著者
Małgorzata Grabara Janusz Szopa
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.2, pp.361-365, 2015 (Released:2015-02-17)
参考文献数
39
被引用文献数
6 8

[Purpose] The aim of this study was to access the flexibility of the spine in women practicing yoga as a part of the “University for Health” project. [Subjects and Methods] The study included 56 women ranging in age between 50–79 and attending 90 minutes hatha yoga sessions once a week. The measurements were performed twice-at the beginning of the project and after its completion, i.e., after 20 weeks of classes. The range of spine mobility in three planes was measured using a Rippstein plurimeter. The range of motion in the sagittal and frontal planes was measured in a standing position with the feet hip-width apart. The torsional range of motion of the subjects was measured with the trunk bent at a right angle and the legs apart. The flexibility ranges of the spine and hamstrings were also measured by the toe-touch test in a standing position. [Results] This study showed that the applied yoga exercises increased spinal mobility and flexibility of the hamstring muscles regardless of age. [Conclusion] Yoga exercises should be recommended to the elderly to make their muscles more flexible and to increase the range of motion in the joints, which is particularly important for improving their life quality.
著者
Eun-Kyung Kim Jin Seop Kim
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.11, pp.3136-3139, 2016 (Released:2016-11-29)
参考文献数
21
被引用文献数
5

[Purpose] The purpose of the present study is to apply short foot exercises and arch support insoles in order to improve the medial longitudinal arch of flatfoot and compare the results to identify the effects of the foregoing exercises on the dynamic balance of the feet and the lower limbs. [Subjects and Methods] Fourteen university students with flexible flatfoot were selected by conducting navicular drop tests and randomly assigned to a short foot exercise group of seven subjects and an arch support insoles group of seven subjects. The intervention in the experiment was implemented for 30 minutes per time, three times per week for five weeks in total. [Results] In inter-group comparison conducted through navicular drop tests and Y-balance tests, the short foot exercise group showed significant differences. Among intra-group comparisons, in navicular drop tests, the short foot exercise group showed significant decreases. In Y-balance tests, both the short foot exercise group and the arch support insoles group showed significant increases. [Conclusion] In the present study, it could be seen that to improve flatfoot, applying short foot exercises was more effective than applying arch support insoles in terms of medial longitudinal arch improvement and dynamic balance ability.
著者
Hani Mohammed Al-Abbad Hisham Mohammed Al-Haidary
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.1, pp.112-117, 2016 (Released:2016-01-30)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
1

[Purpose] To explore the views of the physical therapy service leaders in Saudi Arabia regarding the integration of physical therapy service in primary health care settings. [Subjects and Methods] A self-administered questionnaire consisting of both open and closed ended questions was distributed during May–July 2013 via email to physical therapy leaders representing different regions and health care providers in Saudi Arabia. [Results] Twenty-six participants answered the questionnaire. Eighty five percent of the sample had ≥ 10 years of experience with 57.6% of them holding a post-graduate degree. Participants were from different health care providers and represented different geographical regions of Saudi Arabia. Eighty one percent of the sample reported that the adoption of physical therapy services in primary health care would be advantageous, as it would offer earlier access to health care and would be more cost-effective. The respondents also stated that such a service would contribute towards the prevention of common non-communicable health diseases. [Conclusion] The results of this survey provide generally positive recommendations for the provision of physical therapy service in Saudi Arabia primary health care centers. However, challenges and barriers identified by this study require consideration during the development of the service.
著者
Moayad Al-subahi Mohamed Alayat Mansour Abdullah Alshehri Omar Helal Hammad Alhasan Ahmed Alalawi Abdullah Takrouni Ali Alfaqeh
出版者
The Society of Physical Therapy Science
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.9, pp.1689-1694, 2017 (Released:2017-09-15)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
1

