著者
Takashi Kuragaichi Yuma Kurozumi Shogo Ohishi Yasuo Sugano Akihiro Sakashita Norihiko Kotooka Makoto Suzuki Taiki Higo Dai Yumino Yasuko Takada Seiko Maeda Saori Yamabe Koichi Washida Tomonori Takahashi Tomohito Ohtani Yasushi Sakata Yukihito Sato
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-17-1305, (Released:2018-03-10)
参考文献数
45
被引用文献数
3

Background:Palliative care for heart failure (HF) patients is recommended in Western guidelines, so this study aimed to clarify the current status of palliative care for HF patients in Japan.Methods and Results:A survey was sent to all Japanese Circulation Society-authorized cardiology training hospitals (n=1,004) in August 2016. A total of 544 institutions (54%) returned the questionnaire. Of them, 527 (98%) answered that palliative care is necessary for patients with HF. A total of 227 (42%) institutions held a palliative care conference for patients with HF, and 79% of the institutions had <10 cases per year. Drug therapy as palliative care was administered at 403 (76%) institutions; morphine (87%) was most frequently used. Among sedatives, dexmedetomidine (33%) was administered more often than midazolam (29%) or propofol (20%). Regarding the timing of end-of-life care, most institutions (84%) reported having considered palliative care when a patient reached the terminal stage of HF. Most frequently, the reason for the decision at the terminal stage was “difficulty in discontinuing cardiotonics.” A major impediment to the delivery of palliative care was “difficulty predicting an accurate prognosis.”Conclusions:This large-scale survey showed the characteristics of palliative care for HF in Japan. The present findings may aid in the development of effective end-of-life care systems.
著者
Nobuaki Tanaka Koji Tanaka Yuichi Ninomiya Yuko Hirao Takafumi Oka Masato Okada Hiroyuki Inoue Ryo Nakamaru Kohtaro Takayasu Ryo Kitagaki Yasushi Koyama Atsunori Okamura Katsuomi Iwakura Yasushi Sakata Kenshi Fujii Koichi Inoue
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-18-1035, (Released:2019-02-06)
参考文献数
25

Background: Automated ablation lesion annotation with optimal settings for parameters including contact force (CF) and catheter stability may be effective for achieving durable pulmonary vein isolation. Methods and Results: We retrospectively examined 131 consecutive patients who underwent initial catheter ablation (CA) for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) by automatic annotation system (VISITAG module)-guided radiofrequency CA (RFCA) (n=61) and 2nd-generation cryoballoon ablation (CBA) (n=70) in terms of safety and long-term efficacy. The automatic annotation criteria for the RFCA group were as follows: catheter stability range of motion ≤1.5 mm, duration ≥5 s, and CF ≥5 g. We ablated for >20 s with a force-time integral >150 gs at each site, before moving to the next site. Each interlesion distance was <6 mm. Procedural complications were more frequent in the CBA group (1.6% vs. 10.0%, P=0.034). Across a median follow-up of 2.98 years, 88.5% and 70.0% of patients in the RFCA and CBA groups, respectively, were free from recurrence (log-rank test, P=0.0039). There was also a significant difference in favor of RFCA with respect to repeat ablations (3.3% vs. 24.3%, log-rank test, P=0.0003). Conclusions: RF ablation guided by an automated algorithm that includes CF and catheter stability parameters showed better long-term outcomes than CBA in the treatment of patients with PAF without increasing complications.
著者
Hiroya Mizuno Tomohito Otani Yasushi Sakata
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-16-0981, (Released:2016-10-12)
参考文献数
12
被引用文献数
1

From August 27th to 31st, the 2016 Annual Congress of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC 2016) was held in Fiera di Roma, Italy. Despite the socially unstable situation, more than 32,000 attendees, including clinical physicians, basic researchers, medical students, and paramedical personnel, as well as 5,000 exhibitors from 106 countries gathered in this historical city to share the latest findings and to discuss the present issues in cardiovascular medicine. There were scientific sessions, including 28 Hot Lines, 26 clinical trial updates, 24 registry studies, and 5 clinical practice guideline sessions. Japan had 1,170 attendees, with 1,743 submitted and 670 accepted abstracts, including the NIPPON trial presented in the hotline session. From 2011 to 2016, Japan has been the first abstract submitter and has had the most abstracts accepted, which indicates the great contribution of Japanese cardiologists and the Japanese Circulation Society. This report briefly introduces the key presentations and highlights from the ESC 2016 Scientific Sessions.
著者
Daisuke Nakamura Keisuke Yasumura Hitoshi Nakamura Yutaka Matsuhiro Koji Yasumoto Akihiro Tanaka Yasuharu Matsunaga-Lee Masamichi Yano Masaki Yamato Yasuyuki Egami Ryu Shutta Yasushi Sakata Jun Tanouchi Masami Nishino
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.2, pp.313-319, 2019-01-25 (Released:2019-01-25)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
2 2

