- The Japanese Circulation Society
- Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
- vol.1, no.3, pp.142-148, 2019-03-08 (Released:2019-03-08)
Background: The outcome of redo transcatheter aortic valve (TAV) implantation (TAVI) is unknown for TAV structural valve degeneration (SVD). This paper reports the initial results of redo TAVI for TAV-SVD in Japanese patients. Methods and Results: Of 630 consecutive patients, 6 (1.0%) underwent redo TAVI for TAV-SVD (689–1,932 days after the first TAVI). The first TAV were 23-mm balloon-expandable valves (BEV, n=5) and a 26-mm self-expandable valve (SEV, n=1). All patients underwent multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) before redo TAVI, which showed first-TAV under-expansion (range, 19.1–21.0 mm) compared with the label size. Two BEV and 4 SEV were successfully implanted as second TAV, without moderate/severe regurgitation or 30-day mortality. One of 2 patients with a BEV-inside-BEV implantation had a high transvalvular mean pressure gradient post-procedurally (34 mmHg) and required surgical valve replacement 248 days after the redo TAVI. This, however, was unnoted in patients with SEV implantation during redo TAVI. Planned coronary artery bypass grafting was concomitantly performed in 1 patient with a small sino-tubular junction and SEV-inside-SEV implantation because of the risk of coronary malperfusion caused by the first TAV leaflets. Five of the 6 patients survived during the follow-up period (range, 285–1,503 days). Conclusions: Redo TAVI for TAV-SVD appears safe and feasible, while specific strategies based on MDCT and device selection seem important for better outcomes.