著者
Małgorzata Grabara Janusz Szopa
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.2, pp.361-365, 2015 (Released:2015-02-17)
参考文献数
39
被引用文献数
6 9

[Purpose] The aim of this study was to access the flexibility of the spine in women practicing yoga as a part of the “University for Health” project. [Subjects and Methods] The study included 56 women ranging in age between 50–79 and attending 90 minutes hatha yoga sessions once a week. The measurements were performed twice-at the beginning of the project and after its completion, i.e., after 20 weeks of classes. The range of spine mobility in three planes was measured using a Rippstein plurimeter. The range of motion in the sagittal and frontal planes was measured in a standing position with the feet hip-width apart. The torsional range of motion of the subjects was measured with the trunk bent at a right angle and the legs apart. The flexibility ranges of the spine and hamstrings were also measured by the toe-touch test in a standing position. [Results] This study showed that the applied yoga exercises increased spinal mobility and flexibility of the hamstring muscles regardless of age. [Conclusion] Yoga exercises should be recommended to the elderly to make their muscles more flexible and to increase the range of motion in the joints, which is particularly important for improving their life quality.
著者
Eun-Kyung Kim Jin Seop Kim
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.11, pp.3136-3139, 2016 (Released:2016-11-29)
参考文献数
21
被引用文献数
14

[Purpose] The purpose of the present study is to apply short foot exercises and arch support insoles in order to improve the medial longitudinal arch of flatfoot and compare the results to identify the effects of the foregoing exercises on the dynamic balance of the feet and the lower limbs. [Subjects and Methods] Fourteen university students with flexible flatfoot were selected by conducting navicular drop tests and randomly assigned to a short foot exercise group of seven subjects and an arch support insoles group of seven subjects. The intervention in the experiment was implemented for 30 minutes per time, three times per week for five weeks in total. [Results] In inter-group comparison conducted through navicular drop tests and Y-balance tests, the short foot exercise group showed significant differences. Among intra-group comparisons, in navicular drop tests, the short foot exercise group showed significant decreases. In Y-balance tests, both the short foot exercise group and the arch support insoles group showed significant increases. [Conclusion] In the present study, it could be seen that to improve flatfoot, applying short foot exercises was more effective than applying arch support insoles in terms of medial longitudinal arch improvement and dynamic balance ability.
著者
Hani Mohammed Al-Abbad Hisham Mohammed Al-Haidary
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.1, pp.112-117, 2016 (Released:2016-01-30)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
2

[Purpose] To explore the views of the physical therapy service leaders in Saudi Arabia regarding the integration of physical therapy service in primary health care settings. [Subjects and Methods] A self-administered questionnaire consisting of both open and closed ended questions was distributed during May–July 2013 via email to physical therapy leaders representing different regions and health care providers in Saudi Arabia. [Results] Twenty-six participants answered the questionnaire. Eighty five percent of the sample had ≥ 10 years of experience with 57.6% of them holding a post-graduate degree. Participants were from different health care providers and represented different geographical regions of Saudi Arabia. Eighty one percent of the sample reported that the adoption of physical therapy services in primary health care would be advantageous, as it would offer earlier access to health care and would be more cost-effective. The respondents also stated that such a service would contribute towards the prevention of common non-communicable health diseases. [Conclusion] The results of this survey provide generally positive recommendations for the provision of physical therapy service in Saudi Arabia primary health care centers. However, challenges and barriers identified by this study require consideration during the development of the service.
著者
濱田 桂佑 佐々木 誠
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
理学療法科学 (ISSN:13411667)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.3, pp.463-467, 2008 (Released:2008-07-28)
参考文献数
15
被引用文献数
5 4

〔目的〕本研究の目的は,静的ストレッチングがジャンプ能力に及ぼす効果について,生理学面ならびに機能面の2つの側面から検討することである。〔対象〕対象は,健常学生20名であった。〔方法〕静的ストレッチング前後で,生理学面として伸張反射の潜時,機能面として等運動性筋力(60 deg/secと240 deg/sec),ジャンプ能力として垂直跳び,立ち幅跳びを計測した。〔結果〕各項目を静的ストレッチング前後で比較したところ,ストレッチング後に伸張反射発現までの潜時,60 deg/secの筋力,垂直跳び,立ち幅跳びは有意に低下していた。〔結語〕静的ストレッチングを行った後にジャンプ能力が低下した。その原因として,筋紡錘の感受性低下ならびにゴルジ腱器官の関与による,筋緊張の調節にかかわる中枢神経系の筋緊張抑制メカニズムに基づく筋緊張低下に伴う筋力低下に加えて,伸張反射発現までの時間の延長によって筋収縮にタイミングの遅れが生じたことが示唆された。
著者
藤本 修平 小向 佳奈子 杉田 翔 小林 資英
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
理学療法科学 (ISSN:13411667)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.4, pp.669-674, 2018 (Released:2018-08-21)
参考文献数
26