Background: There are few reports about the differences between drug-eluting stents (DES) and bare metal stents (BMS) in neoatherosclerosis associated with in-stent restenosis (ISR), so we compared the frequency and characteristics of neoatherosclerosis with ISR evaluated by optical coherence tomography (OCT) in the present study. Methods and Results: Between March 2009 and November 2016, 98 consecutive patients with ISR who underwent diagnostic OCT were enrolled: 34 patients had a BMS, 34 had a 1st-generation DES, and 30 had a 2nd-generation DES. Neoatherosclerosis was defined as a lipid neointima (including a thin-cap fibroatheroma [TCFA] neointima, defined as a fibroatheroma with a fibrous cap <65 µm) or calcified neointima. As a result, lipid neointima, TCFA neointima and calcified neointima were detected in 39.8%, 14.3%, and 5.1%, respectively, of all patients. The frequency of neoatherosclerosis was significantly greater with DES than BMS (48.4% vs. 23.5%, P=0.018). The minimum fibrous cap thickness was significantly thicker with DES than BMS (110.3±41.1 µm vs. 62.5±17.1 µm, P<0.001). In addition, longitudinal extension of neoatherosclerosis in the stented segment was less with DES than BMS (20.2±15.1% vs. 71.8±27.1%, respectively, P=0.001). Conclusions: OCT imaging demonstrated that neoatherosclerosis with ISR was more frequent with DES than BMS and its pattern exhibited a more focal and thick fibrous cap as compared with BMS.
著者
Masaki Tsuda Isamu Mizote Yasuhiro Ichibori Takashi Mukai Koichi Maeda Toshinari Onishi Toru Kuratani Yoshiki Sawa Yasushi Sakata
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.3, pp.142-148, 2019-03-08 (Released:2019-03-08)
参考文献数
29

Background: The outcome of redo transcatheter aortic valve (TAV) implantation (TAVI) is unknown for TAV structural valve degeneration (SVD). This paper reports the initial results of redo TAVI for TAV-SVD in Japanese patients. Methods and Results: Of 630 consecutive patients, 6 (1.0%) underwent redo TAVI for TAV-SVD (689–1,932 days after the first TAVI). The first TAV were 23-mm balloon-expandable valves (BEV, n=5) and a 26-mm self-expandable valve (SEV, n=1). All patients underwent multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) before redo TAVI, which showed first-TAV under-expansion (range, 19.1–21.0 mm) compared with the label size. Two BEV and 4 SEV were successfully implanted as second TAV, without moderate/severe regurgitation or 30-day mortality. One of 2 patients with a BEV-inside-BEV implantation had a high transvalvular mean pressure gradient post-procedurally (34 mmHg) and required surgical valve replacement 248 days after the redo TAVI. This, however, was unnoted in patients with SEV implantation during redo TAVI. Planned coronary artery bypass grafting was concomitantly performed in 1 patient with a small sino-tubular junction and SEV-inside-SEV implantation because of the risk of coronary malperfusion caused by the first TAV leaflets. Five of the 6 patients survived during the follow-up period (range, 285–1,503 days). Conclusions: Redo TAVI for TAV-SVD appears safe and feasible, while specific strategies based on MDCT and device selection seem important for better outcomes.
著者
Themistoklis Katsimichas Tomohito Ohtani Daisuke Motooka Yasumasa Tsukamoto Hidetaka Kioka Kei Nakamoto Shozo Konishi Misato Chimura Kaoruko Sengoku Hiroshi Miyawaki Taiki Sakaguchi Ryu Okumura Konstantinos Theofilis Tetsuya Iida Kiyoshi Takeda Shota Nakamura Yasushi Sakata
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-17-1285, (Released:2018-03-30)
参考文献数
36
被引用文献数
7

