著者
Yugo Yamashita Ryuji Uozumi Yasuhiro Hamatani Masahiro Esato Yeong-Hwa Chun Hikari Tsuji Hiromichi Wada Koji Hasegawa Hisashi Ogawa Mitsuru Abe Satoshi Morita Masaharu Akao
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-16-1337, (Released:2017-04-19)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
8

Background:The current status and outcomes of direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) use have not been widely evaluated in unselected patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) in the real world.Methods and Results:The Fushimi AF Registry is a community-based prospective survey of AF patients who visited the participating medical institutions (n=80) in Fushimi, Kyoto, Japan. Follow-up data with oral anticoagulant (OAC) status were available for 3,731 patients by the end of November 2015. We evaluated OAC status and clinical outcomes according to OAC status. The number (incidence rate) of stroke/systemic embolism (SE) and major bleeding events during the median follow-up of 3.0 years was 224 (2.3%/year) and 177 (1.8%/year), respectively. After the release of DOAC, the prevalence of DOAC use increased gradually and steadily, and that of warfarin, DOAC and no OAC was 37%, 26% and 36%, respectively in 2015. On Cox proportional hazards modeling incorporating change in OAC status as a time-dependent covariate for stroke/SE and major bleeding events, use of DOAC compared with warfarin was not associated with stroke/SE events (HR, 0.95; 95% CI: 0.59–1.51, P=0.82) or major bleeding events (HR, 0.82; 95% CI: 0.50–1.36, P=0.45).Conclusions:In real-world clinical practice, there were no significant differences in stroke/SE events or major bleeding events for DOAC compared with warfarin in patients with AF.
著者
Koji Hasegawa
出版者
Research Institute forMathematical Sciences
雑誌
Publications of the Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences (ISSN:00345318)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.5, pp.741-828, 1989 (Released:2009-01-22)
参考文献数
34
被引用文献数
18

We study tensor products of the spin modules (i.e. the Fermion Fock space representations) for classical (simple or affine) Kac-Moody Lie algebras. We find out that there are mutually commutant pairs of classical Kac-Moody algebras acting on the spin modules, and describe the irreducible decompositions in terms of Young diagrams. As applications, we obtain a simple explanation of Jimbo-Miwa's branching rule duality (i.e. isomorphisms between coset Virasoro modules) [JM], generalization thereof and the duality of the modular transformation rules of affine Lie algebra characters.
著者
Moritake Iguchi Yuji Tezuka Hisashi Ogawa Yasuhiro Hamatani Daisuke Takagi Yoshimori An Takashi Unoki Mitsuru Ishii Nobutoyo Masunaga Masahiro Esato Hikari Tsuji Hiromichi Wada Koji Hasegawa Mitsuru Abe Gregory Y.H. Lip Masaharu Akao
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-17-1155, (Released:2018-03-09)
参考文献数
32

Background:Heart failure (HF) is a heterogeneous syndrome, but the effect of the type and severity of HF on the incidence of stroke or systemic embolism (SE) in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients is unclear.Methods and Results:The Fushimi AF Registry is a community-based prospective survey of AF patients in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto, Japan. Follow-up data were available for 3,749 patients. We defined pre-existing HF as having one of the following: prior hospitalization for HF, presence of HF symptoms (NYHA ≥2), or reduced ejection fraction (<40%). At baseline, 1,008 (26.9%) patients had pre-existing HF. On multivariate analysis, the incidence of stroke/SE was not associated with pre-existing HF (hazard ratio (HR), 1.24; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.92–1.64) or each criterion for the definition of pre-existing HF, but was associated with high B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) or N-terminal proBNP levels (above the median of the pre-existing HF group) at baseline (HR, 1.65; 95% CI, 1.06–2.53). Stroke/SE was markedly increased in the initial 30-day period following hospital admission for HF (HR, 12.0; 95% CI, 4.59–31.98).Conclusions:The effect of HF on the incidence of stroke/SE may depend on the stage or severity of HF in patients with AF. The incidence of stroke/SE was markedly increased in the 30 days after admission for HF, but compensated ‘stable’ HF did not appear to confer an independent risk.
著者
Hisashi Ogawa Yasuhiro Hamatani Kosuke Doi Yuji Tezuka Yoshimori An Mitsuru Ishii Moritake Iguchi Nobutoyo Masunaga Masahiro Esato Yeong-Hwa Chun Hikari Tsuji Hiromichi Wada Koji Hasegawa Mitsuru Abe Gregory YH Lip Masaharu Akao on behalf of the Fushimi AF Registry Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-17-0071, (Released:2017-05-25)
参考文献数
33