〔目的〕リハビリ分野のRCT論文において,研究結果を印象付けるために本来目的とした結果以外を強調するSPINについて検証することとした.〔対象と方法〕対象文献の検索は MEDLINEなどを用いた.本文中に主要アウトカムが明記されておらず,かつ主要アウトカムの結果が統計的に有意差を認めるものは除外した.SPINは,抄録と本文の内容を比較し,主要アウトカムが有意でないものの介入の利益を強調するように記載しているか評価した.〔結果〕SPINであった抄録は32/42件(76.2%)で,本文の結果では20/42件(47.6%)であった.〔結語〕リハビリ分野のRCT論文の内容は,抄録の内容や本文の結果,考察からのみから判断することの危険性が示唆された.
著者
上條 史子 山本 澄子
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
理学療法科学 (ISSN:13411667)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, no.3, pp.445-450, 2016 (Released:2016-07-06)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
1

〔目的〕体幹機能評価として用いられるTrunk Impairment Scale(TIS)と歩容との関係を片麻痺者で検討することである.〔対象〕男性片麻痺者14名とした.〔方法〕三次元動作解析システムを用い,対象者の歩行を計測した.また,対象者の体幹機能はTISを用いて評価し,歩行中の体幹の動態とTISの項目との関係を検討した.〔結果〕麻痺側立脚後期の体幹の動態とTISの動的項目・協調性項目の結果に関係が認められた.特に骨盤と中部体幹間の回旋とTISに相関が認められた.〔結語〕TISの動的項目と協調性項目は,片麻痺者での歩行中の体幹の動態を評価できると示唆された.特に,立脚後期の体軸内回旋を反映すると考えられた.
著者
山本 裕晃 伊良部 諒馬
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
理学療法科学 (ISSN:13411667)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.35, no.2, pp.279-282, 2020 (Released:2020-04-20)
参考文献数
13

〔目的〕高齢者を対象に下肢反復開閉運動による敏捷性運動が歩行速度に与える即時的な影響について検討し,下肢反復開閉運動のトレーニングとしての有用性を見出すこととした.〔方法〕対象は65歳以上の高齢者14名(男性4名,女性10名,平均年齢73.1 ± 5.4歳,身長158.1 ± 11.2 cm,体重53.2 ± 12.2 kg,BMI 21.2 ± 3.8 kg/m2)とした.下肢反復開閉運動前後の歩行速度を測定し,比較検討した.〔結果〕下肢反復開閉運動前と比較して下肢反復開閉運動後は歩行速度が有意に高く,下肢反復開閉運動が歩行速度に与える即時的な影響が確認された.〔結論〕高齢者は下肢反復開閉運動により歩行速度に即時的な影響を与えることが確認され,下肢反復開閉運動のトレーニングとしての有用性が示唆された.
著者
Gunsoo Han Minhaeng Cho Gitaek Nam Taeyoung Moon Jeehee Kim Seonrye Kim Sungyoup Hong Byungjun Cho
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.1, pp.57-60, 2011 (Released:2011-04-28)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
10 14

[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate whether ten weeks of aquatic therapy exercise would increase low back muscle strength and reduce low back pain in 19 elderly subjects. [Subjects] Nineteen low back disorder patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups: an aquatic therapy exercise group (n=9), and a control group (n=10). [Methods] The aquatic therapy group participated five times a week for ten weeks in an aquatic exercise designed to strengthen the low back muscles. Data collection was done using a Cybex-770 system. [Results] The results show that the aquatic exercise significantly reduced visual analog scale pain by 52.1%. Significant improvements in low back muscle strength were found in the aquatic therapy group on peak torque of flexor in 180/sec by 48.31% and on peak torque of extensor in 180/sec by 152.85% . [Conclusion] Based on the results, we conclude that the ten weeks of aquatic therapy exercise can enhance low back muscle strength and reduce low back pain in elderly women.
著者
古谷 友希 柊 幸伸
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
理学療法科学 (ISSN:13411667)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, no.6, pp.835-838, 2017 (Released:2017-12-20)
参考文献数
11
被引用文献数
1

