著者
Moritake Iguchi Yuji Tezuka Hisashi Ogawa Yasuhiro Hamatani Daisuke Takagi Yoshimori An Takashi Unoki Mitsuru Ishii Nobutoyo Masunaga Masahiro Esato Hikari Tsuji Hiromichi Wada Koji Hasegawa Mitsuru Abe Gregory Y.H. Lip Masaharu Akao
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-17-1155, (Released:2018-03-09)
参考文献数
32

Background:Heart failure (HF) is a heterogeneous syndrome, but the effect of the type and severity of HF on the incidence of stroke or systemic embolism (SE) in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients is unclear.Methods and Results:The Fushimi AF Registry is a community-based prospective survey of AF patients in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto, Japan. Follow-up data were available for 3,749 patients. We defined pre-existing HF as having one of the following: prior hospitalization for HF, presence of HF symptoms (NYHA ≥2), or reduced ejection fraction (<40%). At baseline, 1,008 (26.9%) patients had pre-existing HF. On multivariate analysis, the incidence of stroke/SE was not associated with pre-existing HF (hazard ratio (HR), 1.24; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.92–1.64) or each criterion for the definition of pre-existing HF, but was associated with high B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) or N-terminal proBNP levels (above the median of the pre-existing HF group) at baseline (HR, 1.65; 95% CI, 1.06–2.53). Stroke/SE was markedly increased in the initial 30-day period following hospital admission for HF (HR, 12.0; 95% CI, 4.59–31.98).Conclusions:The effect of HF on the incidence of stroke/SE may depend on the stage or severity of HF in patients with AF. The incidence of stroke/SE was markedly increased in the 30 days after admission for HF, but compensated ‘stable’ HF did not appear to confer an independent risk.
著者
Hisashi Ogawa Yasuhiro Hamatani Kosuke Doi Yuji Tezuka Yoshimori An Mitsuru Ishii Moritake Iguchi Nobutoyo Masunaga Masahiro Esato Yeong-Hwa Chun Hikari Tsuji Hiromichi Wada Koji Hasegawa Mitsuru Abe Gregory YH Lip Masaharu Akao on behalf of the Fushimi AF Registry Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-17-0071, (Released:2017-05-25)
参考文献数
33

Background:Female sex is considered a risk factor for thromboembolism in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), and is included in the risk stratification scheme, CHA2DS2-VASc score. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the clinical outcomes of female Japanese AF patients.Methods and Results:The Fushimi AF Registry is a community-based prospective survey of the AF patients in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto. Follow-up data were available for 3,878 patients. Female AF patients (n=1,551, 40.0%) were older (77.0 vs. 71.4 years; P<0.001) than male patients (n=2,327, 60.0%). Female patients were more likely to have heart failure (31.1% vs. 23.7%; P<0.001). Previous stroke incidence (19.2% vs. 21.4%; P=0.083) was comparable between male and female patients. During the median follow-up period of 1,102 days, Cox regression analysis demonstrated that female sex was not independently associated with a risk of stroke or systemic embolism (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0.74; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.54–1.00, P=0.051). However, female sex showed an association with a lower risk of intracranial hemorrhage (adjusted HR 0.54; 95% CI: 0.30–0.95, P=0.032) and all-cause death (adjusted HR 0.56; 95% CI: 0.46–0.68, P<0.001).Conclusions:We demonstrated that female sex is not independently associated with an increased risk of thromboembolism, but is associated with a decreased risk of intracranial hemorrhage and all-cause death in Japanese AF patients enrolled in the Fushimi AF Registry.
著者
Nobutoyo Masunaga Mitsuru Abe Hisashi Ogawa Yuya Aono Syuhei Ikeda Kosuke Doi Yoshimori An Mitsuru Ishii Moritake Iguchi Masahiro Esato Hikari Tsuji Hiromichi Wada Koji Hasegawa Gregory Y.H. Lip Masaharu Akao on behalf of the Fushimi AF Registry Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.82, no.12, pp.2983-2991, 2018-11-24 (Released:2018-11-24)
参考文献数
28