Background:Research suggests that heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is a state of systemic inflammation that may be triggered by microbial products passing into the bloodstream through a compromised intestinal barrier. However, whether the intestinal microbiota exhibits dysbiosis in HFrEF patients is largely unknown.Methods and Results:Twenty eight non-ischemic HFrEF patients and 19 healthy controls were assessed by 16S rRNA analysis of bacterial DNA extracted from stool samples. After processing of sequencing data, bacteria were taxonomically classified, diversity indices were used to examine microbial ecology, and relative abundances of common core genera were compared between groups. Furthermore, we predicted gene carriage for bacterial metabolic pathways and inferred microbial interaction networks on multiple taxonomic levels.Bacterial communities of both groups were dominated by the Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes phyla. The most abundant genus in both groups wasBacteroides. Although α diversity did not differ between groups, ordination by β diversity metrics revealed a separation of the groups across components of variation.StreptococcusandVeillonellawere enriched in the common core microbiota of patients, whileSMB53was depleted. Gene families in amino acid, carbohydrate, vitamin, and xenobiotic metabolism showed significant differences between groups. Interaction networks revealed a higher degree of correlations between bacteria in patients.Conclusions:Non-ischemic HFrEF patients exhibited multidimensional differences in intestinal microbial communities compared with healthy subjects.
著者
Hiroyuki Tsutsui Shin-ichi Momomura Akira Yamashina Hiroaki Shimokawa Yasuki Kihara Yoshihiko Saito Nobuhisa Hagiwara Hiroshi Ito Masafumi Yano Kazuhiro Yamamoto Junya Ako Takayuki Inomata Yasushi Sakata Takashi Tanaka Yasushi Kawasaki on behalf of the J-SHIFT Study Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-19-0227, (Released:2019-08-08)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
1

Background:Increased heart rate (HR) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular outcomes in chronic heart failure (HF). Ivabradine, anIfinhibitor, improved outcomes in patients with HF and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) in the SHIFT study. We evaluated its efficacy and safety in Japanese HFrEF patients in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III study: the J-SHIFT study. The main objective was to confirm a hazard ratio of <1 in the primary composite endpoint of cardiovascular death or hospital admission for worsening HF.Methods and Results:Patients with NYHA functional class II–IV, left ventricular EF ≤35%, and resting HR ≥75 beats/min in sinus rhythm under optimal medical therapy received ivabradine (n=127) or placebo (n=127). Mean reduction in resting HR was significantly greater in the ivabradine group (15.2 vs. 6.1 beats/min, P<0.0001). However, symptomatic bradycardia did not occur. A total of 26 (20.5%) patients in the ivabradine group and 37 (29.1%) patients in the placebo group had the primary endpoint event (hazard ratio 0.67, 95% CI 0.40–1.11, P=0.1179) during median follow-up of 589 days. Mild phosphenes were reported in 8 (6.3%) patients in the ivabradine group and 4 (3.1%) patients in the placebo group (P=0.3760).Conclusions:The J-SHIFT study supported the efficacy and safety of ivabradine for Japanese HFrEF patients, in accord with the SHIFT study.
著者
Takashi Kuragaichi Yuma Kurozumi Shogo Ohishi Yasuo Sugano Akihiro Sakashita Norihiko Kotooka Makoto Suzuki Taiki Higo Dai Yumino Yasuko Takada Seiko Maeda Saori Yamabe Koichi Washida Tomonori Takahashi Tomohito Ohtani Yasushi Sakata Yukihito Sato
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.82, no.5, pp.1336-1343, 2018-04-25 (Released:2018-04-25)
参考文献数
45
被引用文献数
3

Background:Palliative care for heart failure (HF) patients is recommended in Western guidelines, so this study aimed to clarify the current status of palliative care for HF patients in Japan.Methods and Results:A survey was sent to all Japanese Circulation Society-authorized cardiology training hospitals (n=1,004) in August 2016. A total of 544 institutions (54%) returned the questionnaire. Of them, 527 (98%) answered that palliative care is necessary for patients with HF. A total of 227 (42%) institutions held a palliative care conference for patients with HF, and 79% of the institutions had <10 cases per year. Drug therapy as palliative care was administered at 403 (76%) institutions; morphine (87%) was most frequently used. Among sedatives, dexmedetomidine (33%) was administered more often than midazolam (29%) or propofol (20%). Regarding the timing of end-of-life care, most institutions (84%) reported having considered palliative care when a patient reached the terminal stage of HF. Most frequently, the reason for the decision at the terminal stage was “difficulty in discontinuing cardiotonics.” A major impediment to the delivery of palliative care was “difficulty predicting an accurate prognosis.”Conclusions:This large-scale survey showed the characteristics of palliative care for HF in Japan. The present findings may aid in the development of effective end-of-life care systems.
著者
Shigeru Miyagawa Kyongsun Pak Shungo Hikoso Tomohito Ohtani Eisuke Amiya Yasushi Sakata Shinichiro Ueda Masahiro Takeuchi Issei Komuro Yoshiki Sawa
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.1, pp.29-34, 2019-01-10 (Released:2019-01-10)
参考文献数
20

