著者
Hiroaki Satoh Tetsuya Ohira Masato Nagai Mitsuaki Hosoya Akira Sakai Tsuyoshi Watanabe Akira Ohtsuru Yukihiko Kawasaki Hitoshi Suzuki Atsushi Takahashi Gen Kobashi Kotaro Ozasa Seiji Yasumura Shunichi Yamashita Kenji Kamiya Masafumi Abe
出版者
一般社団法人 日本内科学会
雑誌
Internal Medicine (ISSN:09182918)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, no.18, pp.2563-2569, 2016-09-15 (Released:2016-09-15)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
12

Objective We conducted the present study to evaluate the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and CKD complications among evacuees and non-evacuees after the Great East Japan Earthquake and Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. Methods Twenty-seven thousand and eighty-eight subjects who were living near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in Fukushima Prefecture in Japan, aged ≥40 years by the Heath Care Insures, were included in the analyses. Metabolic factors were compared between the evacuees and non-evacuees stratified by the eGFR and proteinuria grades. Results The prevalence of CKD with a low eGFR (<60 mL/min/1.73 m2) and proteinuria were 21.59% and 1.85%, respectively. The risk of CKD complications was classified into four grades according to the eGFR and proteinuria grades. The prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia were significantly higher in the very high risk group than in the low risk group. The prevalence of diabetes and dyslipidemia were significantly higher in evacuees than in non-evacuees in only the low risk group. However, a multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that evacuation was not significantly associated with the risk of a low eGFR or proteinuria. Conclusion This study did not reach the definitive conclusion that evacuation elevated the risk of CKD complication, although evacuation might lead to increased CKD complications in the future. We believe that this information is important for follow-up and lifestyle change recommendations for evacuees.
著者
Shinichi Kuriyama Naoki Nakaya Kaori Ohmori-Matsuda Taichi Shimazu Nobutaka Kikuchi Masako Kakizaki Toshimasa Sone Fumi Sato Masato Nagai Yumi Sugawara Yasutake Tomata Munira Akhter Mizuka Higashiguchi Naru Fukuchi Hideko Takahashi Atsushi Hozawa Ichiro Tsuji
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, no.3, pp.253-258, 2010-05-05 (Released:2010-05-05)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
38 62

Background: Large-scale cohort studies conducted in Japan do not always include psychosocial factors as exposures. In addition, such studies sometimes fail to satisfactorily evaluate disability status as an outcome.Methods: This prospective cohort study comprised 49 603 (22 438 men and 27 165 women) community-dwelling adults aged 40 years or older who were included in the Residential Registry for Ohsaki City, Miyagi Prefecture, in northeastern Japan. The baseline survey, which included psychosocial factors, was conducted in December 2006. Follow-up of death, immigration, cause of death, cancer incidence, and long-term care insurance certification was started on 1 January 2007.Results: The response rate was 64.2%. In general, lifestyle-related conditions in the study population were similar to those of the general Japanese population; however, the proportion of male current smokers was higher in the cohort. The association between age and the proportion of those reporting psychological distress showed a clear U-shaped curve, with a nadir at age 60 to 69 years in both men and women, although more women were affected by such distress than men. The proportion of those who reported a lack of social support was highest among those aged 40 to 49 years. Most men and women surveyed did not participate in community activities. Among participants aged 65 years or older, 10.9% of participants were certified beneficiaries of the long-term care insurance system at baseline.Conclusions: The Ohsaki Cohort 2006 Study is a novel population-based prospective cohort study that focuses on psychosocial factors and long-term care insurance certification.
著者
Shigeatsu Hashimoto Masato Nagai Shingo Fukuma Tetsuya Ohira Mitsuaki Hosoya Seiji Yasumura Hiroaki Satoh Hitoshi Suzuki Akira Sakai Akira Ohtsuru Yukihiko Kawasaki Atsushi Takahashi Kotaro Ozasa Gen Kobashi Kenji Kamiya Shunichi Yamashita Shun-ichi Fukuhara Hitoshi Ohto Masafumi Abe the Fukushima Health Management Survey Group
出版者
一般社団法人 日本動脈硬化学会
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.35824, (Released:2016-09-13)
参考文献数
50
被引用文献数
43

