著者
Ken-ichiro Taoka Zenpei Shimatani Koji Yamaguchi Mana Ogawa Hiromi Saitoh Yoichi Ikeda Hiroko Akashi Rie Terada Tsutomu Kawasaki Hiroyuki Tsuji
出版者
Japanese Society for Plant Biotechnology
雑誌
Plant Biotechnology (ISSN:13424580)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.20.1209a, (Released:2021-03-11)
参考文献数
44
被引用文献数
7

Luciferases have been widely utilized as sensitive reporters to monitor gene expression and protein-protein interactions. Compared to firefly luciferase (Fluc), a recently developed luciferase, Nanoluciferase (NanoLuc or Nluc), has several superior properties such as a smaller size and stronger luminescence activity. We compared the reporter properties of Nluc and Fluc in rice (Oryza sativa). In both plant-based two-hybrid and split luc complementation (SLC) assays, Nluc activity was detected with higher sensitivity and specificity than that with Fluc. To apply Nluc to research involving the photoperiodic regulation of flowering, we made a knock-in rice plant in which the Nluc coding region was inserted in-frame with the OsMADS15 gene, a target of the rice florigen Hd3a. Strong Nluc activity in response to Hd3a, and in response to change in day length, was detected in rice protoplasts and in a single shoot apical meristem, respectively. Our results indicate that Nluc assay systems will be powerful tools to monitor gene expression and protein-protein interaction in plant research.
著者
Toshiyuki Niki Tetsuzo Wakatsuki Koji Yamaguchi Yoshio Taketani Hiroyasu Oeduka Kenya Kusunose Takayuki Ise Takashi Iwase Hirotsugu Yamada Takeshi Soeki Masataka Sata
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-15-0813, (Released:2015-12-11)
参考文献数
53
被引用文献数
32 67

Background:The effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on coronary artery disease have been previously reported; however, those of the addition of EPA to strong statins on coronary plaque components and local inflammatory cytokines are not known.Methods and Results:A total of 95 patients who had been treated with strong statin for at least 6 months were randomized into 2 groups: an EPA group (additional treatment with EPA at 1,800 mg/day, n=48) or a control group (no additional treatment, n=47), for 6 months. The tissue characteristics of target coronary plaque in each patient were analyzed using IB-IVUS before and after treatment. We also measured plasma levels of inflammatory cytokines sampled in the coronary sinus (CS) and peripheral vein.A significant reduction in lipid volume (18.5±1.3 to 15.0±1.5 mm3, P=0.007) and a significant increase in fibrous volume (22.9±0.8 to 25.6±1.1 mm3, P=0.01) were observed in IB-IVUS image analyses in the EPA group, but no significant changes in the plaque components in the control group. CS levels of pentraxin 3 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 were lower after than before treatment with EPA (3.3±2.1 to 2.6±1.2 ng/ml, 120.4±26.2 to 110.2±26.8 pg/ml, P=0.015 and P=0.008, respectively); however, there were no significant changes in those inflammatory cytokines between pre- and post-treatment in the control group.Conclusions:The addition of EPA was associated with reduced lipid volume in coronary plaques and decreased inflammatory cytokines.
著者
Hiroyuki Ito Tetsuzo Wakatsuki Koji Yamaguchi Daiju Fukuda Yutaka Kawabata Tomomi Matsuura Kenya Kusunose Takayuki Ise Takeshi Tobiume Shusuke Yagi Hirotsugu Yamada Takeshi Soeki Yoshihiro Tsuruo Masataka Sata
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-19-0914, (Released:2020-04-10)
参考文献数
37
被引用文献数
1 11