[Purpose] The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of physical therapy interventions in the treatment of sacroiliac joint dysfunction (SIJD). [Subjects and Methods] MEDLINE, PUBMED, CINAHL, AMED, PEDro, and CIRRIE databases were searched and only relevant data from studies that matched the inclusion criteria were included. CASP tools for critical appraisal were used to assess the quality of studies included. [Results] Nine articles met the inclusion criteria, of which, three examined the effect of exercise on SIJD, three used kinesio tape and four studies examined the effect of manipulation. Various outcomes were used including the visual analogue pain scale (VAS), Oswestry disability questionnaire (ODQ), numerical pain rating scale (NPRS) and pelvic position measurement (PALM, pelvimeter and photogrammetry). The quality of included studies ranged from low to average as the CASP tools revealed several limitations that affect the validity of the studies. The results showed that physiotherapy interventions are effective in reducing pain and disability associated with SIJD, with manipulation being the most effective approach and most commonly used within physical therapy clinics. [Conclusion] Manipulation, exercise and kinesio tape are effective in the treatment of pain, disability and pelvic asymmetry in SIJD.
著者
Yasuaki Nakayama Yuto Tashiro Yusuke Suzuki Yu Kajiwara Hala Zeidan Mirei Kawagoe Yuki Yokota Takuya Sonoda Kanako Shimoura Masataka Tatsumi Kengo Nakai Yuichi Nishida Tsubasa Bito Soyoka Yoshimi Tomoki Aoyama
出版者
The Society of Physical Therapy Science
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.4, pp.630-635, 2018 (Released:2018-04-20)
参考文献数
40

[Purpose] Few studies on the transverse arch (TA) in the forefoot have been conducted. The forefoot is where pains occur most frequently and is related to walking and balance; hence, paying attention to TA is vital. However, the relationship between TA and foot muscles has not been investigated. Therefore, this study aims to investigate muscles related to TA. [Subjects and Methods] Nineteen healthy young males were included. Measurements of their feet, excluding one foot with recent foot pain (n=37), were obtained. The height of TA (TAH) was measured in two ways: during 10% and 90% loading of body weight. The cross-sectional area and thickness of five muscles were measured: flexor digitorum longus, peroneus longus and brevis, flexor hallucis brevis, flexor digitorum brevis (FDB) and abductor hallucis (ABH). All measurements were performed with an ultrasound device. [Results] FDB and ABH were correlated with TAH during 10% and 90% loading after removing the effect of body mass index and age. The greater FDB and ABH, the higher TAH. [Conclusion] As FDB becomes larger, the second, third and fourth metatarsal heads are raised more. Furthermore, the height of the first metatarsal head is lowered by a larger ABH. These mechanisms may increase TAH.
著者
Yuka Hamada Takuma Yanaoka Kyoko Kashiwabara Kuran Kurata Ryo Yamamoto Susumu Kanno Tomonori Ando Masashi Miyashita
出版者
The Society of Physical Therapy Science
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.4, pp.625-629, 2018 (Released:2018-04-20)
参考文献数
14

[Purpose] This study examined the effects of gum chewing while walking on physical and physiological functions. [Subjects and Methods] This study enrolled 46 male and female participants aged 21–69 years. In the experimental trial, participants walked at natural paces for 15 minutes while chewing two gum pellets after a 1-hour rest period. In the control trial, participants walked at natural paces for 15 minutes after ingesting powder containing the same ingredient, except the gum base, as the chewing gum. Heart rates, walking distances, walking speeds, steps, and energy expenditure were measured. [Results] Heart rates during walking and heart rate changes (i.e., from at rest to during walking) significantly increased during the gum trial compared with the control trial. Walking distance, walking speed, walking heart rate, and heart rate changes in male participants and walking heart rate and heart rate changes in female participants were significantly higher during the gum trial than the control trial. In middle-aged and elderly male participants aged ≥40 years, walking distance, walking speed, steps, and energy expenditure significantly increased during the gum trial than the control trial. [Conclusion] Gum chewing while walking measurably affects physical and physiological functions.
著者
Hirobumi Kawamura Tomohiko Nishigami Ayako Yamamoto Morihiro Tsujishita Kenichi Ito Nobuhisa Ohya Mineko Takagi
出版者
The Society of Physical Therapy Science
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.11, pp.1996-1999, 2017 (Released:2017-11-22)
参考文献数
18

