著者
Ki Hun Cho Min Kyu Kim Hwang-Jae Lee Wan Hee Lee
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.236, no.4, pp.273-280, 2015 (Released:2015-07-31)
参考文献数
33
被引用文献数
3

Virtual reality training is considered as an effective intervention method of stroke patients, and the virtual reality system for therapeutic rehabilitation has emphasized the cognitive factors to improve walking function. The purpose of current study was to investigate the effect of virtual reality training with cognitive load (VRTCL) on walking function of chronic stroke. Chronic stroke patients were randomly assigned to the VRTCL group (11 patients, including 5 men; mean age, 60.0 years; post-stroke duration, 273.9 days) or control group (11 patients, including 2 men; mean age, 58.6 years; post-stroke duration, 263.9 days). All subjects participated in the standard rehabilitation program that consisted of physical and occupational therapies. In addition, VRTCL group participated in the VRTCL for 4 weeks (30 min per day and five times a week), while those in the control group participated in virtual reality treadmill training. Walking function under single (walking alone) and dual task (walking with cognitive tasks) conditions was assessed using an electrical walkway system. After the 4-week intervention, under both single and dual task conditions, significant improvement on walking function was observed in VRTCL and control groups (P < 0.05). In addition, in the dual task condition, greater improvement on walking function was observed in the VRTCL group, compared with the control group (P < 0.05). These findings demonstrated the efficacy of VRTCL on the walking function under the dual task condition. Therefore, we suggest that VRTCL may be an effective method for the achievement of independent walking in chronic stroke patients.
著者
Byung Joon Lee Hyun Gyu Cha Wan Hee Lee
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.11, pp.3162-3164, 2016 (Released:2016-11-29)
参考文献数
10

[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the effects on the trunk length and pelvic torsion of healthy individuals that arise from crossing the right leg while sitting. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects in this study were 30 healthy individuals consisting of 18 males and 12 females. The subjects were instructed to sit on a chair, the height of which was adjustable, so that their knee and hip joints were bent at 90°. For the study, they sat stripped to the waist, with the back and hips bare. They were then instructed to perform a one-leg-crossed sitting posture by placing the right leg on the top of the left knee. A spinal posture test was performed to measure the subjects’ trunk length and pelvic torsion by using a three-dimensional image-based spinal diagnostic system. [Results] The results of the three-dimensional spine examination showed statistically significant decreases in trunk length and pelvic torsion after the one-leg-crossed sitting posture. [Conclusion] In this study, the right leg-crossed sitting posture led to a decrease in the right trunk length with time and, in terms of pelvic torsion, increased the posterior rotation of the right pelvis when compared with the left pelvis.