著者
Hiroaki Satoh Tetsuya Ohira Masato Nagai Mitsuaki Hosoya Akira Sakai Tsuyoshi Watanabe Akira Ohtsuru Yukihiko Kawasaki Hitoshi Suzuki Atsushi Takahashi Gen Kobashi Kotaro Ozasa Seiji Yasumura Shunichi Yamashita Kenji Kamiya Masafumi Abe
出版者
一般社団法人 日本内科学会
雑誌
Internal Medicine (ISSN:09182918)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, no.18, pp.2563-2569, 2016-09-15 (Released:2016-09-15)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
5

Objective We conducted the present study to evaluate the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and CKD complications among evacuees and non-evacuees after the Great East Japan Earthquake and Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. Methods Twenty-seven thousand and eighty-eight subjects who were living near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in Fukushima Prefecture in Japan, aged ≥40 years by the Heath Care Insures, were included in the analyses. Metabolic factors were compared between the evacuees and non-evacuees stratified by the eGFR and proteinuria grades. Results The prevalence of CKD with a low eGFR (<60 mL/min/1.73 m2) and proteinuria were 21.59% and 1.85%, respectively. The risk of CKD complications was classified into four grades according to the eGFR and proteinuria grades. The prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia were significantly higher in the very high risk group than in the low risk group. The prevalence of diabetes and dyslipidemia were significantly higher in evacuees than in non-evacuees in only the low risk group. However, a multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that evacuation was not significantly associated with the risk of a low eGFR or proteinuria. Conclusion This study did not reach the definitive conclusion that evacuation elevated the risk of CKD complication, although evacuation might lead to increased CKD complications in the future. We believe that this information is important for follow-up and lifestyle change recommendations for evacuees.
著者
Hiroaki Satoh Tetsuya Ohira Masato Nagai Mitsuaki Hosoya Akira Sakai Tsuyoshi Watanabe Akira Ohtsuru Yukihiko Kawasaki Hitoshi Suzuki Atsushi Takahashi Gen Kobashi Kotaro Ozasa Seiji Yasumura Shunichi Yamashita Kenji Kamiya Masafumi Abe
出版者
一般社団法人 日本内科学会
雑誌
Internal Medicine (ISSN:09182918)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, no.15, pp.1967-1976, 2016-08-01 (Released:2016-08-01)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
2 8

Objective The Great East Japan Earthquake and the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster forced the evacuation of residents and led to many changes in the lifestyle of the evacuees. A comprehensive health check was implemented to support the prevention of lifestyle-related disease, and we analyzed changes in lipid metabolism before and after these disasters. Methods Subjects included Japanese men and women living near the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in Fukushima Prefecture. Annual health checkups, focusing on metabolic syndromes, were conducted for persons ≥40 years of age by the Heath Care Insures. Results A total of 27,486 subjects underwent a follow-up examination after the disaster, with a mean follow-up of 1.6 years. Following the disaster, the prevalence of hypo-high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterolemia increased significantly from 6.0% to 7.2%. In the hypo-HDL cholesterolemia group, the body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, and LDL-C level increased significantly in men after the disaster. On the other hand, in the normal HDL-C level group, the BMI, blood pressure, glucose and lipid metabolism, and liver function were adversely affected. The decrease in HDL-C was significantly greater in evacuees than non-evacuees in the normal HDL-C level group. Furthermore, a multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the evacuation was significantly associated with the incidence of hypo-HDL cholesterolemia. Conclusion This is the first study to evaluate how the evacuation affected the incidence of hypo-HDL cholesterolemia and led to an increase in cardiovascular disease. This information may be important in the follow-up and lifestyle change recommendations for evacuees.
著者
Yoichiro Otaki Tetsu Watanabe Tsuneo Konta Masafumi Watanabe Shouichi Fujimoto Yuji Sato Koichi Asahi Kunihiro Yamagata Kazuhiko Tsuruya Ichiei Narita Masato Kasahara Yugo Shibagaki Kunitoshi Iseki Toshiki Moriyama Masahide Kondo Tsuyoshi Watanabe
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.82, no.11, pp.2776-2782, 2018-10-25 (Released:2018-10-25)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
1

Background: Aortic artery disease (AAD), such as aortic dissection or aortic aneurysm rupture, is fatal, with an extremely high mortality. Because of its low incidence, the risk for the development of AAD has not yet been elucidated. Hypertension (HT) is an established risk factor for cardiovascular disease, but there has been no prospective study on the effect of HT on AAD-related mortality. Methods and Results: We used a nationwide database of 276,197 subjects (aged 40–75 years) who participated in the annual “Specific Health Check and Guidance in Japan” from 2008 to 2010. There were 80 AAD-related deaths during the follow-up period of 1,049,549 person-years. On multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression, HT was an independent risk factor for AAD-related death in apparently healthy subjects. On receiver operating characteristics curve analysis for AAD-related death, abnormal systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) were 130 mmHg and 82 mmHg, respectively. The prediction capacity was significantly improved by the addition of SBP to confounding risk factors. Notably, further improvement of the C index was observed by addition of DBP to the model with SBP. Conclusions: This is the first report to prospectively show that HT is a risk factor for AAD-related death. Both SBP and DBP are of critical importance in the primary prevention of AAD-related death in apparently healthy subjects.
著者
Koji Hasegawa Kazuhisa Tsukamoto Motoei Kunimi Koichi Asahi Kunitoshi Iseki Toshiki Moriyama Kunihiro Yamagata Kazuhiko Tsuruya Shouichi Fujimoto Ichiei Narita Tsuneo Konta Masahide Kondo Kenjiro Kimura Yasuo Ohashi Tsuyoshi Watanabe
出版者
一般社団法人 日本動脈硬化学会
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.31906, (Released:2016-03-08)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
5

Aims: Several guidelines propose target levels (TLs) of atherosclerotic risk factors (ARFs) to reduce atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases; however, few data are available regarding the attainment statuses of TLs in Japan. In this study, utilizing the data obtained from the annual “Specific Health Check and Guidance in Japan” conducted from 2008 to 2011 (approximately 280,000 subjects each year), we determined TL attainments of ARFs in cardiovascular high-risk subjects.Methods: Those who had suffered from cerebrovascular disease (pCVD) or coronary heart disease (pCHD) or were receiving diabetes mellitus treatment (DM) were selected, and the rates of subjects that attained TLs of blood pressure (BP), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), triglycerides (TGs) and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) were analyzed.Results: Approximately 70% of pCVD or pCHD and 35% of subjects with DM attained TLs of BP. With regard to HbA1c, >90% of pCVD or pCHD and approximately 50% of subjects with DM attained TLs. With regard to LDL-C, <25% of pCHD females and approximately 35% of pCHD males and 50%–55% of subjects with pCVD or DM attained TLs. The TL-attainment rates of HDL-C and TGs were approximately 90% and 75%, respectively, for the three diseases. Analyses of time course changes in their attainment statuses revealed that the attainment rates of BP and LDL-C significantly improved in all the diseases.Conclusions: TL-attainment rates of BP and LDL-C were not as high as those for HDL-C, TGs, and HbA1c; however, they both showed highly significant improvements during the study period.