[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to develop a proposal for an effective interventional option for therapeutic stimulation sites by comparing the pain-relieving effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) applied to the same dermatome level of the contralateral sites of the dorsal wrist joint with the pain or the neck, or both sites simultaneously. [Subjects and Methods] A control was first established by triggering pain in the left dorsal wrist joints of adult females by using heat stimulation. Three interventions were then performed, comprising the TENS to the contralateral wrist joint (CW) and to the neck (N) at the same dermatome level as the site of pain, and the TENS to both CW and N simultaneously (CWN). Levels of pain and cerebral blood flow were also measured. [Results] The pain levels of three interventions were found to be significantly decreased compared with the control; however, no significant differences in the levels of pain were seen between any combinations of three interventions. Furthermore, no significant differences were seen between any interventions in terms of cerebral blood flow. [Conclusion] The results suggest that in order for TENS to be effective, it is necessary to make effective use of the dermatome.
著者
Gunsoo Han Minhaeng Cho Gitaek Nam Taeyoung Moon Jeehee Kim Seonrye Kim Sungyoup Hong Byungjun Cho
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.1, pp.57-60, 2011 (Released:2011-04-28)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
10 10

[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate whether ten weeks of aquatic therapy exercise would increase low back muscle strength and reduce low back pain in 19 elderly subjects. [Subjects] Nineteen low back disorder patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups: an aquatic therapy exercise group (n=9), and a control group (n=10). [Methods] The aquatic therapy group participated five times a week for ten weeks in an aquatic exercise designed to strengthen the low back muscles. Data collection was done using a Cybex-770 system. [Results] The results show that the aquatic exercise significantly reduced visual analog scale pain by 52.1%. Significant improvements in low back muscle strength were found in the aquatic therapy group on peak torque of flexor in 180/sec by 48.31% and on peak torque of extensor in 180/sec by 152.85% . [Conclusion] Based on the results, we conclude that the ten weeks of aquatic therapy exercise can enhance low back muscle strength and reduce low back pain in elderly women.
著者
Han Suk Lee Jeung Hun Park
出版者
The Society of Physical Therapy Science
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.8, pp.2453-2456, 2015 (Released:2015-08-21)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
3 6

[Purpose] This study investigated the effects of Nordic walking on physical functions and depression in frail people aged 70 years and above. [Subjects] Twenty frail elderly individuals ≥70 years old were assigned to either a Nordic walking group (n=8) or general exercise group (n=10). [Methods] The duration of intervention was equal in both groups (3 sessions/week for 12 weeks, 60 min/session). Physical function (balance, upper extremity strength, lower extremity strength, weakness) and depression were examined before and after the interventions. [Results] With the exception of upper extremity muscle strength, lower extremity strength, weakness, balance, and depression after Nordic walking demonstrated statistically significant improvement. However, in the general exercise group, only balance demonstrated a statistically significant improvement after the intervention. There were significant differences in the changes in lower extremity muscle strength, weakness and depression between the groups. [Conclusion] In conclusion, Nordic walking was more effective than general exercise. Therefore, we suggest that Nordic walking may be an attractive option for significant functional improvement in frail people over 70 years old.
著者
Dalia Muhammed Al-Imam Hana Ibrahim Al-Sobayel
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, no.8, pp.1193-1198, 2014 (Released:2014-08-30)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
1 3

Burnout has been shown to be present in different health professions, but the prevalence among physiotherapists working in an Arabian setting has not been established. [Purpose] This study aimed to investigate the burnout levels of physiotherapists working in Saudi Arabia and the association of burnout with work and organization-related factors. [Subjects and Methods] A cross-sectional study was conducted at government hospitals in Saudi Arabia. One hundred and nineteen Saudi physiotherapists were included. They electronically completed a questionnaire that included the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Areas of Worklife Survey. [Results] Participants showed a moderate degree of burnout as reflected by mean scores of the three subscales of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. The majority of participants demonstrated moderate to high burnout levels across the three subscales. A significant association was found between the exhaustion subscale and the subspecialty in which participants worked. A strong association was found between workload and exhaustion subscale scores. [Conclusion] This study was the first to explore burnout and related factors among physiotherapists in an Arabian setting. A moderate degree of burnout and associations of burnout with work and organizational factors were found. The findings may help human resource planning and managing the physiotherapy services.
著者
Kazunori Okamura Shusaku Kanai Sadaaki Oki Satoshi Tanaka Naohisa Hirata Yoshiaki Sakamura Norikatsu Idemoto Hiroki Wada Akira Otsuka
出版者
The Society of Physical Therapy Science
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.6, pp.1001-1005, 2017 (Released:2017-06-07)
参考文献数
20

