- JunCture : 超域的日本文化研究 (ISSN:18844766)
- vol.11, pp.46-57, 2020-03-26
Food, gender, and household budgeting were intimately linked in postwar Japan, and this is most evident in kakeibo, women’s personal household account books. This article argues that our understandings of the transformation in Japanese cuisine and nutrition that took place in the late 1950s and early 1960s are incomplete without the perspective of women home cooks who kept kakeibo, as household budgeting was an important step in meal planning and food shopping. This study examines the kakeibo of Yokohama-based housewife activist, Nakamura Kimiko, paying special attention to both the ways kakeibo publishers structured the lay out of the kakeibo Nakamura used and the ways she filled them out to understand how home cooks planned meals. Articles from women’s magazines, including Shufu no tomo and Fujin no tomo are incorporated to demonstrate the ways they emphasized the connection between kakeibo and home cooking, or “balanced budget, balanced diet.” Overall, by examining kakeibo, the study found that by 1965, women home cooks had figured out how to consolidate a flood of postwar culinary changes—including new nutritional knowledge—within Japan’s traditional meal structure. The article concludes that kakeibo provide a historical narrative of culinary change from the perspective of women consumers and home cooks.