著者
Wakaba Fukushima Megumi Hara Yuri Kitamura Masahiko Shibata Yoshikazu Ugawa Koichi Hirata Akira Oka Shinya Miyamoto Susumu Kusunoki Satoshi Kuwabara Shuji Hashimoto Tomotaka Sobue
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, no.1, pp.34-43, 2022-01-05 (Released:2022-01-05)
参考文献数
50
被引用文献数
8

Background: Since June 2013, Japan has suspended proactive recommendation of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination due to self-reported diverse symptoms, including pain and motor dysfunction, as possible serious adverse events following immunization. Although these symptoms may be seen in adolescents without HPV vaccination, their frequency, taking into account disease severity, has not been examined.Methods: A two-stage, descriptive, nationwide epidemiological survey was conducted in 2016, with a 6-month target period from July 1 to December 31, 2015, to estimate the prevalence and incidence of diverse symptoms among Japanese adolescents without HPV vaccination. Participants were 11,037 medical departments in hospitals selected nationwide by stratified random sampling. Eligible patients had to satisfy four criteria: (1) aged 12–18 years upon visiting hospital; (2) having at least one of four symptoms/disorders (pain or sensory dysfunction, motor dysfunction, autonomic dysfunction, or cognitive impairment); (3) symptoms/disorders persisting for at least 3 months; and (4) both criteria (2) and (3) influence attendance at school or work. We then extracted data of patients with diverse symptoms similar to those after HPV vaccination while considering opinions of doctors in charge.Results: Estimated 6-month period prevalence of diverse symptoms among girls aged 12–18 years without HPV vaccination was 20.2 per 100,000. Annual incidence was estimated to be 7.3 per 100,000.Conclusion: Adolescent Japanese girls without HPV vaccination also visited hospitals with diverse symptoms similar to those following HPV vaccination. Our findings predict the medical demands for coincident diverse symptoms, which are temporally associated with but not caused by HPV vaccination of Japanese adolescents.
著者
Hiroya Yamada Miyuki Kawado Norihiro Aoyama Shuji Hashimoto Koji Suzuki Kenji Wakai Sadao Suzuki Yoshiyuki Watanabe Akiko Tamakoshi
出版者
日本疫学会
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20130168, (Released:2014-05-24)
参考文献数
35
被引用文献数
8 30

Background: Epidemiologic studies have reported coffee consumption to be associated with various health conditions. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of coffee consumption with colorectal cancer incidence in a large-scale prospective cohort study in Japan.Methods: We used data from the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study for Evaluation of Cancer Risk (JACC Study). Here, we analyzed a total of 58 221 persons (23 607 men, 34 614 women) followed from 1988 to the end of 2009. During 738 669 person-years of follow-up for the analysis of colorectal cancer risk with coffee consumption at baseline, we identified 687 cases of colon cancer (355 males and 332 females) and 314 cases of rectal cancer (202 males and 112 females). We used the Cox proportional-hazard regression model to estimate hazard ratio (HR).Results: Compared to those who consumed less than 1 cup of coffee per day, men who consumed 2–3 cups of coffee per day had an HR of 1.26 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.93–1.70), and men who consumed more than 4 cups of coffee per day had an HR of 1.79 (95% CI 1.01–3.18). A statistically significant increase in the risk of colon cancer was associated with increasing coffee consumption among men (P for trend = 0.03). On the other hand, coffee consumption in women was not associated with incident risk of colon cancer. Coffee consumption was also not associated with rectal cancer incidence in men or women.Conclusions: This large-scale population-based cohort study showed that coffee consumption increases the risk of colon cancer among Japanese men.
著者
Kohta Suzuki Zentaro Yamagata Miyuki Kawado Shuji Hashimoto
出版者
日本疫学会
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, no.2, pp.76-83, 2016-02-05 (Released:2016-02-05)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
2 28

Background: The effect of natural disasters on secondary sex ratio (SSR) and perinatal outcomes has been suggested. This study aimed to examine effects of the Great East Japan Earthquake on perinatal outcomes using vital statistics of Japan.Methods: Birth registration data from vital statistics of Japan between March 2010 and March 2012 were used. Pregnant women who experienced the earthquake were categorized according to their gestational period as of March 11, 2011, as follows: gestational weeks 4–11, 12–19, 20–27, and 28–36 (2011 group). Similarly, pregnant women who did not experience the earthquake were categorized according to their gestational period as of March 11, 2010 and used as controls (2010 group). We also categorized prefectures as “extremely affected”, “moderately affected”, and “slightly or unaffected” regions. SSR, birth weight, and gestational period were compared between both groups.Results: The number of singleton births was 688 479 in the 2010 group and 679 131 in the 2011 group. In the extremely affected region, the SSR among women at 4–11 weeks of gestation was significantly lower in the 2011 group compared with the 2010 group (49.8% vs 52.1%, P = 0.009). In the extremely affected region, children born to women who experienced the earthquake at 28–36 weeks of gestation had significantly lower birth weights.Conclusions: The SSR declined among women who experienced the earthquake during early pregnancy, particularly in the extremely affected region. However, no apparent negative effect of the earthquake on perinatal outcomes was observed, although birth weight of infants who were born to women who experienced the earthquake at 28–36 weeks of gestation were lower.
著者
Ryosuke Fujii Hiroya Yamada Eiji Munetsuna Mirai Yamazaki Koji Ohashi Hiroaki Ishikawa Keisuke Maeda Chiharu Hagiwara Yoshitaka Ando Shuji Hashimoto Nobuyuki Hamajima Koji Suzuki
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.4, pp.177-182, 2020-04-05 (Released:2020-04-05)
参考文献数
63
被引用文献数
11

Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play crucial roles in the development of various diseases, including chronic kidney disease (CKD). Although previous studies in clinically severe patients have investigated associations between CKD and miRNAs, with particular attention on renal fibrosis, relationships in a general population have yet to be established. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between expression level of circulating miRNAs and CKD in a middle-aged Japanese population.Methods: A final total of 513 individuals (216 men and 297 women) who participated in the health check-up program in 2012 were included in our analysis. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to determine expression levels of 22 miRNAs. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated based on serum creatinine level, sex, and age. Participants with eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 were defined as having CKD.Results: Three different miRNAs (miR-17, miR-21, and miR-150) showed significant correlations with eGFR after Bonferroni correction and were selected for further analyses. Expression levels of miR-17, miR-21, and miR-150 miRNAs were positively associated with eGFR after adjusting for potential confounders (P = 0.004, 0.002, and 0.004, respectively). Logistic regression analyses showed significantly lower odds ratios for CKD (eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2) in the highest tertile of all three miRNAs (miR-17, miR-21, and miR-150) compared with the lowest tertile (P = 0.003, 0.01, and 0.02, respectively).Conclusions: We found that three circulating miRNAs were significantly associated with CKD in a general Japanese population, which suggested that these miRNAs may be biomarkers for CKD among general adults.
著者
Rumi SEKO Miyuki KAWADO Sayana SAITO Takuma SHIBUYA Miho MIYAMOTO Hiroya YAMADA Hiroshige TANIWAKI Shuji HASHIMOTO
出版者
National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health
雑誌
Industrial Health (ISSN:00198366)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2018-0112, (Released:2018-12-08)
被引用文献数
8

Taking action in response to health examination results is important to stay healthy. We aimed to investigate the associations between occupation, employment type and company size, and having a health examination and taking action in response to the results among Japanese employees. We focused on three particular actions by employees in response to health examination results: paying attention to one's health, receiving health guidance, and visiting a medical institution. We used anonymous data from the 2010 Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions of Japan, a self-administered nationwide questionnaire survey. The data of 23,963 employees (12,938 male and 11,025 female) aged 20–64 years were analyzed using logistic regression models adjusted by covariates. There were significant changes in odds ratios for receiving a health examination by occupation, employment type and company size. We found significant odds ratios for receiving health guidance by occupation and company size, but there was almost no significant association with paying attention to one’s health and visiting a medical institution. These results confirmed that receiving a health examination was associated with occupational factors, and suggested that receiving health guidance after health examination results was associated with occupation and company size.
著者
Akiko Tamakoshi Miyuki Kawado Kotaro Ozasa Koji Tamakoshi Yingsong Lin Kiyoko Yagyu Shogo Kikuchi Shuji Hashimoto
出版者
日本疫学会
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, no.5, pp.370-376, 2010-09-05 (Released:2010-09-16)
参考文献数
36
被引用文献数
8 24 10

Background: A number of lifestyle factors, including smoking and drinking, are known to be independently associated with all-cause mortality. However, it might be more effective in motivating the public to adopt a healthier lifestyle if the combined effect of several lifestyle factors on all-cause mortality could be demonstrated in a straightforward manner.Methods: We examined the combined effects of 6 healthy lifestyle behaviors on all-cause mortality by estimating life expectancies at 40 and 60 years of age among 62 106 participants in a prospective cohort study with a 14.5-year follow-up. The healthy behaviors selected were current nonsmoking, not heavily drinking, walking 1 hour or more per day, sleeping 6.5 to 7.4 hours per day, eating green leafy vegetables almost daily, and having a BMI between 18.5 to 24.9.Results: At age 40, we found a 10.3-year increase in life expectancy for men and a 8.3-year increase for women who had all 6 healthy behaviors, as compared with those who had only 0 to 2 healthy behaviors. Increases of 9.6 and 8.2 years were observed for men and women, respectively, at age 60 with all 6 healthy behaviors. When comparing currently nonsmoking individuals with 0 to 1 healthy behaviors, the life expectancy of smokers was shorter in both men and women, even if they maintained all 5 other healthy behaviors.Conclusions: Among individuals aged 40 and 60 years, maintaining all 6 healthy lifestyle factors was associated with longer life expectancy. Smokers should be encouraged to quit smoking first and then to maintain or adopt the other 5 lifestyle factors.