著者
Kentaro CHIBA Yasuo AIHARA Yuichi ODA Kenta MASUI Takashi KOMORI Hideaki YOKOO Takakazu KAWAMATA
出版者
The Japan Neurosurgical Society
雑誌
NMC Case Report Journal (ISSN:21884226)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, pp.265-271, 2023-12-31 (Released:2023-10-14)
参考文献数
32

Extracranial brain tumor metastases are extremely rare. The etiology, pathophysiology, and clinical progression of systemic metastatic brain cancer remain to be elucidated. We encountered a case of pediatric diffuse high-grade astrocytoma in a four-year-old girl with subcutaneous and lymph node metastases. Numerous metastatic lesions emerged, progressed rapidly, and were difficult to manage despite temozolomide (TMZ) administration. The patient underwent repeated surgical resection for these lesions. Conversely, the primary intracranial lesions responded well to TMZ for some time. However, the patient died 15 months after the initial diagnosis. Extracranial metastasis and highly varying effects of chemotherapy were the characteristic clinical features in this case. Our analysis did not reveal definitive histopathological and molecular factors contributing to this presentation. The lack of notable molecular pathological features illustrates the unpredictability of glioma metastasis, and the treatment for extracranial metastasis remains unknown. A gene panel analysis revealed several genetic aberrations, including PDGFRA, PIK3CA, and NBN mutations. As it is impossible to resect all frequently and rapidly progressing lesions, we stress that the prognosis of metastatic brain tumors is undoubtedly poor if these tumors are refractory to existing treatments, including chemotherapy.
著者
Isamu MIURA Shiro HORISAWA Takakazu KAWAMATA Takaomi TAIRA
出版者
The Japan Neurosurgical Society
雑誌
NMC Case Report Journal (ISSN:21884226)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, pp.99-102, 2023-12-31 (Released:2023-04-10)
参考文献数
16

Cervical dystonia, characterized by the involuntary contraction of cervical muscles, is the most common form of adult dystonia. In a patient with intractable cervical dystonia, we carried out a myotomy of the left obliquus capitis inferior and selective peripheral denervation (SPD) of the posterior branches of the C3-C6 spinal nerves based on preoperative 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT). The patient was a 65-year-old, right-handed man with an unremarkable medical history. His head rotated involuntarily to the left. Medication and botulinum toxin injections were ineffective, and surgical treatment was considered. 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging revealed FDG uptake in the left obliquus capitis inferior, right sternocleidomastoideus, and left splenius capitis. Myotomy of the left obliquus capitis inferior and SPD of the posterior branches of the C3-C6 spinal nerves was performed under general anesthesia. During the 6-month follow-up, the patient's Toronto Western Spasmodic Torticollis Rating Scale score improved from 35 to 9. This case shows that preoperative 18F-FDG PET/CT is effective in identifying dystonic muscles and determining the surgical strategy for cervical dystonia.
著者
Shunsuke TSUZUKI Yoshihiro MURAGAKI Masayuki NITTA Taiichi SAITO Takashi MARUYAMA Shunichi KORIYAMA Manabu TAMURA Takakazu KAWAMATA
出版者
The Japan Neurosurgical Society
雑誌
Neurologia medico-chirurgica (ISSN:04708105)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2022-0340, (Released:2024-01-10)
参考文献数
36