〔目的〕加速度センサを使用し,衝撃吸収が行われる主な部位を明らかにすることを目的とした.〔対象と方法〕対象者は男性11名,平均20.8±2.44歳の健常者を実験対象とした.踵骨部,腓骨部,大腿外側部の合計3台のセンサからデータを集積し,Friedman検定(Tukeyの方法)を用いて統計的有意差を検討した.〔結果〕踵骨部,腓骨頭部,大腿部での加速度(deg/sec/BW/WS)はそれぞれ4.2 ± 1.2,0.2 ± 0.03,0.1 ± 0.06だった.同様の部位のRMS(m/s2rms/WS2)はそれぞれ68.7 ± 20.9,5.4 ± 0.8,3.7 ± 1.6だった.踵骨部での加速度と腓骨部での加速度,踵骨部での加速度と大腿部での加速度の間において有意に差があった(p<0.01).腓骨部での加速度と大腿部での加速度の間に有意な差はなかった.踵骨部でのRMS値と腓骨頭部でのRMS値の間において有意に差があった(p<0.05),踵骨部でのRMS値と大腿部でのRMS値の間において有意に差があった(p<0.01).腓骨頭部でのRMS値と大腿部でのRMS値の間に有意な差はなかった.〔結語〕正常歩行中の衝撃は足関節で多く吸収されていることが判明した.
著者
Dalia Muhammed Al-Imam Hana Ibrahim Al-Sobayel
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, no.8, pp.1193-1198, 2014 (Released:2014-08-30)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
1 6

Burnout has been shown to be present in different health professions, but the prevalence among physiotherapists working in an Arabian setting has not been established. [Purpose] This study aimed to investigate the burnout levels of physiotherapists working in Saudi Arabia and the association of burnout with work and organization-related factors. [Subjects and Methods] A cross-sectional study was conducted at government hospitals in Saudi Arabia. One hundred and nineteen Saudi physiotherapists were included. They electronically completed a questionnaire that included the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Areas of Worklife Survey. [Results] Participants showed a moderate degree of burnout as reflected by mean scores of the three subscales of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. The majority of participants demonstrated moderate to high burnout levels across the three subscales. A significant association was found between the exhaustion subscale and the subspecialty in which participants worked. A strong association was found between workload and exhaustion subscale scores. [Conclusion] This study was the first to explore burnout and related factors among physiotherapists in an Arabian setting. A moderate degree of burnout and associations of burnout with work and organizational factors were found. The findings may help human resource planning and managing the physiotherapy services.
著者
鵜崎 智史 坂口 顕 川口 浩太郎 塚越 累 日高 正巳 藤岡 宏幸
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
理学療法科学 (ISSN:13411667)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.6, pp.945-949, 2015 (Released:2016-01-09)
参考文献数
19

〔目的〕筋損傷後の筋収縮力回復に対する微弱電流刺激(MES)の効果を明らかにするため,筋損傷モデルラットを用いた介入実験をおこなった.〔対象〕対象は10週齢Wistar系雌ラットとした.〔方法〕すべてのラットの左腓腹筋に筋挫傷を作成したのち,非介入群とMESを実施する群に分けた.MESは受傷翌日より毎日30分間実施した.評価項目を左足関節底屈の筋収縮力とし,受傷4日目より毎日測定し,非介入群とMES群で比較した.〔結果〕受傷6日目のMES群の筋収縮力が非介入群より有意に高くなった.〔結語〕筋損傷後にMESを実施することで,筋収縮力の回復を早める効果があることが示唆された.
著者
Sung Joon Yun Moon-Hwan Kim Jong-Hyuck Weon Young Kim Sung-Hoon Jung Oh-Yun Kwon
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.8, pp.2241-2244, 2016 (Released:2016-08-31)
参考文献数
26
被引用文献数
5

