure GFR directly. We therefore examined the seasonal variation in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) based on serum creatinine levels in hypertensive patients without CKD (eGFR ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73 m2) and those with chronic kidney disease (CKD) (eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2). This study included 47 hypertensive patients without CKD (69 ± 11 yrs) and 55 hypertensive patients with CKD (76 ± 8 yrs). The eGFR was determined from the equation: eGFR = 194 × age−0.287 × (serum creatinine)−1.094 (× 0.739 if female). Overall, both groups of hypertensive patients demonstrated similar seasonal variations in eGFR. Importantly, hypertensive patients without CKD and those with CKD showed the lower eGFR in summer (June-August) (71.8 ± 13.2 and 37.2 ± 13.0 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively) compared with the eGFR in spring (March-May) (77.9 ± 13.0 and 43.0 ± 14.0 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively) (p < 0.05). The decrease in eGFR from spring to summer was similar for both types of hypertensive patients (without CKD, −6.1 ± 7.0; with CKD, −5.8 ± 5.2 mL/min/1.73 m2). However, the percent change in eGFR from spring to summer was greater in hypertensive patients with CKD (−13.8 ± 9.4 %) than in those without CKD (−7.7 ± 8.3 %) (p = 0.001). In conclusion, careful observation regarding renal function is needed for hypertensive patients with CKD during summer.
著者
Hisashi Masugata Shoichi Senda Koji Murao Michio Inukai Takashi Himoto Naohisa Hosomi Hiroki Okada Fuminori Goda
出版者
一般社団法人 日本動脈硬化学会
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, no.8, pp.747-755, 2012 (Released:2012-08-27)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
1 4

Aims: Oxidative stress has been recently postulated to be an important factor in the pathogenesis and development of arteriosclerosis. Although urinary 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is clinically used as a marker of oxidative stress, its usefulness in diagnosing arteriosclerosis has not been fully examined. This study aimed to evaluate the association between urinary 8-OHdG and the cardioankle vascular index (CAVI) as a marker of arterial stiffness in hypertensive patients.Methods: We enrolled 100 hypertensive patients (70±10 years) who had been taking antihypertensive medications for at least one year. Urinary 8-OHdG levels were measured by an immunochromatographic assay (ICR-001; Selista Inc., Tokyo, Japan). CAVIs were measured at the same visit.Results: Urinary 8-OHdG was correlated with smoking habits (r=0.382, p<0.001) and CAVIs (r= 0.223, p= 0.026). Multiple linear regression analysis revealed two independent determinants of urinary 8-OHdG: smoking habits (β=0.501, p<0.001) and CAVI (β=0.325, p=0.001). In addition, CAVIs were correlated with age (r= 0.600, p<0.001), BMI (r=−0.348, p<0.001), systolic blood pressure (r= 0.343, p<0.001), pulse pressure (r= 0.358, p<0.001), serum creatinine level (r=0.408, p<0.001), urinary 8-OHdG level (r= 0.223, p= 0.026), and diabetes (r= 0.210, p=0.036). Multiple linear regression analysis revealed two independent determinants of CAVI: age (β= 0.568, p<0.001) and 8-OHdG (β=0.357, p<0.001).Conclusion: Elevated CAVI is independently associated with an elevated urinary 8-OHdG level in hypertensive patients.