Neurosurgery is complex surgery that requires a strategy that maximizes the removal of tumors and minimizes complications; thus, a safe environment during surgery should be guaranteed. In this study, we aimed to verify the safety of brain surgery using intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI), based on surgical experience since 2000. Thus, we retrospectively examined 2,018 surgical procedures that utilized iMRI performed in the operating room at Tokyo Women's Medical University Hospital between March 2000 and October 2019. As per our data, glioma constituted the majority of the cases (1,711 cases, 84.8%), followed by cavernous hemangioma (61 cases, 3.0%), metastatic brain tumor (37 cases, 1.8%), and meningioma (31 cases, 1.5%). In total, 1,704 patients who underwent glioma removal were analyzed for mortality within 30 days of surgery and for reoperation rates and the underlying causes within 24 hours and 30 days of surgery. As per our analysis, only one death out of all the glioma cases (0.06%) was reported within the 30-day period. Meanwhile, reoperation within 30 days was performed in 37 patients (2.2%) due to postoperative bleeding in 17 patients (1.0%), infection in 12 patients (0.7%), hydrocephalus in 6 patients (0.4%), cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage in 1 patient, and brain edema in 1 patient (0.06%). Of these, 14 cases (0.8%) of reoperation were performed within 24 hours, that is, 13 cases (0.8%) due to postoperative bleeding and 1 case (0.06%) due to acute hydrocephalus. Mortality rate within 30 days was less than 0.1%. Thus, information-guided surgery with iMRI can improve the safety of surgical resections, including those of gliomas.
著者
Yuichi ODA Kosaku AMANO Kentaro CHIBA Kenta MASUI Takakazu KAWAMATA
出版者
The Japan Neurosurgical Society
雑誌
NMC Case Report Journal (ISSN:21884226)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, pp.285-289, 2023-12-31 (Released:2023-10-14)
参考文献数
19

As per the 2021 World Health Organization (WHO) Classification of Tumors of the Central Nervous System, chordoid glioma (CG) is defined as a slow-growing glial neoplasm categorized as grade II tumor. This tumor is primarily located in the anterior part of the third ventricle, often adheres to important surrounding structures, and is hemorrhagic in nature. Therefore, dissecting this tumor is extremely difficult. In this study, we present the case of a 44-year-old man who initially complained of mild headache and was diagnosed with a homogeneous gadolinium-enhanced lesion in the third ventricle via magnetic resonance imaging. The pathological diagnosis based on his biopsy at the previous hospital was CG. The patient demonstrated no neurological deficit at that time, but the tumor had gradually grown, hydrocephalus appeared 2 years after the tumor was detected, and the patient developed short memory disorder and daytime sleepiness. We resected the tumor via the anterior interhemispheric trans-lamina terminalis approach using a microscope and an endoscope. The residual tumor at the blind spot of the microscopic view was resected under an angled rigid endoscopic view using dedicated tools for transsphenoidal surgery. The tumor was grossly resected, and the histopathological diagnosis was CG. Postoperative neurological findings included slight memory disorder and hypothalamic adrenal dysfunction. No tumor recurrence was reported 3 years post resection. The endoscope-assisted anterior interhemispheric trans-lamina terminalis approach was determined useful for CG resection with minimal surgical complications and without tumor recurrence.
著者
Takahiro YOKOYAMA Tatsuya ISHIKAWA Yosuke MOTEKI Takayuki FUNATSU Koji YAMAGUCHI Seiichiro EGUCHI Hayato YAMAHATA Buntou RO Takakazu KAWAMATA
出版者
The Japan Neurosurgical Society
雑誌
NMC Case Report Journal (ISSN:21884226)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, pp.115-119, 2023-12-31 (Released:2023-04-21)
参考文献数
18

PulseRider (Cerenovus, Irvine, CA, USA) is a relatively novel device used for the treatment of wide-neck aneurysms with a coil-assisted effect. However, treatment options for recurrent aneurysms after PulseRider-assisted coil embolization remain controversial. Here we report a case of recurrent basilar tip aneurysm (BTA) treated with Enterprise 2 after PulseRider-assisted coil embolization. A woman in her 70s underwent coil embolization for a subarachnoid hemorrhage with ruptured BTA 16 years ago. Recurrence was detected at 6-year follow-up, and an additional coil embolization was performed. Nevertheless, gradual recurrence still occurred, and PulseRider-assisted coil embolization was performed without any complications 9 years after the second treatment. However, recurrence was detected once more at 6-month follow-up. Thus, stent-assisted coil embolization using Enterprise 2 (Cerenovus) through PulseRider was selected for angular remodeling. Enterprise 2 was deployed between the right P2 segment of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) and basilar artery (BA) after an effective coil embolization, which achieved effective angular remodeling between the right PCA and BA. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful, and no recanalization was detected after half a year. Although PulseRider is effective for wide-neck aneurysm treatment, recurrence remains a possibility. Additional treatment using Enterprise 2 is safe and effective with the expectation of angular remodeling.
著者
Koji YAMAGUCHI Takayuki FUNATSU Yosuke MOTEKI Taku NONAKA Akihiro NIWA Kosuke IMANAKA Kilsoo KIM Tatsuya ISHIKAWA Tatsuki MOCHIZUKI Yoshikazu OKADA Takakazu KAWAMATA
出版者
The Japan Neurosurgical Society
雑誌
Neurologia medico-chirurgica (ISSN:04708105)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2022-0307, (Released:2023-03-31)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
1