[Purpose] This study assessed the relationships between peak toe flexor muscle strength, ankle dorsiflexion range of motion, and countermovement jump height. [Subjects and Methods] Eighteen healthy volunteers participated in the study. Each participant completed tests for peak toe flexor muscle strength, ankle dorsiflexion range of motion, and countermovement jump height. [Results] The results showed (1) a moderate correlation between ankle dorsiflexion range of motion and countermovement jump height and (2) a high correlation between peak first toe flexor muscle strength and countermovement jump height. Peak first toe flexor muscle strength and ankle dorsiflexion range of motion are the main contributors to countermovement jump performance. [Conclusion] These findings indicate that the measurement of peak first toe flexor muscle strength and ankle dorsiflexion range of motion may be useful in clinical practice for improving jump performance in athletes training for sports such as volleyball and basketball.
著者
石井 秀明 西田 裕介
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
理学療法科学 (ISSN:13411667)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.5, pp.761-766, 2009 (Released:2009-11-25)
参考文献数
28

理学療法において,スキルの向上を図ることは重要である。スキルの向上の要素の一つの要因として,いかに疲労せずに課題を遂行できるかということが含まれる。しかし,疲労のメカニズムは,未解明のままである。そのため,理学療法プログラムの立案の際には,頭を悩ます問題である。そこで,疲労のメカニズムを解明することは重要であると考えられる。本稿では,疲労のメカニズムの定説であった末梢性疲労モデルの基礎であるHillらの研究から疲労の原因を明確にし,最新の研究から末梢性疲労モデルの限界を示唆する。そして,脳科学からみた新たな疲労のメカニズムを紹介し,その新たな疲労のメカニズムの理学療法への応用を紹介する。
著者
牧迫 飛雄馬 阿部 勉 藤井 伸一 住谷 久美子 吉松 竜貴 徳原 理恵 小林 修二 久保 晃
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
理学療法科学 (ISSN:13411667)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, no.3, pp.203-206, 2005 (Released:2005-09-02)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
2 1

在宅における歩行能力評価としての可能性を探ることを目的に,1.5 m,5 mおよび10 m歩行を分析し,その妥当性を検討した。対象は,理学療法を実施している入院患者40例(平均年齢70±12歳)で,快適および最大速度歩行中の1.5 m,5 m,10 mの各地点を通過した所要時間,歩数を計測し,歩行速度,歩行率,歩幅を比較した。その結果,快適および最大歩行ともに歩行距離による歩行速度,歩行率,歩幅の有意差は認めなかった。また,歩行速度,歩行率,歩幅ともに快適速度,最大速度条件において1.5 m歩行は5 m歩行,10 m歩行のそれぞれと有意に高い相関関係を認めた。以上より,1.5 mでの歩行測定は,5 m歩行および10 m歩行同様に歩行能力評価指標のひとつとして活用できる可能性があると考えられた。
著者
世古 俊明 隈元 庸夫 高橋 由依 金子 諒介 田中 昌史 信太 雅洋
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
理学療法科学 (ISSN:13411667)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.6, pp.857-860, 2014 (Released:2015-01-21)
参考文献数
15
被引用文献数
4

〔目的〕大殿筋,中殿筋の筋活動量を運動の違いで,股伸展,外転トルク値を肢位の違いで比較検討すること.〔対象と方法〕健常成人男性10名の大殿筋,中殿筋,大腿二頭筋,腰部背筋を導出筋とした.運動は股伸展と外転とし,側臥位での股屈曲90度,0度,伸展15度の3肢位で実施した.また運動時の股伸展,外転トルク値を測定した.〔結果〕大殿筋の筋活動量は伸展15度では伸展運動時に,屈曲90度では外転運動時に高値を示した.中殿筋の筋活動量に,差は認められなかった.股伸展トルク値は肢位の違いで差は認められず,外転トルク値は屈曲0度で高値を示した.〔結語〕大殿筋,中殿筋の解剖学的筋走行の特性が筋電図学的に裏付けられた.
著者
Juhwan Lee Shinjun Park
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.10, pp.1712-1714, 2017 (Released:2017-10-21)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
5

[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between physical capacity and fear avoidance beliefs in patients with chronic low back pain. [Subjects and Methods] This cross sectional study included 131 male university students with chronic low back pain. All the patients completed a fear avoidance beliefs questionnaire. Each participant performed a physical capacity test, which included hand grip force, leg strength, abdominal muscle endurance, flexibility, and cardiopulmonary endurance testing. [Results] Negative correlation was observed between physical capacity (leg strength, abdominal muscle endurance) and fear avoidance beliefs regarding work. Physical capacity (hand grip force, leg strength, cardiopulmonary endurance) showed a negative correlation with fear avoidance beliefs about physical activity. Abdominal muscle endurance and cardiopulmonary endurance were predictors of fear avoidance beliefs. [Conclusion] Physical capacity showed a negative correlation with fear avoidance beliefs in patients with chronic low back pain. The results of this study suggest that physical capacity is an important factor for predicting fear avoidance beliefs in patients with chronic low back pain.
著者
Jung-Hyun Choi Nyeon-Jun Kim
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.1, pp.139-142, 2015 (Released:2015-01-09)
参考文献数
40
被引用文献数
2 8

[Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the effects of balance training and muscle training around the ankle joints on the gait of elderly people who have experienced a fall. [Subjects] Twenty-six elderly people with a risk of falling and a Berg Balance Scale score of 37 to 50 points who had experienced a fall in the last year were randomly and equally assigned to either a balance training group or an ankle training group. The balance training group received training on a hard floor, training while maintaining balance on a cushion ball in a standing position, and training while maintaining balance on an unstable platform in a standing position; the ankle training group received training to strengthen the muscles around the ankle joints and conducted stretch exercise for the muscles around the ankle joints. [Results] There were significant changes in gait velocity, step length, and stride length in the balance training group after the intervention; there were significant changes in gait velocity, cadence, step time, cycle time, step length, and stride length in the ankle training group after the intervention. In a between-group comparison, the gait velocity of the balance training group showed a significant improvement compared with the ankle training group. [Conclusion] Both balance training and ankle joint training are effective in enhancing the gait ability of elderly people with a risk of falling; in particular, balance training is effective in improving the gait velocity of elderly people who have experienced a fall compared with ankle joint training.
著者
室伏 祐介 岡上 裕介 中平 真矢 前田 貴之 永野 靖典 池内 昌彦 川上 照彦
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
理学療法科学 (ISSN:13411667)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, no.4, pp.597-600, 2016 (Released:2016-08-31)
参考文献数
15

〔目的〕等張性外転運動における筋活動より,中殿筋に対し小殿筋を優位に鍛える方法を検討することとした.〔対象と方法〕対象は,健常成人14名とした.小殿筋と中殿筋にワイヤ電極を留置し,最大筋力20%,40%,60%の負荷量での等張性外転運動による,積分値,平均周波数を算出した.〔結果〕全ての段階の負荷量において小殿筋の方が中殿筋よりも筋活動が高かった.さらに,筋活動量の割合(小殿筋/中殿筋)は最大筋力20%の負荷量において高かった.また,平均周波数は負荷量ごとに違いは認められなかった.〔考察〕等張性外転運動で中殿筋に対し小殿筋を優位に鍛えるためには低負荷が良い.
著者
Young-Ran Yeun
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.2, pp.365-369, 2017 (Released:2017-02-24)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
2

[Purpose] This study was conducted to identify and analyze the degree of effect of massage therapy on the range of motion of the shoulder. [Subjects and Methods] The database search was conducted using PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO, RISS, NDSL, NANET, DBpia, and KoreaMed. The meta-analysis was based on 7 studies, covered a total of 237 participants, and used a random-effects model. [Results] The effect size estimate showed that massage therapy significantly improved the shoulder range of motion, especially the flexion (SMD: 18.21, 95% CI 1.57–34.85) and abduction (SMD: 22.07, 95% CI 5.84–38.30). [Conclusion] The review findings suggest that massage therapy is effective in improving the shoulder flexion and abduction.
著者
Sherin Hassan M. Mehani
出版者
理学療法科学学会
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.9, pp.1527-1533, 2017 (Released:2017-09-15)
参考文献数
47

[Purpose] Counteracting the systemic cytokine release and its inflammatory effects by improving respiratory muscle strength and controlling lung inflammation may be important for improving immune system in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, So the aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of low level laser therapy and inspiratory muscle training on interleukin-6 (IL-6) as a marker of inflammation and CD4+/CD8+ ratio as a marker for T Lymphocytes in these patients. [Subjects and Methods] Forty male patients with stable COPD participated in the study, their ages ranged between 55−65 years. They were randomly divided into group (A) who received inspiratory muscle training and group (B) who received low level laser (LLL) acupuncture stimulation for about 8 week. [Results] There was a reduction in the concentration of plasma IL-6 associated with an increase in CD4+/CD8+ ratio in both groups, but laser was superior to inspiratory muscle training. IL-6 and CD4+/CD8+ were negatively correlated. [Conclusion] Both inspiratory muscle training and low level laser therapy are effective physical therapy modalities in promoting immune disturbances. The results also supported the superior role of LLLT over IMT in managing immune disturbances.