Background:The coronary adventitia has recently attracted attention as a source of inflammation because it harbors nutrient blood vessels, termed the vasa vasorum (VV). This study assessed the link between local inflammation in adjacent epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and coronary arterial atherosclerosis in fresh cadavers.Methods and Results:Lesion characteristics in the left anterior descending coronary artery of 10 fresh cadaveric hearts were evaluated using integrated backscatter intravascular ultrasound (IB-IVUS), and the density of the VV and levels of inflammatory molecules from the adjacent EAT were measured for each of the assessed lesions. The lesions were divided into lipid-rich, lipid-moderate, and lipid-poor groups according to percentage lipid volume assessed by IB-IVUS. Higher expression of inflammatory molecules (i.e., vascular endothelial growth factor A [VEGFA] andVEGFB) was observed in adjacent EAT of lipid-rich (n=11) than in lipid-poor (n=11) lesions (7.99±3.37 vs. 0.45±0.85 arbitrary units [AU], respectively, forVEGFA; 0.27±0.15 vs. 0.11±0.07 AU, respectively, forVEGFB; P<0.05). The density of adventitial VV was greater in lipid-rich than lipid-poor lesions (1.50±0.58% vs. 0.88±0.23%; P<0.05).Conclusions:Lipid-rich coronary plaques are associated with adventitial VV and local inflammation in adjacent EAT in fresh cadavers. This study suggests that local inflammation of EAT is associated with coronary plaque progression via the VV.
著者
Kenya Kusunose Yuta Torii Hirotsugu Yamada Susumu Nishio Yukina Hirata Yoshihito Saijo Takayuki Ise Koji Yamaguchi Daiju Fukuda Shusuke Yagi Takeshi Soeki Tetsuzo Wakatsuki Masataka Sata
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-19-0663, (Released:2019-10-12)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
6

Background:Whether preoperative echocardiography improves postoperative outcomes is not well established, so we examined the value of echocardiographic assessment on the onset of postoperative heart failure (HF), and determining which patients benefitted most from undergoing echocardiography prior to major elective non-cardiac surgery.Methods and Results:We identified all patients aged 50 years and older who had major elective non-cardiac surgery, and excluded patients with previously identified severe cardiovascular disease. The primary endpoint was the onset of HF during hospitalization. A total of 806 patients were included in the analysis. During hospitalization, 49 patients (6%) reached the primary endpoint. Within the matched cohort, preoperative echocardiography was associated with a statistically significant decrease in postoperative HF (hazard ratio: 0.46, P=0.01). In subgroup analyses, age, sex, body surface area, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, prior HF, surgical type, chronic kidney disease, pulmonary disease, and malignancy influenced the association of echocardiography with postoperative HF.Conclusions:The use of echocardiography in elderly patients with certain risk factors was associated with improved postoperative outcomes. The basis for this finding remains to be determined; particularly whether echocardiography is simply a marker of a population with better outcomes or whether it leads to better management that improves outcomes.
著者
Sahika Kimura Yuka Ueda Takayuki Ise Shusuke Yagi Takashi Iwase Koji Nishikawa Koji Yamaguchi Hirotsugu Yamada Takeshi Soeki Tetsuzo Wakatsuki Shinsuke Katoh Masashi Akaike Natsuo Yasui Masataka Sata
出版者
一般社団法人 インターナショナル・ハート・ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.1, pp.105-109, 2015 (Released:2015-01-21)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
2 12

Urinary albumin excretion is a predictor of cardiovascular death. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) with exercise training (ET) has been shown to improve exercise capacity and prognosis in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, it remains unclear whether CR reduces urinary albumin excretion in CVD patients. We performed a retrospective, observational study using data obtained from 98 male CVD patients without macroalbuminuria and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 30 mL/minute/1.73 m2 who participated in CR with ET during hospitalization. Twenty-three patients continued supervised ET for 6 months (supervised group) and 75 patients quit supervised ET (non-supervised group). The supervised ET program consisted of 60 minutes of supervised sessions 1-3 times a week and 30-60 minutes of home exercise at least twice a week. Urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) was significantly decreased in the supervised group at 6 months after enrollment (43 ± 71 mg/g to 17 ± 20 mg/g creatinine, P < 0.05) but not in the non-supervised group. eGFR was unchanged in the supervised group but was significantly decreased in the non-supervised group (72 ± 18 mL/minute/1.73 m2 to 67 ± 17 mL/minute/1.73 m2, P < 0.001). The results of multiple regression analysis showed that only supervised ET was an independent contributor to ΔACR. CR with supervised ET decreased urinary albumin excretion without deterioration of renal function. These findings suggest that continuation of a supervised ET program is associated with reduction in the development of CVD and reduction in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in CVD patients.
著者
Takahiro YOKOYAMA Tatsuya ISHIKAWA Yosuke MOTEKI Takayuki FUNATSU Koji YAMAGUCHI Seiichiro EGUCHI Hayato YAMAHATA Buntou RO Takakazu KAWAMATA
出版者
The Japan Neurosurgical Society
雑誌
NMC Case Report Journal (ISSN:21884226)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, pp.115-119, 2023-12-31 (Released:2023-04-21)
参考文献数
18

