著者
Yoshitaka ISHIKAWA
出版者
The Association of Japanese Geographers
雑誌
地理学評論 (ISSN:13479555)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.5, pp.247-261, 2008-05-31 (Released:2010-03-12)
参考文献数
103
被引用文献数
2 2

This paper reviews the existing literature on Japanese population geography since 2000 by major population topics, including projection, birth/death, migration, distribution, and household/marriage. Among these themes, migration studies (in particular, internal migration) still occupy a considerable proportion. The increase of GIS-based investigations is worthy of attention. Concerning the contribution of Japanese population geography as a whole, the following two things can be demonstrated. First, some Japanese population geographers have published major works in prestigious English foreign journals and have eagerly pursued international comparisons or joint studies with foreign researchers. Second, much of the research presumably deals with the manifold empirical aspects of the geographical impacts of Japan's population decline. Finally, a few problems concerning the existing literature are also mentioned.
著者
Anthony J. FIELDING Yoshitaka ISHIKAWA
出版者
The Association of Japanese Geographers
雑誌
地理学評論 (ISSN:13479555)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.76, no.12, pp.882-893, 2003-10-01 (Released:2008-12-25)
参考文献数
36

This paper explores the relationship between migration and the life course in Japan. It does so by analysing a matrix of correlation coefficients where each coefficient measures the relationship between a set of age-specific net internal migration rates by prefecture (for example, for people aged 24-29), and a set of age structure location quotients by prefecture (for example, for people aged 60-64) (the location quotient measures the ratio of the local % in a particular age-group to the national % for the same age-group). An extremely distinctive pattern of correlation emerges. This is analysed both on its own terms, and through a comparison with the equivalent pattern for Britain (England, Wales and Scotland). Surprising differences are discovered and interpreted.
著者
Keiji YANO Tomoki NAKAYA Yoshitaka ISHIKAWA
出版者
The Association of Japanese Geographers
雑誌
Geographical review of Japan, Series B (ISSN:02896001)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.2, pp.165-177, 2000-12-01 (Released:2008-12-25)
参考文献数
21
被引用文献数
6 7

The purpose of this paper is to carefully examine the spatial pattern of human migration during the second half of the 1980s, by using geographical information system (GIS) and spatial interaction models (SIMs). It should be noted that this paper is based on the full data set of the inter-municipal migration extracted from the 1990 population census of Japan. This paper firstly uses GIS to provide the features of the Japanese migration system based on municipality units. As a result, the two major migration patterns in the late 1980s are observed; influx of population to the Keihin metropolitan area from non-metropolitan areas, and to prefectural capital cities from other cities of the same prefecture. Next, Fotheringham's competing destinations models are also applied to the inter-municipal migration flows. It is found that the spatial distribution of accessibility parameter estimates has a significantly contrastive pattern: the estimates of the origins in the non-metropolitan areas are positive and show the agglomeration effect in migration process, while the ones in the metropolitan areas are negative and show the competing effect. These results suggest that accessibility parameter estimates reflect not only the spatial configuration of origins and destinations, but also the preference of migrants for the large metropolitan areas reflecting the Japanese core-periphery structure and the business cycle in the boom period of the late 1980s.