Background:Female sex is considered a risk factor for thromboembolism in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), and is included in the risk stratification scheme, CHA2DS2-VASc score. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the clinical outcomes of female Japanese AF patients.Methods and Results:The Fushimi AF Registry is a community-based prospective survey of the AF patients in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto. Follow-up data were available for 3,878 patients. Female AF patients (n=1,551, 40.0%) were older (77.0 vs. 71.4 years; P<0.001) than male patients (n=2,327, 60.0%). Female patients were more likely to have heart failure (31.1% vs. 23.7%; P<0.001). Previous stroke incidence (19.2% vs. 21.4%; P=0.083) was comparable between male and female patients. During the median follow-up period of 1,102 days, Cox regression analysis demonstrated that female sex was not independently associated with a risk of stroke or systemic embolism (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0.74; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.54–1.00, P=0.051). However, female sex showed an association with a lower risk of intracranial hemorrhage (adjusted HR 0.54; 95% CI: 0.30–0.95, P=0.032) and all-cause death (adjusted HR 0.56; 95% CI: 0.46–0.68, P<0.001).Conclusions:We demonstrated that female sex is not independently associated with an increased risk of thromboembolism, but is associated with a decreased risk of intracranial hemorrhage and all-cause death in Japanese AF patients enrolled in the Fushimi AF Registry.
著者
Masashi Tanaka Shinya Masuda Yoshiyuki Matsuo Yousuke Sasaki Hajime Yamakage Kazuya Muranaka Hiromichi Wada Koji Hasegawa Tetsuya Tsukahara Akira Shimatsu Noriko Satoh-Asahara
出版者
一般社団法人 日本動脈硬化学会
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.32680, (Released:2016-03-18)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
1 3

Aim: This study aims to determine the association between glucose metabolism and proinflammatory/anti-inflammatory properties of circulating monocytes or those of carotid plaques in patients who underwent carotid endarterectomy.Methods: Clinical characteristics and expression levels of proinflammatory/anti-inflammatory markers in circulating monocytes/carotid plaques were examined in 12 patients with diabetes and 12patients without diabetes.Results: Circulating monocytes from patients with diabetes revealed higher tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and lower interleukin (IL)-10 expression levels compared with those from patients without diabetes, which was also observed in carotid plaques from patients with diabetes. Hyperglycemia revealed positive and negative correlations with the ratios of IL-6+ and IL-10+ cells in carotid plaques, respectively. Moreover, we determined a positive correlation between circulating monocytes and carotid plaques with respect to TNF-α and IL-6 expressions.Conclusions: The inflammatory property of circulating monocytes was associated with that of carotid plaques. Hyperglycemia increased inflammatory properties and decreased anti-inflammatory properties of carotid plaques.
著者
Hiroki Sasaki Yoichi Sunagawa Kenji Takahashi Atsushi Imaizumi Hiroyuki Fukuda Tadashi Hashimoto Hiromichi Wada Yasufumi Katanasaka Hideaki Kakeya Masatoshi Fujita Koji Hasegawa Tatsuya Morimoto
出版者
The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
雑誌
Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin (ISSN:09186158)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, no.5, pp.660-665, 2011-05-01 (Released:2011-05-01)
参考文献数
26
被引用文献数
68 123

Curcumin is a polyphenol that is commonly used for its perceived health benefits. However, the absorption efficacy of curcumin is too low to exhibit beneficial effects. We have successfully developed a highly absorptive curcumin dispersed with colloidal nano-particles, and named it THERACURMIN. The absorption efficacy of THERACURMIN was investigated and compared with that of curcumin powder. The area under the blood concentration–time curve (AUC) after the oral administration of THERACURMIN was found to be more than 40-fold higher than that of curcumin powder in rats. Then, healthy human volunteers were administered orally 30 mg of THERACURMIN or curcumin powder. The AUC of THERACURMIN was 27-fold higher than that of curcumin powder. In addition, THERACURMIN exhibited an inhibitory action against alcohol intoxication after drinking in humans, as evidenced by the reduced acetaldehyde concentration of the blood. These findings demonstrate that THERACURMIN shows a much higher bioavailability than currently available preparations. Thus, THERACURMIN may be useful to exert clinical benefits in humans at a lower dosage.
著者
Hisashi Ogawa Yasuhiro Hamatani Kosuke Doi Yuji Tezuka Yoshimori An Mitsuru Ishii Moritake Iguchi Nobutoyo Masunaga Masahiro Esato Yeong-Hwa Chun Hikari Tsuji Hiromichi Wada Koji Hasegawa Mitsuru Abe Gregory YH Lip Masaharu Akao on behalf of the Fushimi AF Registry Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.10, pp.1403-1410, 2017-09-25 (Released:2017-09-25)
参考文献数
33