[Purpose] There are no reliable evidences that the weakening of intrinsic foot muscles causes the decrease of the medial longitudinal arch (MLA) height. The purpose of this study was to confirm whether the fatigue of intrinsic foot muscles decrease the MLA height during standing and gait using 3D motion analysis system. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty healthy male subjects participated in this study. Foot kinematics was measured using an Oxford Foot Model before and after fatigue-inducing exercises of the abductor hallucis and flexor hallucis brevis muscles. [Results] Following fatigue-inducing exercise, in both standing and gait, the MLA height did not decrease but slightly increased. In addition, the reduction of a rear foot eversion angle was noted. [Conclusion] Fatigue of the abductor hallucis and flexor hallucis brevis muscles did not cause a change associated with collapsing of the MLA during both standing and gait. This suggested that the MLA support force from these muscles would be compensated by other MLA support structures, such as extrinsic foot muscles.
著者
Sung Joon Yun Moon-Hwan Kim Jong-Hyuck Weon Young Kim Sung-Hoon Jung Oh-Yun Kwon
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.8, pp.2241-2244, 2016 (Released:2016-08-31)
参考文献数
26
被引用文献数
1

[Purpose] This study assessed the relationships between peak toe flexor muscle strength, ankle dorsiflexion range of motion, and countermovement jump height. [Subjects and Methods] Eighteen healthy volunteers participated in the study. Each participant completed tests for peak toe flexor muscle strength, ankle dorsiflexion range of motion, and countermovement jump height. [Results] The results showed (1) a moderate correlation between ankle dorsiflexion range of motion and countermovement jump height and (2) a high correlation between peak first toe flexor muscle strength and countermovement jump height. Peak first toe flexor muscle strength and ankle dorsiflexion range of motion are the main contributors to countermovement jump performance. [Conclusion] These findings indicate that the measurement of peak first toe flexor muscle strength and ankle dorsiflexion range of motion may be useful in clinical practice for improving jump performance in athletes training for sports such as volleyball and basketball.
著者
Jeong-Il Kang Young-Jun Moon Dae-Keun Jeong Hyun Choi Joon-Su Park Hyun-Ho Choi Young-Kee Song
出版者
The Society of Physical Therapy Science
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.7, pp.906-909, 2018 (Released:2018-07-03)
参考文献数
18

[Purpose] The current study aimed to identify the effects of dynamic neural mobilization on cerebral cortical activity in patients with stroke, and to present efficient intervention methods for stroke management. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 20 hemiplegic patients diagnosed with stroke over the past 6 months were sampled, and randomly divided into groups I (n=10) and II (n=10). Groups I and II underwent neural mobilization and dynamic neural mobilization, respectively, on the paralyzed arm. Both interventions were administered for 30 min, once a day, for 4 days a week, over a course of 4 weeks. β-waves and μ-rhythms in the C3 and C4 areas of the cerebral cortex were measured using electroencephalography, both before and after the intervention. [Results] After the intervention, both groups showed significant changes in the β-waves and μ-rhythms in the C3 area alone. Further, significant inter-group differences in the β-waves and μ-rhythms were only present in the C3 area. [Conclusion] Dynamic neural mobilization is an efficient intervention because it increases β-waves and μ-rhythms in the cerebral cortex. Therefore, the effects of continuous intervention programs involving dynamic neural mobilization in patients with stroke should be investigated in the future.
著者
Juhwan Lee Shinjun Park
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.10, pp.1712-1714, 2017 (Released:2017-10-21)
参考文献数
20

