- 東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
- vol.44, pp.59-64, 2005-03-10
David Hume (1711-1776), a philosopher of Scotland in 18 th century, treats 'education'concerned with the artificial virtues in his moral theory, especially in his most important work A Treatise of Human Nature (1739-1740). But his theory about 'education'has been neglected, as compared with other conceptions. In this paper, the writer has attempted to clarify Hume's moral theory concentrating on his treatise of 'education'. Hume divides the virtues into two, the natural virtues and the artificial virtues. He treats justice as one of the main artificial virtues and insists it is to be created not only by the human conventions but also by 'education'. As same as justice, other artificial virtues like chastity and modesty are formed mainly by 'education'. 'Education'occupies a quite important position in his theory as the principle that produces the artificial virtues.