PulseRider (Cerenovus, Irvine, CA, USA) is a relatively novel device used for the treatment of wide-neck aneurysms with a coil-assisted effect. However, treatment options for recurrent aneurysms after PulseRider-assisted coil embolization remain controversial. Here we report a case of recurrent basilar tip aneurysm (BTA) treated with Enterprise 2 after PulseRider-assisted coil embolization. A woman in her 70s underwent coil embolization for a subarachnoid hemorrhage with ruptured BTA 16 years ago. Recurrence was detected at 6-year follow-up, and an additional coil embolization was performed. Nevertheless, gradual recurrence still occurred, and PulseRider-assisted coil embolization was performed without any complications 9 years after the second treatment. However, recurrence was detected once more at 6-month follow-up. Thus, stent-assisted coil embolization using Enterprise 2 (Cerenovus) through PulseRider was selected for angular remodeling. Enterprise 2 was deployed between the right P2 segment of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) and basilar artery (BA) after an effective coil embolization, which achieved effective angular remodeling between the right PCA and BA. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful, and no recanalization was detected after half a year. Although PulseRider is effective for wide-neck aneurysm treatment, recurrence remains a possibility. Additional treatment using Enterprise 2 is safe and effective with the expectation of angular remodeling.
著者
Koji YAMAGUCHI Takayuki FUNATSU Yosuke MOTEKI Taku NONAKA Akihiro NIWA Kosuke IMANAKA Kilsoo KIM Tatsuya ISHIKAWA Tatsuki MOCHIZUKI Yoshikazu OKADA Takakazu KAWAMATA
出版者
The Japan Neurosurgical Society
雑誌
Neurologia medico-chirurgica (ISSN:04708105)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.2022-0307, (Released:2023-03-31)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
1

Various surgical treatments are available for occlusive subclavian and common carotid artery diseases. Nevertheless, to date, when cerebral endovascular treatment is utilized, revascularization via direct surgery may be required. This study reported five symptomatic cases of revascularization for CCA and SCA occlusive and stenotic lesions that were expected to be challenging to treat with endovascular treatment. We performed subclavian artery-common carotid artery or internal carotid artery bypass using artificial blood vessels or saphenous vein grafts in five patients with subclavian steal syndrome, symptomatic common carotid artery occlusion, and severe proximal common carotid artery stenosis. In this study, good bypass patency was achieved in all five cases. Although there were no intraoperative complications, one patient had a postoperative lymphatic leak. Moreover, there was no recurrence of stroke during postoperative follow-up for an average of 2 years. Conclusively, subclavian artery-common carotid artery bypass can be an effective surgical treatment for common carotid artery occlusion, proximal common carotid artery stenosis, and subclavian artery occlusion.
著者
Yuki TAKANO Tatsuya ISHIKAWA Takayuki FUNATSU Seiichiro EGUCHI Masatake SUMI Koji YAMAGUCHI Takakazu KAWAMATA
出版者
The Japan Neurosurgical Society
雑誌
NMC Case Report Journal (ISSN:21884226)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.371-376, 2022-12-31 (Released:2022-11-09)
参考文献数
20

