著者
Minako Okukawa Takamasa Watanabe Maki Miura Hiroyuki Konno Shigekazu Yano Yoshimune Nonomura
出版者
Japan Oil Chemists' Society
雑誌
Journal of Oleo Science (ISSN:13458957)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.ess19074, (Released:2019-07-10)

1,2-Alkanediol exhibits antibacterial activity against several bacteria and yeast. However, few studies have reported antimicrobial tests on skin microbiome. Bacterial microbiome on the skin surface include Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), which causes rough skin and inflammation in atopic dermatitis and Staphylococcus epidermidis (S. epidermidis), which enhances innate immunity. In this study, the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) was evaluated for 1,2-alkanediol comprising 4–12 carbon atoms against S. aureus and S. epidermidis. 1,2-Alkanediol comprising 6–12 carbon atoms exhibited antimicrobial activity against both species of Staphylococcus. The antibacterial activity depended on the alkyl chain length. In addition, the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) on agar was evaluated for 1,2-alkanediol comprising 6–12 carbon atoms. 1,2-Octanediol and 1,2-decanediol exhibited significant bactericidal activity.
著者
Takamasa Watanabe Yoshiaki Yamamoto Maki Miura Hiroyuki Konno Shigekazu Yano Yoshimune Nonomura
出版者
Japan Oil Chemists' Society
雑誌
Journal of Oleo Science (ISSN:13458957)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.ess18220, (Released:2019-02-13)
被引用文献数
1

Bacterial flora on the skin surface contains Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Staphylococcus epidermidis (S. epidermidis) which causes rough skin and atopic dermatitis and enhances innate immunity, respectively. In this study, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was evaluated for six saturated fatty acids and two unsaturated fatty acids against S. aureus and S. epidermidis. The antimicrobial behavior in the liquid medium was categorized into three groups. The first was the selective antibacterial activity group comprising myristic acid (C14:0 fatty acid), palmitoleic acid (C16:1 fatty acid), and oleic acid (C18:1 fatty acid) and preferentially displayed antimicrobial activity for S. aureus (group 1). C16:1 fatty acid displayed high antimicrobial activity only for S. aureus. The second was the non-selective antibacterial activity group which displayed antibacterial activity for both Staphylococci (group 2). Caprylic acid (C8:0 fatty acid), capric acid (C10:0 fatty acid), and lauric acid (C12:0 fatty acid) comprised group 2. The third was the non-antibacterial activity group which did not show significant antimicrobial activity (group 3). Bactericidal activities were confirmed for C12:0 fatty acid and C16:1 fatty acid by evaluating the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) on the agar medium. C12:0 fatty acid displayed non-selective bactericidal behavior against S. aureus and S. epidermidis when the fatty acid concentration was above 250 μg mL–1. These findings suggest that C16:1 fatty acid has the potential to be used as a detergent in skin care and medical products because it can selectively kill only S. aureus.
著者
Maki Miura Yoshimune Nonomura
出版者
Japan Oil Chemists' Society
雑誌
Journal of Oleo Science (ISSN:13458957)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.ess19016, (Released:2019-06-10)

Hydrophobicity of ingredients is important for designing food, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics. Here, we evaluated the hydrophobicity of fatty acids and showed the effect of the alkyl length and the unsaturation degree using reversed-phase thin layer chromatography (RP-TLC). A linear relation was obtained between the methanol concentration in a mobile phase and the Rm value. The linear regression analysis was achieved and the hydrophobicity value Rmw was obtained using the robust regression (MM-estimator). The hydrophobicity of fatty acids depends on the structure of alkyl chain as follows: a longer alkyl chain in fatty acid increased the hydrophobicity. Additionally, the hydrophobicity increased as the number of unsaturated parts increased. Fatty acid with branched structures were less hydrophobic than that with straight chained structures.