Background:Female sex is considered a risk factor for thromboembolism in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), and is included in the risk stratification scheme, CHA2DS2-VASc score. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the clinical outcomes of female Japanese AF patients.Methods and Results:The Fushimi AF Registry is a community-based prospective survey of the AF patients in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto. Follow-up data were available for 3,878 patients. Female AF patients (n=1,551, 40.0%) were older (77.0 vs. 71.4 years; P<0.001) than male patients (n=2,327, 60.0%). Female patients were more likely to have heart failure (31.1% vs. 23.7%; P<0.001). Previous stroke incidence (19.2% vs. 21.4%; P=0.083) was comparable between male and female patients. During the median follow-up period of 1,102 days, Cox regression analysis demonstrated that female sex was not independently associated with a risk of stroke or systemic embolism (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0.74; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.54–1.00, P=0.051). However, female sex showed an association with a lower risk of intracranial hemorrhage (adjusted HR 0.54; 95% CI: 0.30–0.95, P=0.032) and all-cause death (adjusted HR 0.56; 95% CI: 0.46–0.68, P<0.001).Conclusions:We demonstrated that female sex is not independently associated with an increased risk of thromboembolism, but is associated with a decreased risk of intracranial hemorrhage and all-cause death in Japanese AF patients enrolled in the Fushimi AF Registry.
著者
Yasuhiro Hamatani Hisashi Ogawa Ryuji Uozumi Moritake Iguchi Yugo Yamashita Masahiro Esato Yeong-Hwa Chun Hikari Tsuji Hiromichi Wada Koji Hasegawa Mitsuru Abe Satoshi Morita Masaharu Akao
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-14-1245, (Released:2015-02-13)
参考文献数
33
被引用文献数
9 21

Background:Japanese patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are generally small and lean, but knowledge of the clinical characteristics of those with low body weight (LBW: ≤50 kg) is limited.Methods and Results:The Fushimi AF Registry is a community-based prospective survey of AF patients who visited the participating medical institutions in Fushmi-ku, Japan. The BW and follow-up data were available for 2,945 patients. We compared the background and the incidence of clinical events during a median follow-up of 746 days between a LBW and non-LBW group. Patients in the LBW group accounted for 26.8% (788 patients) of the total. The LBW group was more often female, older, and had higher CHADS2score. The incidence of stroke/systemic embolism (SE) during follow-up was higher in the LBW group (hazard ratio (HR): 2.19, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.57–3.04; P<0.01), whereas that of major bleeding was comparable (HR: 1.05, 95% CI: 0.64–1.68; P=0.84). This trend was consistently observed in the subgroups stratified by age, sex, and oral anticoagulant prescription at baseline. Multivariate analysis as well as propensity-score matching analysis further supported the significance of LBW as a risk of stroke/SE.Conclusions:Patients in the LBW group had high risk profiles and showed a higher incidence of stroke/SE, but the incidence of major bleeding was not particularly high.
著者
Ryo Ito Noriko Satoh-Asahara Hajime Yamakage Yousuke Sasaki Shinji Odori Shigeo Kono Hiromichi Wada Takayoshi Suganami Yoshihiro Ogawa Koji Hasegawa Akira Shimatsu
出版者
一般社団法人 日本動脈硬化学会
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.19976, (Released:2013-11-22)
参考文献数
56
被引用文献数
4 11

