著者
Jiro Sakamoto Yugo Yamashita Takeshi Morimoto Hidewo Amano Toru Takase Seiichi Hiramori Kitae Kim Maki Oi Masaharu Akao Yohei Kobayashi Mamoru Toyofuku Toshiaki Izumi Tomohisa Tada Po-Min Chen Koichiro Murata Yoshiaki Tsuyuki Syunsuke Saga Yuji Nishimoto Tomoki Sasa Minako Kinoshita Kiyonori Togi Hiroshi Mabuchi Kensuke Takabayashi Yusuke Yoshikawa Hiroki Shiomi Takao Kato Takeru Makiyama Koh Ono Toshihiro Tamura Yoshihisa Nakagawa Takeshi Kimura on behalf of the COMMAND VTE Registry Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-19-0515, (Released:2019-09-20)
参考文献数
28

Background:There is a paucity of data on the management and prognosis of cancer-associated venous thromboembolism (VTE), leading to uncertainty about optimal management strategies.Methods and Results:The COMMAND VTE Registry is a multicenter registry enrolling 3,027 consecutive acute symptomatic VTE patients in Japan between 2010 and 2014. We divided the entire cohort into 3 groups: active cancer (n=695, 23%), history of cancer (n=243, 8%), and no history of cancer (n=2089, 69%). The rate of anticoagulation discontinuation was higher in patients with active cancer (43.5%, 27.0%, and 27.0%, respectively, at 1 year, P<0.001). The cumulative 5-year incidences of recurrent VTE, major bleeding, and all-cause death were higher in patients with active cancer (recurrent VTE: 17.7%, 10.2%, and 8.6%, P<0.001; major bleeding: 26.6%, 8.8%, and 9.3%, P<0.001; all-cause death: 73.1%, 28.6%, 14.6%, P<0.001). Among the 4 groups classified according to active cancer status, the cumulative 1-year incidence of recurrent VTE was higher in the metastasis group (terminal stage group: 6.4%, metastasis group: 22.1%, under chemotherapy group: 10.8%, and other group: 5.8%, P<0.001).Conclusions:In a current real-world VTE registry, patients with active cancer had higher risk for VTE recurrence, bleeding, and death, with variations according to cancer status, than patients without active cancer. Anticoagulation therapy was frequently discontinued prematurely in patients with active cancer in discordance with current guideline recommendations.
著者
Shuichi TAKAGI Naoharu IWAI Ryoko YAMAUCHI Sunao KOJIMA Shinji YASUNO Takeshi BABA Masahiro TERASHIMA Yoshiaki TSUTSUMI Shoji SUZUKI Isao MORII Sotaro HANAI Koh ONO Shunroku BABA Hitonobu TOMOIKE Atsushi KAWAMURA Shunichi MIYAZAKI Hiroshi NONOGI Yoichi GOTO
出版者
日本高血圧学会
雑誌
Hypertension Research (ISSN:09169636)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, no.5, pp.677-681, 2002 (Released:2003-04-26)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
49 89

In epidemiological studies, moderate alcohol consumption has been consistently associated with a reduced risk of myocardial infarction (MI). About half of Japanese show an extremely high sensitivity to alcohol (ethanol), which is due to a missense mutation from glutamic acid (Glu) to lysine (Lys) at codon 487 in an isoenzyme of aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2) with a low Km. We obtained a preliminary result that subjects homozygous for the Lys 487 allele had higher risk for myocardial infarction. The purpose of the present study was to assess this hypothesis by employing a larger cohort of subjects with MI. The experimental group consisted of 342 male subjects with demonstrated MI who were selected randomly from our outpatient clinic. As controls, we employed 1, 820 male subjects with no cardiovascular complications who were selected from the Suita Study. All subjects provided their written informed consent to participate in the genetic analyses. Subjects with MI were older and had higher body mass index, higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus, higher prevalence of smoking habit, higher prevalence of the Lys/Lys genotype (homozygous for Lys 487 allele), and lower high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level (HDL-C). The ALDH2 genotype affected the level of alcohol consumption, and HDL-C. Multiple logistic analyses indicated that the odds ratio of the Lys/Lys genotype to the Lys/Glu+Glu/Glu genotype was 1.56 (p =0.0359). Inclusion of HDL-C as one of the independent variables downplayed the importance of the ALDH2 genotype. This may indicate that the ALDH2 genotype affects MI via its effects on HDL-C. In conclusion, the ALDH2 Lys/Lys genotype is a risk factor for myocardial infarction in Japanese men due to its influence on HDL cholesterol level. (Hypertens Res 2002; 25: 677-681)
著者
Mamoru Hayano Takeru Makiyama Tsukasa Kamakura Hiroshi Watanabe Kenichi Sasaki Shunsuke Funakoshi Yimin Wuriyanghai Suguru Nishiuchi Takeshi Harita Yuta Yamamoto Hirohiko Kohjitani Sayako Hirose Fumika Yokoi Jiarong Chen Osamu Baba Takahiro Horie Kazuhisa Chonabayashi Seiko Ohno Futoshi Toyoda Yoshinori Yoshida Koh Ono Minoru Horie Takeshi Kimura
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-17-0064, (Released:2017-06-20)
参考文献数
38
被引用文献数
7