[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between physical capacity and fear avoidance beliefs in patients with chronic low back pain. [Subjects and Methods] This cross sectional study included 131 male university students with chronic low back pain. All the patients completed a fear avoidance beliefs questionnaire. Each participant performed a physical capacity test, which included hand grip force, leg strength, abdominal muscle endurance, flexibility, and cardiopulmonary endurance testing. [Results] Negative correlation was observed between physical capacity (leg strength, abdominal muscle endurance) and fear avoidance beliefs regarding work. Physical capacity (hand grip force, leg strength, cardiopulmonary endurance) showed a negative correlation with fear avoidance beliefs about physical activity. Abdominal muscle endurance and cardiopulmonary endurance were predictors of fear avoidance beliefs. [Conclusion] Physical capacity showed a negative correlation with fear avoidance beliefs in patients with chronic low back pain. The results of this study suggest that physical capacity is an important factor for predicting fear avoidance beliefs in patients with chronic low back pain.
著者
Ji-Hyun Lee Sangyong Lee SeokJoo Choi Yoon-Hee Choi Kwansub Lee
出版者
The Society of Physical Therapy Science
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.3, pp.536-538, 2017 (Released:2017-03-22)
参考文献数
17
被引用文献数
1 1

[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of extracorporeal shock wave therapy on the pain and function of patients with degenerative knee arthritis. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty patients with degenerative knee arthritis were divided into a conservative physical therapy group (n=10) and an extracorporeal shock wave therapy group (n=10). Both groups received general conservative physical therapy, and the extracorporeal shock wave therapy was additionally treated with extracorporeal shock wave therapy after receiving conservative physical therapy. Both groups were treated three times a week over a four-week period. The visual analogue scale was used to evaluate pain in the knee joints of the subjects, and the Korean Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index was used to evaluate the function of the subjects. [Results] The comparison of the visual analogue scale and Korean Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index scores within each group before and after the treatment showed statistically significant declines in scores in both the conservative physical therapy group and extracorporeal shock wave therapy group. A group comparison after the treatment showed statistically significant differences in these scores in the extracorporeal shock wave therapy group and the conservative physical therapy group. [Conclusion] extracorporeal shock wave therapy may be a useful nonsurgical intervention for reducing the pain of patients with degenerative knee arthritis and improving these patients’ function.
著者
Tadasuke Ohnishi Mitsumasa Hida Yukio Nakamura Chikamune Wada
出版者
The Society of Physical Therapy Science
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.3, pp.474-478, 2018 (Released:2018-03-02)
参考文献数
23

[Purpose] It is clinically important to accurately evaluate the alignment of hindfoot alignment from the body surface in weight-bearing position. In general, measurement is carried out using a goniometer, but the measurement with goniometer requires experience, and the reliability in this measurement is also in question. Therefore, it is necessary to establish a clinical measurement method to replace the goniometer. As a solution, we devised a hindfoot alignment measurement method with laser beam (HAML), which measures hindfoot alignment along the body surface using a laser beam. This study aimed to study the correlation between the measurement result along the body surface with laser or goniometer and that of radiography with regard to hindfoot alignment. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects included 23 individuals with knee osteoarthritis. Their hindfoot alignment using radiography and goniometry were measured. The correlation between the measurement result along the body surface with or without laser and radiography was investigated. [Results] The correlation between HAML and radiography was better than that between HAML and goniometry. [Conclusion] The correlation between radiography and HAML for measuring hindfoot alignment was good. This finding implies that HAML can be used as a screening test or epidemiological survey in regional medicine.
著者
Takaya Maeda Hideki Yoshida Tomoyuki Sasaki Atsushi Oda
出版者
The Society of Physical Therapy Science
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.10, pp.1860-1864, 2017 (Released:2017-10-21)
参考文献数
20

[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate whether transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation simultaneously combined with local heat and cold applications enhances pain relief compared with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation alone in patients with knee osteoarthritis. [Subjects and Methods] Fourty-five patients with knee osteoarthritis participated in this study. They were randomly assigned to the following three interventions: transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation simultaneously combined with local heat using a hot pack; combined with local cold using a cold pack; and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation alone. In each intervention, the knee pain level during walking and standing up from a chair, as well as dynamic balance and gait ability were evaluated immediately before and after a single intervention using the visual analogue scale and the timed up & go test, respectively. [Results] A significant improvement in dynamic balance and gait ability was only observed immediately after transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation simultaneously combined with local heat application, although the degree of pain relief during standing and walking were comparable among the three interventions. [Conclusion] These results suggest that transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation simultaneously combined with local heat application can immediately improve not only knee pain during standing and walking but also dynamic balance and gait ability in patients with knee osteoarthritis.
著者
Jung-Hyun Choi Nyeon-Jun Kim
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.1, pp.139-142, 2015 (Released:2015-01-09)
参考文献数
40
被引用文献数
2 3

[Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the effects of balance training and muscle training around the ankle joints on the gait of elderly people who have experienced a fall. [Subjects] Twenty-six elderly people with a risk of falling and a Berg Balance Scale score of 37 to 50 points who had experienced a fall in the last year were randomly and equally assigned to either a balance training group or an ankle training group. The balance training group received training on a hard floor, training while maintaining balance on a cushion ball in a standing position, and training while maintaining balance on an unstable platform in a standing position; the ankle training group received training to strengthen the muscles around the ankle joints and conducted stretch exercise for the muscles around the ankle joints. [Results] There were significant changes in gait velocity, step length, and stride length in the balance training group after the intervention; there were significant changes in gait velocity, cadence, step time, cycle time, step length, and stride length in the ankle training group after the intervention. In a between-group comparison, the gait velocity of the balance training group showed a significant improvement compared with the ankle training group. [Conclusion] Both balance training and ankle joint training are effective in enhancing the gait ability of elderly people with a risk of falling; in particular, balance training is effective in improving the gait velocity of elderly people who have experienced a fall compared with ankle joint training.
著者
Ryutaro Matsugaki Toru Akebi Hideo Shitama Futoshi Wada Satoru Saeki
出版者
The Society of Physical Therapy Science
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.2, pp.262-265, 2018 (Released:2018-02-22)
参考文献数
18

[Purpose] To verify the immediate effects of exercise therapy on cancer-related fatigue (CRF) in cancer patients. [Subjects and Methods] Eighteen cancer patients who performed exercise therapy targeting a rating of 4 (somewhat strong) on the Borg category-ratio scale (CR-10) were enrolled. CRF was evaluated using the Cancer Fatigue Scale (CFS). CFS was evaluated in clinical practice immediately before and after exercise therapy on the 1st or 2nd day of physiotherapy for CRF management. CFS scores before and after exercise were compared to determine how CRF changed due to exercise therapy. [Results] CFS physical, CFS affective, CFS cognitive, and CFS total all decreased following exercise therapy, and the changes in CFS physical and CFS total were statistically significant. The effect sizes for CFS physical and CFS total were “medium”, and for CFS affective and CFS cognitive “small.” [Conclusion] These findings suggest that exercise therapy targeting a rating of 4 (somewhat strong) on the CR-10 can immediately reduce CRF in cancer patients.
著者
Semra Aktürk Arzu Kaya Derya Çetintaş Gürkan Akgöl Arif Gülkesen Gül Ayden Kal Tülin Güçer
出版者
The Society of Physical Therapy Science
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.3, pp.448-453, 2018 (Released:2018-03-02)
参考文献数
27

[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to compare effectiveness of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT), ultrasound (US) and sham ESWT in the treatment of myofascial pain syndrome (MPS). [Subjects and Methods] Sixty MPS patients aged 18–60 years were included in the study. The patients were randomized equally into 3 groups. Group 1 received ESWT for 4 session with 3 day-intervals. Group 2 received 4 sessions of sham ESWT. US was applied to Group 3 for 10 sessions. All patients were recommended an exercise program. The patients were evaluated before-post and 6 weeks after treatment. Measurements were made using pressure pain threshold (PPT), pain score (PS) and visual analogue scale (VAS). Patients were evaluated by using SF-36 and HADS (hospital anxiety and depression scale). [Results] A significant posttreatment difference was found in VAS, PPT and SF-36 subparameters in group 1. In group 2, a significant difference was not found in any parameter. In group 3, a significant difference was detected in parameters of VAS and PPT. A significant difference was found between groups 1 and 2 as for subtitles of PPT, VAS, SF-36. [Conclusion] These results suggest that ESWT is as effective as US. ESWT and US are significantly more effective than sham ESWT.