著者
Jiro Sakamoto Yugo Yamashita Takeshi Morimoto Hidewo Amano Toru Takase Seiichi Hiramori Kitae Kim Maki Oi Masaharu Akao Yohei Kobayashi Mamoru Toyofuku Toshiaki Izumi Tomohisa Tada Po-Min Chen Koichiro Murata Yoshiaki Tsuyuki Syunsuke Saga Yuji Nishimoto Tomoki Sasa Minako Kinoshita Kiyonori Togi Hiroshi Mabuchi Kensuke Takabayashi Yusuke Yoshikawa Hiroki Shiomi Takao Kato Takeru Makiyama Koh Ono Toshihiro Tamura Yoshihisa Nakagawa Takeshi Kimura on behalf of the COMMAND VTE Registry Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-19-0515, (Released:2019-09-20)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
5 13

Background:There is a paucity of data on the management and prognosis of cancer-associated venous thromboembolism (VTE), leading to uncertainty about optimal management strategies.Methods and Results:The COMMAND VTE Registry is a multicenter registry enrolling 3,027 consecutive acute symptomatic VTE patients in Japan between 2010 and 2014. We divided the entire cohort into 3 groups: active cancer (n=695, 23%), history of cancer (n=243, 8%), and no history of cancer (n=2089, 69%). The rate of anticoagulation discontinuation was higher in patients with active cancer (43.5%, 27.0%, and 27.0%, respectively, at 1 year, P<0.001). The cumulative 5-year incidences of recurrent VTE, major bleeding, and all-cause death were higher in patients with active cancer (recurrent VTE: 17.7%, 10.2%, and 8.6%, P<0.001; major bleeding: 26.6%, 8.8%, and 9.3%, P<0.001; all-cause death: 73.1%, 28.6%, 14.6%, P<0.001). Among the 4 groups classified according to active cancer status, the cumulative 1-year incidence of recurrent VTE was higher in the metastasis group (terminal stage group: 6.4%, metastasis group: 22.1%, under chemotherapy group: 10.8%, and other group: 5.8%, P<0.001).Conclusions:In a current real-world VTE registry, patients with active cancer had higher risk for VTE recurrence, bleeding, and death, with variations according to cancer status, than patients without active cancer. Anticoagulation therapy was frequently discontinued prematurely in patients with active cancer in discordance with current guideline recommendations.
著者
Yuji Nishimoto Yugo Yamashita Kitae Kim Takeshi Morimoto Syunsuke Saga Hidewo Amano Toru Takase Seiichi Hiramori Maki Oi Masaharu Akao Yohei Kobayashi Mamoru Toyofuku Toshiaki Izumi Tomohisa Tada Po-Min Chen Koichiro Murata Yoshiaki Tsuyuki Tomoki Sasa Jiro Sakamoto Minako Kinoshita Kiyonori Togi Hiroshi Mabuchi Kensuke Takabayashi Yusuke Yoshikawa Hiroki Shiomi Takao Kato Takeru Makiyama Koh Ono Yukihito Sato Takeshi Kimura on behalf of the COMMAND VTE Registry Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.84, no.11, pp.2006-2014, 2020-10-23 (Released:2020-10-23)
参考文献数
33

Background:Patients with cancer-associated venous thromboembolism (VTE) are at high risk for recurrent VTE and are recommended to receive prolonged anticoagulation therapy if they are at a low risk for bleeding. However, there are no established risk factors for bleeding during anticoagulation therapy.Methods and Results:The COMMAND VTE Registry is a multicenter retrospective registry enrolling 3,027 consecutive patients with acute symptomatic VTE among 29 Japanese centers. The present study population consisted of 592 cancer-associated VTE patients with anticoagulation therapy. We constructed a multivariable Cox proportional hazard model to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of the potential risk factors for major bleeding. During a median follow-up period of 199 days, major bleeding occurred in 72 patients. The cumulative incidence of major bleeding was 5.8% at 3 months, 13.8% at 1 year, 17.5% at 2 years, and 28.1% at 5 years. The most frequent major bleeding site was gastrointestinal tract (47%). Terminal cancer (adjusted HR, 4.17; 95% CI, 2.22–7.85, P<0.001), chronic kidney disease (adjusted HR, 1.89; 95% CI 1.06–3.37, P=0.031), and gastrointestinal cancer (adjusted HR, 1.78; 95% CI, 1.04–3.04, P=0.037) were independently associated with an increased risk of major bleeding.Conclusions:Major bleeding events were common during anticoagulation therapy in real-world cancer-associated VTE patients. Terminal cancer, chronic kidney disease, and gastrointestinal cancer were the independent risk factors for major bleeding.