Various surgical treatments are available for occlusive subclavian and common carotid artery diseases. Nevertheless, to date, when cerebral endovascular treatment is utilized, revascularization via direct surgery may be required. This study reported five symptomatic cases of revascularization for CCA and SCA occlusive and stenotic lesions that were expected to be challenging to treat with endovascular treatment. We performed subclavian artery-common carotid artery or internal carotid artery bypass using artificial blood vessels or saphenous vein grafts in five patients with subclavian steal syndrome, symptomatic common carotid artery occlusion, and severe proximal common carotid artery stenosis. In this study, good bypass patency was achieved in all five cases. Although there were no intraoperative complications, one patient had a postoperative lymphatic leak. Moreover, there was no recurrence of stroke during postoperative follow-up for an average of 2 years. Conclusively, subclavian artery-common carotid artery bypass can be an effective surgical treatment for common carotid artery occlusion, proximal common carotid artery stenosis, and subclavian artery occlusion.
著者
Yuki TAKANO Tatsuya ISHIKAWA Takayuki FUNATSU Seiichiro EGUCHI Masatake SUMI Koji YAMAGUCHI Takakazu KAWAMATA
出版者
The Japan Neurosurgical Society
雑誌
NMC Case Report Journal (ISSN:21884226)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.371-376, 2022-12-31 (Released:2022-11-09)
参考文献数
20

Spontaneous internal carotid artery dissection (CAD) is a relatively rare disease, with patients, including those with bilateral CAD, often recovering after conservative therapy. However, patients with symptomatic and progressive disease require urgent carotid artery stenting (CAS). If CAD extends to the petrous portion of the internal carotid artery (ICA), it is difficult to treat with a carotid stent alone. This report describes a rare case of consecutive spontaneous bilateral CAD that required an intracranial stent with an interval of 4 years between the first and second CAS. A 58-year-old man with a history of dyslipidemia was admitted for transient ischemic attacks. He underwent CAS with carotid and intracranial stents on the third day for the left CAD due to exacerbation of symptoms under antithrombotic therapy and new stroke on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). He recovered well. However, 4 years after the initial treatment, the patient was admitted again because of a sudden headache, photophobia, and transient weakness of the left lower limb. He was diagnosed with CAD on the contralateral side. He underwent CAS with carotid and intracranial stents due to progressive neurological deterioration under antithrombotic therapy. After treatment, he was clinically stable without any new infarctions on a follow-up MRI. He was discharged without neurological deficit. Our case of bilateral internal CAD treatment demonstrated that early revascularization with immediate stenting with carotid and intracranial stents in CAD contributes to the prevention of extensive neurological damage, thereby providing a favorable outcome in some cases.
著者
Atsushi KUWANO Koji YAMAGUCHI Takayuki FUNATSU Yosuke MOTEKI Seiichiro EGUCHI Isamu MIURA Momo UCHIDA Kaname ITO Tatsuya ISHIKAWA Takakazu KAWAMATA
出版者
The Japan Neurosurgical Society
雑誌
NMC Case Report Journal (ISSN:21884226)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.337-342, 2022-12-31 (Released:2022-10-13)
参考文献数
19

