著者
Kenichi Otsuka Masayuki Tazawa Yoko Ibe Tomotaka Inoue Minori Kurosaki Kenji Shirakura Naoki Wada
出版者
北関東医学会
雑誌
北関東医学 (ISSN:13432826)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.1, pp.1-5, 2018-02-01 (Released:2018-04-05)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
3

Background: Vertebral compression fracture (VCF) is a major injury that occurs in elderly individuals. The aim of this study is to predict the functional outcomes of elderly female patients with acute VCF based on their nutritional status. Methods: A total of 69 female patients with acute VCF were included in the present study. The age, fracture location, body mass index, grasping power, the amount of the patient's daily nutritional intake, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score and nutritional status (determined from laboratory findings) were evaluated at the time of admission. After in-hospital rehabilitation, the patients were divided into two groups based on their motor Functional Independence Measure (mFIM) scores at the time of discharge. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify factors that predicted the outcome. Results: The patients were divided into the high mFIM (score≥79, n=36) and the low mFIM (score<79, n=33) groups. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the amount of the patient's nutritional intake and the MMSE score were associated with the outcome. Conclusions: he cognitive status and the amount of the patient's nutritional intake were associated with the prognosis of elderly women with acute VCF.
著者
Minori Kurosaki Masahiko Tosaka Yoko Ibe Hironori Arii Junichi Tomono Masayuki Tazawa Tatsuya Shimizu Masanori Aihara Yuhei Yoshimoto Naoki Wada
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.20220039, 2022 (Released:2022-08-04)
参考文献数
27

Objectives: Stroke patients with hemiplegia can sometimes achieve independent life at home or in light care facilities after rehabilitation. This study examined the outcomes of rehabilitation in stroke patients with severe hemiplegia.Methods: This study included 50 patients with Brunnstrom recovery stage I–II hemiplegia at the start of rehabilitation for stroke. Good outcome after rehabilitation was defined as independent life with functional independence measure (FIM) score of 100 or greater. Predictors for post-rehabilitation functional recovery were statistically analyzed.Results: FIM scores of 100 or greater in 12 of 50 patients (24%) allowed independent life after stroke rehabilitation. According to univariate analysis, factors associated with a FIM score of 100 or greater and good prognosis after rehabilitation were younger age (<70 years), paralysis caused by intracerebral hematoma (ICH), no cortical lesions, short time from admission to comprehensive inpatient rehabilitation (CIR) for stroke (within 1 month), and good status at the start of early rehabilitation and CIR. Eleven of the 12 patients with good prognosis (FIM ≥100) had ICH and a basal ganglia lesion with no cortical damage. Analysis of the location of lesions suggested that many patients with basal ganglia ICH lesions and little cortical involvement have good prognoses.Conclusions: Stroke patients with severe hemiplegia showed a slightly different distribution of lesions between ICH and cerebral ischemia. Cortical involvement may be a prognostic factor for outcome after rehabilitation in stroke patients with severe hemiplegia. More aggressive rehabilitation interventions may be important for patients with severe hemiplegia, especially without cortical involvement.
著者
Naoki Wada Mikio Shinya Michio Shiraishi
出版者
映像情報メディア学会
雑誌
ITE Transactions on Media Technology and Applications (ISSN:21867364)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.4, pp.328-332, 2013 (Released:2013-10-01)
参考文献数
3
被引用文献数
11

Interests in food safety have been growing and identification management has been recognized very important to improve qualities and safety of foods. This paper investigates pig face recognition to enable inexpensive marker-less pig identification management systems. Eigenspace methods are known to be effective to human face recognition, and we applied them to pig face recognition. From experimental results, we found that pig eyes are the most effective face part for recognition. We obtained 97.9% recognition rate for 16 categories with 16 samples/category training data, and some potential of the method was suggested.