Aim: After the Great East Japan Earthquake, over 160,000 residents near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant were forced to evacuate due to a nuclear accident. Health problems in these evacuees have since become major issues. We examined the association between evacuation and incidence of metabolic syndrome (METS) among residents in Fukushima.Methods: We conducted a cohort study among residents aged 40-74 years without METS at the time of the disaster in Fukushima. Among 20,269 residents who met the inclusion criteria before the disaster, 8,547 residents (3,697 men and 4,850 women; follow-up proportion: 42.2%) remained available for follow-up examinations after the disaster by the end of March 2013. The main outcome was incidence of METS, defined by guidelines from the Japanese committee, using data from the Comprehensive Health Check before and after the disaster. We divided participants by evacuation status and compared outcomes between groups. Using a logistic regression model, we estimated the odds ratio for incidence of METS, adjusting for potential confounders, age, gender, waist circumference, exercise habit, and alcohol consumption.Results: Incidence of METS was higher in evacuees (men 19.2%, women 6.6%) than in non-evacuees (men 11.0%, women 4.6%). Evacuees had higher body mass index, waist circumference, triglycerides, and fasting plasma glucose after the disaster than non-evacuees. We found a significant association between evacuation and incidence of METS (adjusted odds ratio 1.72, 95% confidence interval; 1.46-2.02).Conclusion: This is the first study to demonstrate that evacuation after a disaster is associated with increased incidence of METS.
著者
Hiroaki Satoh Tetsuya Ohira Masato Nagai Mitsuaki Hosoya Akira Sakai Tsuyoshi Watanabe Akira Ohtsuru Yukihiko Kawasaki Hitoshi Suzuki Atsushi Takahashi Gen Kobashi Kotaro Ozasa Seiji Yasumura Shunichi Yamashita Kenji Kamiya Masafumi Abe
出版者
一般社団法人 日本内科学会
雑誌
Internal Medicine (ISSN:09182918)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, no.15, pp.1967-1976, 2016-08-01 (Released:2016-08-01)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
2 30

Objective The Great East Japan Earthquake and the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster forced the evacuation of residents and led to many changes in the lifestyle of the evacuees. A comprehensive health check was implemented to support the prevention of lifestyle-related disease, and we analyzed changes in lipid metabolism before and after these disasters. Methods Subjects included Japanese men and women living near the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in Fukushima Prefecture. Annual health checkups, focusing on metabolic syndromes, were conducted for persons ≥40 years of age by the Heath Care Insures. Results A total of 27,486 subjects underwent a follow-up examination after the disaster, with a mean follow-up of 1.6 years. Following the disaster, the prevalence of hypo-high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterolemia increased significantly from 6.0% to 7.2%. In the hypo-HDL cholesterolemia group, the body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, and LDL-C level increased significantly in men after the disaster. On the other hand, in the normal HDL-C level group, the BMI, blood pressure, glucose and lipid metabolism, and liver function were adversely affected. The decrease in HDL-C was significantly greater in evacuees than non-evacuees in the normal HDL-C level group. Furthermore, a multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the evacuation was significantly associated with the incidence of hypo-HDL cholesterolemia. Conclusion This is the first study to evaluate how the evacuation affected the incidence of hypo-HDL cholesterolemia and led to an increase in cardiovascular disease. This information may be important in the follow-up and lifestyle change recommendations for evacuees.
著者
Katsuyuki Miura Masato Nagai Takayoshi Ohkubo
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-13-0847, (Released:2013-07-30)
参考文献数
26
被引用文献数
33 138

Analyses of data from national surveys of the Japanese population have shown a clear decreasing tendency in mean systolic blood pressure (BP) level over the past 50 years in all age groups of men and women; however, mean diastolic BP level clearly did not decrease in men. Hypertension prevalence is high among older people and may increase in the future, especially in men aged ≥50 years. The treatment and control rates of hypertension are not sufficiently high, although they have been continuously improving. Recent epidemiological studies also showed that the burden of cardiovascular diseases and total mortality because of the adverse BP level of the nation is still the highest among other preventable risk factors. To overcome this epidemic, the first priority should be primary prevention of a lifetime increase in BP through lifestyle improvement. Lowering the distribution of BP in the whole population and maintaining BP at optimal levels contributes to the achievement of this goal.