Spontaneous internal carotid artery dissection (CAD) is a relatively rare disease, with patients, including those with bilateral CAD, often recovering after conservative therapy. However, patients with symptomatic and progressive disease require urgent carotid artery stenting (CAS). If CAD extends to the petrous portion of the internal carotid artery (ICA), it is difficult to treat with a carotid stent alone. This report describes a rare case of consecutive spontaneous bilateral CAD that required an intracranial stent with an interval of 4 years between the first and second CAS. A 58-year-old man with a history of dyslipidemia was admitted for transient ischemic attacks. He underwent CAS with carotid and intracranial stents on the third day for the left CAD due to exacerbation of symptoms under antithrombotic therapy and new stroke on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). He recovered well. However, 4 years after the initial treatment, the patient was admitted again because of a sudden headache, photophobia, and transient weakness of the left lower limb. He was diagnosed with CAD on the contralateral side. He underwent CAS with carotid and intracranial stents due to progressive neurological deterioration under antithrombotic therapy. After treatment, he was clinically stable without any new infarctions on a follow-up MRI. He was discharged without neurological deficit. Our case of bilateral internal CAD treatment demonstrated that early revascularization with immediate stenting with carotid and intracranial stents in CAD contributes to the prevention of extensive neurological damage, thereby providing a favorable outcome in some cases.
著者
Atsushi KUWANO Koji YAMAGUCHI Takayuki FUNATSU Yosuke MOTEKI Seiichiro EGUCHI Isamu MIURA Momo UCHIDA Kaname ITO Tatsuya ISHIKAWA Takakazu KAWAMATA
出版者
The Japan Neurosurgical Society
雑誌
NMC Case Report Journal (ISSN:21884226)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.337-342, 2022-12-31 (Released:2022-10-13)
参考文献数
19

Cavernous malformations of the midbrain have a higher rate of hemorrhage and a poorer prognosis than vascular malformations of other brain areas. Surgical resection of these lesions is often necessary to avoid neurological deficits in affected patients. Herein, the literature surrounding cavernous malformations was examined, and the case of a 48-year-old man with left hemiparesis and diplopia caused by incomplete right oculomotor nerve palsy, who was diagnosed with a hemorrhage from a midbrain cavernous malformation, was discussed. The lesion expanded gradually on magnetic resonance imaging and was symptomatic; radical removal of the lesion before the onset of irreversible symptoms due to recurring bleeding was therefore considered to be beneficial for the patient. Surgical removal of the entire cavernous malformations of the midbrain was performed using an interhemispheric transcallosal subchoroidal approach, with excellent postoperative results and complete recovery from the oculomotor nerve palsy and left hemiparesis. This case shows that this approach is the most appropriate for surgical resections of lesions in the upper midbrain.
著者
Tamon ANDO Tatsuya ISHIKAWA Takayuki FUNATSU Koji YAMAGUCHI Yosuke MOTEKI Seiichiro EGUCHI Momo UCHIDA Makiko SAKAGUCHI Masahiko NISHITANI Takakazu KAWAMATA
出版者
The Japan Neurosurgical Society
雑誌
NMC Case Report Journal (ISSN:21884226)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.269-273, 2022-12-31 (Released:2022-08-26)
参考文献数
20

Kissing aneurysms refer to the condition in which two cerebral aneurysms with separate necks are in contact with each other. At present, there is scarce information on kissing aneurysms occurring near the vertebral artery (VA) -posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA). We report the first case of VA-PICA and nonbranched PICA kissing aneurysms, which were successfully treated with contralateral stenting after the anchor coil technique using two microcatheters. A 64-year-old woman was diagnosed with a left VA-PICA aneurysm (5.5 mm) and an adjacent small PICA aneurysm (2.5 mm) with the aneurysmal walls in close contact. For stenting, microcatheters were navigated to the PICA from the contralateral side, and framing coils for the anchor were placed into each aneurysm from the ipsilateral side. Next, a Neuroform Atlas stent was deployed from the PICA to the distal side of the VA, and coiling was completed using the jailing technique. The patient had a good postoperative course, and a left vertebral angiogram revealed complete occlusion of both aneurysms after 6 months. Adequate surgical planning and application of an appropriate stent-assisted coil embolization technique contributed to the success of the procedure in this rare case.
著者
Ken-ichiro Taoka Zenpei Shimatani Koji Yamaguchi Mana Ogawa Hiromi Saitoh Yoichi Ikeda Hiroko Akashi Rie Terada Tsutomu Kawasaki Hiroyuki Tsuji
出版者
Japanese Society for Plant Biotechnology
雑誌
Plant Biotechnology (ISSN:13424580)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.38, no.1, pp.89-99, 2021-03-25 (Released:2021-03-25)
参考文献数
44
被引用文献数
7