Cavernous malformations of the midbrain have a higher rate of hemorrhage and a poorer prognosis than vascular malformations of other brain areas. Surgical resection of these lesions is often necessary to avoid neurological deficits in affected patients. Herein, the literature surrounding cavernous malformations was examined, and the case of a 48-year-old man with left hemiparesis and diplopia caused by incomplete right oculomotor nerve palsy, who was diagnosed with a hemorrhage from a midbrain cavernous malformation, was discussed. The lesion expanded gradually on magnetic resonance imaging and was symptomatic; radical removal of the lesion before the onset of irreversible symptoms due to recurring bleeding was therefore considered to be beneficial for the patient. Surgical removal of the entire cavernous malformations of the midbrain was performed using an interhemispheric transcallosal subchoroidal approach, with excellent postoperative results and complete recovery from the oculomotor nerve palsy and left hemiparesis. This case shows that this approach is the most appropriate for surgical resections of lesions in the upper midbrain.
著者
Tamon ANDO Tatsuya ISHIKAWA Takayuki FUNATSU Koji YAMAGUCHI Yosuke MOTEKI Seiichiro EGUCHI Momo UCHIDA Makiko SAKAGUCHI Masahiko NISHITANI Takakazu KAWAMATA
出版者
The Japan Neurosurgical Society
雑誌
NMC Case Report Journal (ISSN:21884226)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.269-273, 2022-12-31 (Released:2022-08-26)
参考文献数
20

Kissing aneurysms refer to the condition in which two cerebral aneurysms with separate necks are in contact with each other. At present, there is scarce information on kissing aneurysms occurring near the vertebral artery (VA) -posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA). We report the first case of VA-PICA and nonbranched PICA kissing aneurysms, which were successfully treated with contralateral stenting after the anchor coil technique using two microcatheters. A 64-year-old woman was diagnosed with a left VA-PICA aneurysm (5.5 mm) and an adjacent small PICA aneurysm (2.5 mm) with the aneurysmal walls in close contact. For stenting, microcatheters were navigated to the PICA from the contralateral side, and framing coils for the anchor were placed into each aneurysm from the ipsilateral side. Next, a Neuroform Atlas stent was deployed from the PICA to the distal side of the VA, and coiling was completed using the jailing technique. The patient had a good postoperative course, and a left vertebral angiogram revealed complete occlusion of both aneurysms after 6 months. Adequate surgical planning and application of an appropriate stent-assisted coil embolization technique contributed to the success of the procedure in this rare case.
著者
Yasuo AIHARA Kentaro CHIBA Seiichiro EGUCHI Kosaku AMANO Takakazu KAWAMATA
出版者
The Japan Neurosurgical Society
雑誌
Neurologia medico-chirurgica (ISSN:04708105)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.58, no.1, pp.1-9, 2018 (Released:2018-01-15)
参考文献数
42
被引用文献数
44

Optic pathway/hypothalamic gliomas (OP/HGs) are rare astrocytic tumors that appear more commonly among young children and often are unresectable. They comprise approximately 2% of all central nervous system tumors and account for 3–5% of pediatric intracranial tumors. Initial manifestations are often visual disturbances, endocrinopathies and hypothalamic dysfunction such as the diencephalic syndrome, and sometimes hydrocephalus due to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) outflow obstruction. In many cases, the tumors are diagnosed late in the clinical course because they silently enlarge. These tumors consist mostly of histologically benign, World Health Organization (WHO) grade I tumors represented by pilocytic astrocytomas (PA), the rest being pilomyxoid astrocytomas (PXA) – WHO grade II tumors. In young pediatric patients, however, can be seen PXA that show aggressive clinical course such as CSF dissemination. Our small series of 14 non-Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) OP/HGs PA patients underwent extended resection without any adjuvant treatments. The median age at initial treatment was 11.5 ± 6.90 years (range, 1–25 years) and median follow up 85.5 ± 25.0 months. Surgical resection for OP/HGs results in acceptable middle-term survival, tumor control and functional outcome equivalent to chemotherapy. There is, however, no longer doubt that chemotherapy with or without biopsy and as-needed debulking surgery remains the golden standard in management of OP/H. Clinical conditions and treatment plans for OP/HGs vary depending on their structure of origin.