Aim: Previous epidemiological studies demonstrated that the ratio of n-6 to n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids is associated with cardiovascular diseases. We herein investigated whether the beneficial effect of highly purified eicosapentaenoic acid(EPA) on arterial stiffness is associated with changes in the ratio of polyunsaturated fatty acids, such as EPA, docosahexaenoic acid(DHA) and dihomo-γ-linolenic acid(DGLA), relative to arachidonic acid(AA), in obese Japanese patients with dyslipidemia. Methods: The EPA/AA, DHA/AA and DGLA/AA ratios were compared between obese patients with(n=94) and without (n=31) dyslipidemia. Among the former group, 88 patients received either highly purified EPA treatment(1.8g daily, n=45) or treatment without EPA(control, n=43). Results: At baseline, the ratios of DHA/AA and DGLA/AA were significantly(P<0.05) higher in obese patients with dyslipidemia than in those without, while the EPA/AA ratio was similar between patients with and without dyslipidemia. EPA significantly reduced the hemoglobin A1c, total cholesterol, triglycerides, CRP, cardio-ankle vascular index(CAVI)(an index of arterial stiffness) and the DGLA/AA ratio relative to the control at three months after the treatment. On the other hand, EPA significantly increased the adiponectin level and EPA/AA ratio(P<0.05). A multivariate regression analysis revealed that only age, an increase in the EPA/AA ratio and a decrease in the CRP level were significant determinants of a reduction of the CAVI by EPA. Conclusion: These findings suggest that EPA improves the arterial stiffness in association with an increase in the EPA/AA ratio and a decrease in inflammation in obese patients with dyslipidemia.
著者
Yugo Yamashita Ryuji Uozumi Yasuhiro Hamatani Masahiro Esato Yeong-Hwa Chun Hikari Tsuji Hiromichi Wada Koji Hasegawa Hisashi Ogawa Mitsuru Abe Satoshi Morita Masaharu Akao
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.9, pp.1278-1285, 2017-08-25 (Released:2017-08-25)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
8

Background:The current status and outcomes of direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) use have not been widely evaluated in unselected patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) in the real world.Methods and Results:The Fushimi AF Registry is a community-based prospective survey of AF patients who visited the participating medical institutions (n=80) in Fushimi, Kyoto, Japan. Follow-up data with oral anticoagulant (OAC) status were available for 3,731 patients by the end of November 2015. We evaluated OAC status and clinical outcomes according to OAC status. The number (incidence rate) of stroke/systemic embolism (SE) and major bleeding events during the median follow-up of 3.0 years was 224 (2.3%/year) and 177 (1.8%/year), respectively. After the release of DOAC, the prevalence of DOAC use increased gradually and steadily, and that of warfarin, DOAC and no OAC was 37%, 26% and 36%, respectively in 2015. On Cox proportional hazards modeling incorporating change in OAC status as a time-dependent covariate for stroke/SE and major bleeding events, use of DOAC compared with warfarin was not associated with stroke/SE events (HR, 0.95; 95% CI: 0.59–1.51, P=0.82) or major bleeding events (HR, 0.82; 95% CI: 0.50–1.36, P=0.45).Conclusions:In real-world clinical practice, there were no significant differences in stroke/SE events or major bleeding events for DOAC compared with warfarin in patients with AF.
著者
Koji Hasegawa Kazuhisa Tsukamoto Motoei Kunimi Koichi Asahi Kunitoshi Iseki Toshiki Moriyama Kunihiro Yamagata Kazuhiko Tsuruya Shouichi Fujimoto Ichiei Narita Tsuneo Konta Masahide Kondo Kenjiro Kimura Yasuo Ohashi Tsuyoshi Watanabe
出版者
一般社団法人 日本動脈硬化学会
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.31906, (Released:2016-03-08)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
4