Luciferases have been widely utilized as sensitive reporters to monitor gene expression and protein-protein interactions. Compared to firefly luciferase (Fluc), a recently developed luciferase, Nanoluciferase (NanoLuc or Nluc), has several superior properties such as a smaller size and stronger luminescence activity. We compared the reporter properties of Nluc and Fluc in rice (Oryza sativa). In both plant-based two-hybrid and split luc complementation (SLC) assays, Nluc activity was detected with higher sensitivity and specificity than that with Fluc. To apply Nluc to research involving the photoperiodic regulation of flowering, we made a knock-in rice plant in which the Nluc coding region was inserted in-frame with the OsMADS15 gene, a target of the rice florigen Hd3a. Strong Nluc activity in response to Hd3a, and in response to change in day length, was detected in rice protoplasts and in a single shoot apical meristem, respectively. Our results indicate that Nluc assay systems will be powerful tools to monitor gene expression and protein-protein interaction in plant research.
著者
山口 光治 Koji Yamaguchi
雑誌
国際経営・文化研究 = Cross-cultural business and cultural studies (ISSN:13431412)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, no.1, pp.65-76, 2006-11-01

This research focuses on the problems of family care in Japan and discusses a social work practice model that can explain these problems. Applying the concept of symbolic interaction as the framework for analysis, I tried to develop an integrated theory that would explain the meaning of family care and that would guide social work interventions. The result of the study indicates that the meaning of family care differs from one caregiver to another, depending on the experience of each caregiver and on the interpretation of experience by each caregiver. In addition, I introduced a new concept of "burying the past" for the purpose of better understanding the problems. These new theories are expected to be useful for preventing and intervening on the problems of family care in Japan.
著者
山口 光治 Koji Yamaguchi
雑誌
国際経営・文化研究 = Cross-cultural business and cultural studies (ISSN:13431412)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.18, no.2, pp.111-123, 2014-03-01

Evidence Based Practice (EBP) appeared at the beginning of 1990s.Social workers have been required “Explanatory Power of Language for Practice” lately. Social work is a professional field. It means that its practice has to be based on theories and research; moreover, social workers have to explain the reasons why they provide the services for the clients. In order to make people aware of social work as a professional, social work practices need to be evidence based. This article has four purposes. First of all, the principles of EBP and introducing EBP to social work field are summarized. Second, significances of EBP in clinical social work are examined through a case of elder abuse. Also, this article clarifies what evidences are and considers how EBP should be applied in clinical social work field. Finally, how EBP works in social work field is examined; moreover, further issues of EBP in social work field are considered.
著者
Toshiyuki Niki Tetsuzo Wakatsuki Koji Yamaguchi Yoshio Taketani Hiroyasu Oeduka Kenya Kusunose Takayuki Ise Takashi Iwase Hirotsugu Yamada Takeshi Soeki Masataka Sata
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.80, no.2, pp.450-460, 2016-01-25 (Released:2016-01-25)
参考文献数
53
被引用文献数
22 67

