著者
Masamitsu Nakayama Shinichi Goto Teppei Sakano Shinya Goto
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.63798, (Released:2022-10-21)
参考文献数
33

Aims: Whether the multi-dimensional data of serially measured blood pressure contains information for predicting the future risk of death in elderly individuals in nursing homes is unclear. Methods: Of the elderly individuals staying in a nursing home, 19,740 and 40,055 individuals with serially measured blood pressure from day 1 to 365 (for AI-long) and 1 to 90 (for AI-short) along with the death information at day 366 to 730 and 91-365 were included. The neural network-based artificial intelligence (AI) was applied to find the relationship between BP time-series and the future risks of death in both populations. Results: AI-long found a significant relationship between the serially measured BP from day 1 to day 365 days and the risk of death occurring 366-730 days with c-statistics of 0.57 (95% CI: 0.51-0.63). AI-short also found a significant relationship between the serially measured BP from day 1 to day 90 and the rate of death occurring 91-365 days with c-statistics of 0.58 (95%CI: 0.52-0.63). Conclusion: Our results suggest that neural network-based AI could find the hidden subtle relationship between multi-dimensional data of serially measured BP and the future risk of death in apparently healthy elderly Japanese individuals under nursing care.
著者
Mitsuyoshi Urashima Hiroyuki Takao Teppei Sakano Kohei Takeshita Masaki Yoshida Yasushi Nakazawa Makoto Kawai Yuichi Murayama
出版者
The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
雑誌
Internal Medicine (ISSN:09182918)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.0724-22, (Released:2022-10-05)
参考文献数
20

Objective Just before the Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games in Japan, the number of people infected with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), started to increase at an unprecedented rate. This study investigated the effectiveness of vaccines in large-scale sporting events under difficult circumstances, such as during adherence to a bubble system and confinement inside the Olympic/Paralympic Village. Methods In collaboration with medical clinics inside and outside the Village, a prospective cohort study was conducted among overseas participants using the results of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests for SARS-CoV-2 upon leaving Japan. Results A total of 12,072 foreign participants were enrolled, 13 (0.11%) of whom had a positive PCR test result. None of these cases were broadcasters or members of the press, were tested outside the Olympic Village, or had a history of COVID-19 infection. The effectiveness of full vaccination and vaccination at least once (≥14 days ago) was 74% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 6-93%) and 81% (95% CI: 30-95%), respectively. Three breakthrough infections with the Delta variant were observed in 6,485 fully vaccinated participants (0.05%). The positivity rate was 0.09% among adherents to the bubble system and 0.28% among non-adherents, but this difference was not significant. Conclusion These findings indicate that even huge sporting events such as the Olympic and Paralympic Games can proceed while pandemics are ongoing in the host country by combining countermeasures such as vaccination, frequent testing, social distancing, and adherence to a bubble system.
著者
Hiroyuki TAKAO Kenichiro SAKAI Hidetaka MITSUMURA Teppei KOMATSU Ichiro YUKI Kohei TAKESHITA Kenichi SAKUTA Toshihiro ISHIBASHI Teppei SAKANO Yuchih YEH Kostadin KARAGIOZOV Marc FISHER Yasuyuki IGUCHI Yuichi MURAYAMA
出版者
The Japan Neurosurgical Society
雑誌
Neurologia medico-chirurgica (ISSN:04708105)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.4, pp.260-267, 2021 (Released:2021-04-15)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
7

Since smartphone applications are revolutionizing telemedicine, a new application specifically for stroke care (JOIN) was designed. Addition of the JOIN smartphone application to the stroke treatment workflow in our hospital was assessed. JOIN has key functions that may improve the care of stroke patients, including the ability to (1) exchange information such as patient data and medical images in real-time throughout the entire process of patient management; (2) track each step of the protocol from door to discharge; and (3) facilitate real-time interaction of all team members via text, audio, and a video chat system. Two periods, 2.7 years before the implementation of JOIN (Pre-JOIN) with 37 patients and 2.2 years after (Post-JOIN) with 54 patients, were compared, and the workflow for all 91 patients who had a cerebral infarction and were treated with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and/or thrombectomy between October 2012 and July 2017 was reviewed. There were noticeable reductions in overall patient management time, including times for door-to-imaging, starting tPA treatment, and endovascular intervention with JOIN. Staff members were unanimously satisfied with JOIN, due to the increased efficiency of information exchange and the ability for real-time discussions with different professionals when needed. No significant changes in patient outcomes (as assessed by modified Rankin Scale [mRS] scores) at 3 months and in the total cost for the treatment were observed. A smartphone-based application with the capability of sharing information instantaneously among healthcare professionals facilitated time-sensitive, acute care of ischemic stroke patients.