著者
Takahiro Sanada Tomoko Honda Fumihiko Yasui Kenzaburo Yamaji Tsubasa Munakata Naoki Yamamoto Makoto Kurano Yusuke Matsumoto Risa Kohno Sakiko Toyama Yoshiro Kishi Takuro Horibe Yudai Kaneko Mayumi Kakegawa Kazushige Fukui Takeshi Kawamura Wang Daming Chungen Qian Fuzhen Xia Fan He Syudo Yamasaki Atsushi Nishida Takayuki Harada Masahiko Higa Yuko Tokunaga Asako Takagi Masanari Itokawa Tatsuhiko Kodama Michinori Kohara
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20210324, (Released:2021-11-13)
参考文献数
26

Background: Tokyo, the capital of Japan, is a densely populated city of >13 million people and thus at high risk of epidemic severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. A serologic survey of anti–SARS-CoV-2 IgG would provide valuable data for assessing the city’s SARS-CoV-2 infection status. This cross-sectional study therefore estimated the anti–SARS-CoV-2 IgG seroprevalence in Tokyo.Methods: Leftover serum of 23,234 hospital visitors was tested for antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 using an iFlash 3000 chemiluminescence immunoassay analyzer (Shenzhen YHLO Biotech) with an iFlash–SARS-CoV-2 IgG kit (YHLO) and iFlash–SARS-CoV-2 IgG-S1 kit (YHLO). Serum samples with a positive result (≥10 AU/mL) in either of these assays were considered seropositive for anti–SARS-CoV-2 IgG. Participants were randomly selected from patients visiting 14 Tokyo hospitals between September 1, 2020, and March 31, 2021. No participants were diagnosed with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and none exhibited COVID-19–related symptoms at the time of blood collection.Results: The overall anti–SARS-CoV-2 IgG seroprevalence among all participants was 1.83% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.66%-2.01%). The seroprevalence in March 2021, the most recent month of this study, was 2.70% (95% CI: 2.16%-3.34%). After adjusting for population age, sex, and region, the estimated seroprevalence in Tokyo was 3.40%, indicating that 470,778 individuals had a history of SARS-CoV-2 infection.Conclusions: The estimated number of individuals in Tokyo with a history of SARS-CoV-2 infection was 3.9-fold higher than the number of confirmed cases. Our study enhances understanding of the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic in Tokyo.
著者
Imari Mimura Tetsuhiro Tanaka Youichiro Wada Tatsuhiko Kodama Masaomi Nangaku
出版者
(公社)日本薬理学会
雑誌
Journal of Pharmacological Sciences (ISSN:13478613)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.115, no.4, pp.453-458, 2011 (Released:2011-04-15)
参考文献数
41
被引用文献数
18 27

The hypoxia response regulated primarily by hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) influences metabolism, cell survival, and angiogenesis to maintain biological homeostasis. In addition to the traditional transcriptional regulation by HIF, recent studies have shown that epigenetic modulation such as histone methylation, acetylation, and DNA methylation could change the regulation of the response to hypoxia. Eukaryotic chromatin is known to be modified by multiple post-translational histone methylation and demethylation, which result in the chromatin conformation change to adapt to hypoxic stimuli. Interestingly, some of the histone demethylase enzymes, which have the Jumonji domain–containing family, require oxygen to function and are induced by hypoxia in an HIF-1–dependent manner. Recent studies have demonstrated that histone modifiers play important roles in the hypoxic environment such as that in cancer cells and that they may become new therapeutic targets for cancer patients. It may lead to finding a new therapy for cancer to clarify a new epigenetic mechanism by HIF and histone demethylase such as JMJD1A (KDM3A) under hypoxia.
著者
Mika Kobayashi Kenji Inoue Eiji Warabi Takashi Minami Tatsuhiko Kodama
出版者
一般社団法人 日本動脈硬化学会
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.12, no.3, pp.138-142, 2005 (Released:2005-07-13)
参考文献数
12
被引用文献数
69 156

In the study of vascular biology, analyses of endothelial cells (EC) and smooth muscle cells (SMC) are very important. The mouse is a critical model for research, however, the isolation of primary EC from murine aorta is considered difficult. Previously reported procedures for the isolation of EC have required magnetic beads, or Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorting (FACS) to purify the cells. In addition, these procedures were applied to the heart, eyeball, or lung, not the aorta. Therefore we developed a simple method of isolating EC or SMC from the murine aorta without the need for any special equipment. To verify the purity of the cell culture, we performed both an immunofluorescence study and a DNA microarray analysis. The immunofluorescence study demonstrated specific expression of PECAM-1 in isolated EC cultures. In contrast, the isolated SMC didn’t exhibit PECAM-1, but rather, smooth muscle actin. The DNA microarray analysis demonstrated the expression of EC (16 genes) or SMC (5 genes) specific genes in each cell. This is due to the fact that pure EC or SMC can be isolated from the aorta, without the use of any special equipment. These results suggest that this method should be particularly useful for vascular biological research.