Background:The effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on coronary artery disease have been previously reported; however, those of the addition of EPA to strong statins on coronary plaque components and local inflammatory cytokines are not known.Methods and Results:A total of 95 patients who had been treated with strong statin for at least 6 months were randomized into 2 groups: an EPA group (additional treatment with EPA at 1,800 mg/day, n=48) or a control group (no additional treatment, n=47), for 6 months. The tissue characteristics of target coronary plaque in each patient were analyzed using IB-IVUS before and after treatment. We also measured plasma levels of inflammatory cytokines sampled in the coronary sinus (CS) and peripheral vein.A significant reduction in lipid volume (18.5±1.3 to 15.0±1.5 mm3, P=0.007) and a significant increase in fibrous volume (22.9±0.8 to 25.6±1.1 mm3, P=0.01) were observed in IB-IVUS image analyses in the EPA group, but no significant changes in the plaque components in the control group. CS levels of pentraxin 3 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 were lower after than before treatment with EPA (3.3±2.1 to 2.6±1.2 ng/ml, 120.4±26.2 to 110.2±26.8 pg/ml, P=0.015 and P=0.008, respectively); however, there were no significant changes in those inflammatory cytokines between pre- and post-treatment in the control group.Conclusions:The addition of EPA was associated with reduced lipid volume in coronary plaques and decreased inflammatory cytokines. (Circ J 2016; 80: 450–460)
著者
Kenya Kusunose Yuichiro Okushi Hirotsugu Yamada Susumu Nishio Yuta Torii Yukina Hirata Yoshihito Saijo Takayuki Ise Koji Yamaguchi Shusuke Yagi Takeshi Soeki Tetsuzo Wakatsuki Masataka Sata
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-18-0017, (Released:2018-04-28)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
1 20

Background:High prevalence of frailty and of diastolic dysfunction (DD) in heart failure and high mortality in frail adults have been noted. We characterized frailty by quantifying differences on echocardiography, and assessed the added prognostic utility of frailty and DD grade in an elderly population.Methods and Results:One hundred and ninety-one patients ≥65 years who had at least 1 cardiovascular risk factor were prospectively recruited for clinically indicated echocardiography at the present institute. Weight loss, exhaustion, and deficits in physical activity, gait speed, and handgrip strength were used to categorize patients as frail (≥3 features), intermediately frail (1 or 2 features), or non-frail (0 features). DD grade ≥2 was defined as severe. Frailty was associated with larger left atrial volume, smaller stroke volume, and worse DD grade after adjustment for age. In a period of 14 months, 29 patients (15%) had cardiovascular events. The addition of frailty score and severe DD significantly improved the prognostic power of a model containing male gender (model 1, male gender, χ2=6.4; model 2, model 1 plus frailty score, χ2=16.7, P=0.004; model 3, model 2 plus severe DD, χ2=25.5, P=0.015).Conclusions:Both frailty and DD grade were significantly associated with future cardiovascular events in an elderly population with preserved ejection fraction and ≥1 risk factor of cardiovascular disease.
著者
Shusuke Yagi Ken-ichi Aihara Daiju Fukuda Akira Takashima Tomoya Hara Junko Hotchi Takayuki Ise Koji Yamaguchi Takeshi Tobiume Takashi Iwase Hirotsugu Yamada Takeshi Soeki Tetsuzo Wakatsuki Michio Shimabukuro Masashi Akaike Masataka Sata
出版者
一般社団法人 日本動脈硬化学会
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.26914, (Released:2014-10-24)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
8 29

Aim: The consumption of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), including docosahexaenoic acid DHA), reduces the incidence of cardiovascular events, and reduced serum levels of n-3 PUFA may be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. However, controversy remains regarding which components of PUFA are associated with the endothelial function in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). We therefore examined the associations between the n-3 and n-6 PUFA levels and CAD.Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 160 consecutive Japanese patients with CAD whose endothelial function was measured according to the percent change in flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and the serum levels of n-3 PUFA, including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and DHA, and n-6 PUFA, including arachidonic acid (AA) and dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DHLA).Results: A single regression analysis showed no relationships between the FMD and the serum levels of PUFA, including EPA, DHA, AA and DHLA. In contrast, a multiple regression analysis showed that the DHA level was a positive (P<0.01) and age was a negative (P<0.001) contributor to an increased FMD; however, sex, body mass index, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, current/past smoking and the levels of HbA1c, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, EPA, AA and DHLA did not significantly affect the outcome.Conclusions: The serum level of DHA is associated with the endothelial function evaluated according to the FMD in patients with CAD, thus suggesting that a low serum level of DHA may be a predictive biomarker for endothelial dysfunction.