Background:TheSCN5Agene encodes the α subunit of the cardiac voltage-gated sodium channel, NaV1.5. The missense mutation, D1275N, has been associated with a range of unusual phenotypes associated with reduced NaV1.5 function, including cardiac conduction disease and dilated cardiomyopathy. Curiously, the reported biophysical properties ofSCN5A-D1275N channels vary with experimental system.Methods and Results:First, using a human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cell-based heterologous expression system, theSCN5A-D1275N channels showed similar maximum sodium conductance but a significantly depolarizing shift of activation gate (+10 mV) compared to wild type. Second, we generated human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) from a 24-year-old female who carried heterozygousSCN5A-D1275N and analyzed the differentiated cardiomyocytes (CMs). AlthoughSCN5Atranscript levels were equivalent between D1275N and control hiPSC-CMs, both the total amount of NaV1.5 and the membrane fractions were reduced approximately half in the D1275N cells, which were rescued by the proteasome inhibitor MG132 treatment. Electrophysiological assays revealed that maximum sodium conductance was reduced to approximately half of that in control hiPSC-CMs in the D1275N cells, and maximum upstroke velocity of action potential was lower in D1275N, which was consistent with the reduced protein level of NaV1.5.Conclusions:This study successfully demonstrated diminished sodium currents resulting from lower NaV1.5 protein levels, which is dependent on proteasomal degradation, using a hiPSC-based model forSCN5A-D1275N-related sodium channelopathy.
著者
Toshiaki Toyota Takeshi Morimoto Hiroki Shiomi Kenji Ando Koh Ono Satoshi Shizuta Takao Kato Naritatsu Saito Yutaka Furukawa Yoshihisa Nakagawa Minoru Horie Takeshi Kimura on behalf of the CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG Registry Cohort-2 Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-16-0987, (Released:2017-02-07)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
4

Background:Few studies have evaluated the prevalence and clinical outcomes of ad hoc percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), performing diagnostic coronary angiography and PCI in the same session, in stable coronary artery disease (CAD) patients.Methods and Results:From the CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG registry cohort-2, 6,943 patients were analyzed as having stable CAD and undergoing first PCI. Ad hoc PCI and non-ad hoc PCI were performed in 1,722 (24.8%) and 5,221 (75.1%) patients, respectively. The cumulative 5-year incidence and adjusted risk for all-cause death were not significantly different between the 2 groups (15% vs. 15%, P=0.53; hazard ratio: 1.15, 95% confidence interval: 0.98–1.35, P=0.08). Ad hoc PCI relative to non-ad hoc PCI was associated with neutral risk for myocardial infarction, any coronary revascularization, and bleeding, but was associated with a trend towards lower risk for stroke (hazard ratio: 0.78, 95% confidence interval: 0.60–1.02, P=0.06).Conclusions:Ad hoc PCI in stable CAD patients was associated with at least comparable 5-year clinical outcomes as with non-ad hoc PCI. Considering patients’ preference and the cost-saving, the ad hoc PCI strategy might be a safe and attractive option for patients with stable CAD, although the prevalence of ad hoc PCI was low in the current study population.