Aims: Several guidelines propose target levels (TLs) of atherosclerotic risk factors (ARFs) to reduce atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases; however, few data are available regarding the attainment statuses of TLs in Japan. In this study, utilizing the data obtained from the annual “Specific Health Check and Guidance in Japan” conducted from 2008 to 2011 (approximately 280,000 subjects each year), we determined TL attainments of ARFs in cardiovascular high-risk subjects.Methods: Those who had suffered from cerebrovascular disease (pCVD) or coronary heart disease (pCHD) or were receiving diabetes mellitus treatment (DM) were selected, and the rates of subjects that attained TLs of blood pressure (BP), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), triglycerides (TGs) and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) were analyzed.Results: Approximately 70% of pCVD or pCHD and 35% of subjects with DM attained TLs of BP. With regard to HbA1c, >90% of pCVD or pCHD and approximately 50% of subjects with DM attained TLs. With regard to LDL-C, <25% of pCHD females and approximately 35% of pCHD males and 50%–55% of subjects with pCVD or DM attained TLs. The TL-attainment rates of HDL-C and TGs were approximately 90% and 75%, respectively, for the three diseases. Analyses of time course changes in their attainment statuses revealed that the attainment rates of BP and LDL-C significantly improved in all the diseases.Conclusions: TL-attainment rates of BP and LDL-C were not as high as those for HDL-C, TGs, and HbA1c; however, they both showed highly significant improvements during the study period.
著者
Ryo Ito Noriko Satoh-Asahara Hajime Yamakage Yousuke Sasaki Shinji Odori Shigeo Kono Hiromichi Wada Takayoshi Suganami Yoshihiro Ogawa Koji Hasegawa Akira Shimatsu
出版者
一般社団法人 日本動脈硬化学会
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.3, pp.248-260, 2014-03-27 (Released:2014-03-27)
参考文献数
56
被引用文献数
4 11

Aim: Previous epidemiological studies demonstrated that the ratio of n-6 to n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids is associated with cardiovascular diseases. We herein investigated whether the beneficial effect of highly purified eicosapentaenoic acid(EPA) on arterial stiffness is associated with changes in the ratio of polyunsaturated fatty acids, such as EPA, docosahexaenoic acid(DHA) and dihomo-γ-linolenic acid(DGLA), relative to arachidonic acid(AA), in obese Japanese patients with dyslipidemia. Methods: The EPA/AA, DHA/AA and DGLA/AA ratios were compared between obese patients with(n=94) and without (n=31) dyslipidemia. Among the former group, 88 patients received either highly purified EPA treatment(1.8g daily, n=45) or treatment without EPA(control, n=43). Results: At baseline, the ratios of DHA/AA and DGLA/AA were significantly(P<0.05) higher in obese patients with dyslipidemia than in those without, while the EPA/AA ratio was similar between patients with and without dyslipidemia. EPA significantly reduced the hemoglobin A1c, total cholesterol, triglycerides, CRP, cardio-ankle vascular index(CAVI)(an index of arterial stiffness) and the DGLA/AA ratio relative to the control at three months after the treatment. On the other hand, EPA significantly increased the adiponectin level and EPA/AA ratio(P<0.05). A multivariate regression analysis revealed that only age, an increase in the EPA/AA ratio and a decrease in the CRP level were significant determinants of a reduction of the CAVI by EPA. Conclusion: These findings suggest that EPA improves the arterial stiffness in association with an increase in the EPA/AA ratio and a decrease in inflammation in obese patients with dyslipidemia.
著者
Masaharu Akao Yeong-Hwa Chun Masahiro Esato Mitsuru Abe Hikari Tsuji Hiromichi Wada Koji Hasegawa on behalf of the Fushimi AF Registry Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-14-0344, (Released:2014-06-27)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
34 65

Background:Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmic disorder among the elderly, and increases the risk of stroke. Oral anticoagulants (OAC) are highly effective in preventing stroke, and there are evidence-based guidelines for the optimal use of OAC in patients with AF.Methods and Results:The Fushimi AF Registry is a community-based prospective survey of the AF patients in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto, a typical urban community in Japan with a total population of 283,000. Of the 3,282 patients enrolled by October 2012, 1-year follow-up was completed for 2,914 patients. OAC, mainly warfarin, were given to 1,546 patients (53.1%); overused for low-risk patients, and underused for patients at risk, based on the guidelines. Moreover, warfarin was sometimes given at a sub-therapeutic dose; only 54.4% of patients were within the optimal therapeutic range. The 1-year outcomes revealed that the incidences of both stroke and major bleeding were equivalent between patients taking OAC and those without; major clinical events were as follows: (OAC vs. non-OAC) stroke 2.7% vs. 2.8%, ischemic stroke 2.1% vs. 2.0% and major bleeding 1.4% vs. 1.5% (NS for all).Conclusions:The Fushimi AF Registry provides a unique snapshot of current AF management in an urban community in Japan. The present study reveals inappropriate use of OAC for patients with AF, indicating discordance between guideline recommendations and real-world clinical practice.