Background: The combination of oral anticoagulant (OAC) and antiplatelet drug (APD) increases the bleeding risk in atrial fibrillation (AF). Non-vitamin K antagonist OAC (NOAC) have been increasingly used since 2011. We investigated current status, time trends and outcomes of AF patients using combination therapy in 2011–2017. Methods and Results: The Fushimi AF Registry is a community-based prospective survey of AF patients in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto, Japan. Of 2,378 patients with OAC at enrollment, 521 (22%) received combination therapy, while 1,857 (78%) received OAC alone. When compared with OAC alone, combination therapy patients had more comorbidities, but approximately 30% had no atherosclerotic disease. From 2011 to 2017, the prevalence of combination therapy decreased from 26% to 14%. The prevalence of NOAC increased in those on combination therapy. Off-label under-dosing of NOAC increased year by year, especially in combination therapy. During follow-up, the incidence of major bleeding (hazard ratio [HR], 1.42; 95% CI: 1.03–1.95) and stroke/systemic embolism (HR, 1.48; 95% CI: 1.09–2.00) was higher in the combination therapy than in the OAC alone group. Conclusions: In Japanese AF patients receiving OAC, the prevalence of combination therapy decreased, with the proportion of NOAC use increasing in 2011–2017. Many patients, however, received off-label NOAC under-dosing, especially in the combination therapy group. Patients with combination therapy had higher incidences of major bleeding as well as stroke/systemic embolism, compared with OAC monotherapy.
著者
Nobutoyo Masunaga Mitsuru Abe Hisashi Ogawa Yuya Aono Syuhei Ikeda Kosuke Doi Yoshimori An Mitsuru Ishii Moritake Iguchi Masahiro Esato Hikari Tsuji Hiromichi Wada Koji Hasegawa Gregory Y.H. Lip Masaharu Akao on behalf of the Fushimi AF Registry Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-18-0872, (Released:2018-10-31)
参考文献数
28

Background: The combination of oral anticoagulant (OAC) and antiplatelet drug (APD) increases the bleeding risk in atrial fibrillation (AF). Non-vitamin K antagonist OAC (NOAC) have been increasingly used since 2011. We investigated current status, time trends and outcomes of AF patients using combination therapy in 2011–2017. Methods and Results: The Fushimi AF Registry is a community-based prospective survey of AF patients in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto, Japan. Of 2,378 patients with OAC at enrollment, 521 (22%) received combination therapy, while 1,857 (78%) received OAC alone. When compared with OAC alone, combination therapy patients had more comorbidities, but approximately 30% had no atherosclerotic disease. From 2011 to 2017, the prevalence of combination therapy decreased from 26% to 14%. The prevalence of NOAC increased in those on combination therapy. Off-label under-dosing of NOAC increased year by year, especially in combination therapy. During follow-up, the incidence of major bleeding (hazard ratio [HR], 1.42; 95% CI: 1.03–1.95) and stroke/systemic embolism (HR, 1.48; 95% CI: 1.09–2.00) was higher in the combination therapy than in the OAC alone group. Conclusions: In Japanese AF patients receiving OAC, the prevalence of combination therapy decreased, with the proportion of NOAC use increasing in 2011–2017. Many patients, however, received off-label NOAC under-dosing, especially in the combination therapy group. Patients with combination therapy had higher incidences of major bleeding as well as stroke/systemic embolism, compared with OAC monotherapy.
著者
Hisashi Ogawa Yasuhiro Hamatani Kosuke Doi Yuji Tezuka Yoshimori An Mitsuru Ishii Moritake Iguchi Nobutoyo Masunaga Masahiro Esato Yeong-Hwa Chun Hikari Tsuji Hiromichi Wada Koji Hasegawa Mitsuru Abe Gregory YH Lip Masaharu Akao on behalf of the Fushimi AF Registry Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.10, pp.1403-1410, 2017-09-25 (Released:2017-09-25)
参考文献数
33

Background:Female sex is considered a risk factor for thromboembolism in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), and is included in the risk stratification scheme, CHA2DS2-VASc score. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the clinical outcomes of female Japanese AF patients.Methods and Results:The Fushimi AF Registry is a community-based prospective survey of the AF patients in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto. Follow-up data were available for 3,878 patients. Female AF patients (n=1,551, 40.0%) were older (77.0 vs. 71.4 years; P<0.001) than male patients (n=2,327, 60.0%). Female patients were more likely to have heart failure (31.1% vs. 23.7%; P<0.001). Previous stroke incidence (19.2% vs. 21.4%; P=0.083) was comparable between male and female patients. During the median follow-up period of 1,102 days, Cox regression analysis demonstrated that female sex was not independently associated with a risk of stroke or systemic embolism (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0.74; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.54–1.00, P=0.051). However, female sex showed an association with a lower risk of intracranial hemorrhage (adjusted HR 0.54; 95% CI: 0.30–0.95, P=0.032) and all-cause death (adjusted HR 0.56; 95% CI: 0.46–0.68, P<0.001).Conclusions:We demonstrated that female sex is not independently associated with an increased risk of thromboembolism, but is associated with a decreased risk of intracranial hemorrhage and all-cause death in Japanese AF patients enrolled in the Fushimi AF Registry.