Background: Accurate prognosis for heart failure (HF) survival is important for quality of life, treatment decisions, and early evaluation of new therapies and devices. Here, we developed a multivariate risk model for predicting survival in Japanese patients with HF, using parameters that are readily observable in a clinical setting. Methods and Results: We analyzed data for 1,214 adults with HF (EF <35%). Of 424 available clinical baseline factors in the derivation dataset, 17 candidate predictors were identified on Cox proportional hazards regression. These predictors were assessed for clinical relevance and tested in candidate models using cross-validated 5-year C-statistics. This process yielded a set of 14 covariates with good accuracy for predicting actual 5-year survival: age; LVEF; albumin; BMI; Hb; sodium; history of renal dysfunction, diabetes, or chronic dialysis; times HF recurred or required readmission to the hospital; use of cardiac drip, thiazide diuretic, or per oral inotropic agent; and loop diuretic dosage. These 14 variables were used to establish the Japan Heart Failure Model (JHFM) for predicting survival in patients with HF. When applied to an independent validation dataset, the results from the JHFM were closer to actual survival than those of the Seattle Heart Failure Model. Conclusions: JHFM predictions for 5-year survival had good accuracy for Japanese patients with HF. The JHFM uses parameters that can be measured at any hospital.
著者
Nobuaki Tanaka Koichi Inoue Koji Tanaka Yuko Toyoshima Takafumi Oka Masato Okada Hiroyuki Inoue Ryo Nakamaru Yasushi Koyama Atsunori Okamura Katsuomi Iwakura Yasushi Sakata Kenshi Fujii
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.11, pp.1596-1602, 2017-10-25 (Released:2017-10-25)
参考文献数
21
被引用文献数
2 9

Background:Durable pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is critical in reducing recurrence after radiofrequency catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF). The VISITAG Module, an automatic annotation system that takes account of catheter stability and contact force (CF), might be useful in accomplishing this.Methods and Results:In 49 patients undergoing VISITAG-guided AF ablation (group A), we set the following automatic annotation criteria: catheter stability range of motion ≤1.5 mm, duration ≥5 s, CF ≥5 g, time ≥25% and tag diameter at 6 mm. We used ablation >20 s and force-time integral >150 gs at each site, then moved to the next site where a new tag appeared that overlapped with the former tag. Results and outcome were retrospectively compared for 42 consecutive patients undergoing CF-guided AF ablation without this algorithm (group B). Successful PVI at completion of the initial anatomical line was more frequent in group A than B (66.3% vs. 36.9%, P=0.0006) while spontaneous PV reconnection was less frequent (14.2% vs. 30.9%, P=0.0014) and procedure time was shorter (138±35 min vs. 180±44 min, P<0.001). One-year success rate off anti-arrhythmic drugs was higher in group A (91.8% vs. 69.1%, log rank P=0.0058).Conclusions:An automated annotation algorithm with an optimal setting reduced acute resumption of left atrium-PV conduction, shortened procedure time, and improved AF ablation outcome.
著者
Taku Sakai Atsuhiko T. Naito Yuki Kuramoto Masamichi Ito Katsuki Okada Tomoaki Higo Akito Nakagawa Masato Shibamoto Toshihiro Yamaguchi Tomokazu Sumida Seitaro Nomura Akihiro Umezawa Shigeru Miyagawa Yoshiki Sawa Hiroyuki Morita Jong-Kook Lee Ichiro Shiojima Yasushi Sakata Issei Komuro
出版者
International Heart Journal Association
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.17-730, (Released:2018-08-11)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
2

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a genetic disorder that is characterized by hypertrophy of the myocardium. Some of the patients are diagnosed for HCM during infancy, and the prognosis of infantile HCM is worse than general HCM. Nevertheless, pathophysiology of infantile HCM is less investigated and remains largely unknown. In the present study, we generated induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from two patients with infantile HCM: one with Noonan syndrome and the other with idiopathic HCM. We found that iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CMs) from idiopathic HCM patient were significantly larger and showed higher diastolic intracellular calcium concentration compared with the iPSC-CMs from healthy subject. Unlike iPSC-CMs from the adult/adolescent HCM patient, arrhythmia was not observed as a disease-related phenotype in iPSC-CMs from idiopathic infantile HCM patient. Phenotypic screening revealed that Pyr3, a transient receptor potential channel 3 channel inhibitor, decreased both the cell size and diastolic intracellular calcium concentration in iPSC-CMs from both Noonan syndrome and idiopathic infantile HCM patients, suggesting that the target of Pyr3 may play a role in the pathogenesis of infantile HCM, regardless of the etiology. Further research may unveil the possibility of Pyr3 or its derivatives in the treatment of infantile HCM.