- 国立歴史民俗博物館研究報告 = Bulletin of the National Museum of Japanese History (ISSN:02867400)
- vol.34, pp.69-85, 1991-03-30
This thesis describes field work by Shinobu Orikuchi, who, together with Kunio Yanagita, led the folkloric studies at their embryonic stage in Japan.Shinobu Orikuchi, 1887-1953, was a renowned writer, a scholar of classical literature as well as a folklorist. Unlike Kunio Yanagita who concentrated on folkloric studies and did not publish may literary works of his own, Orikuchi remained as a writer, a scholar of classical literature as well as a folklorist with his concern equally divided among the three roles. This thesis tries to make clear the relationship between Orikuchi's position with multiple roles and his field work. Orikuchi tried to make his observation of the modern folkloric practices in the context of “classical logic” extracted from his knowledge of “classical literature” and perceive “classicality” of the people. For example, in his observation of Oni performance in the folkloric performing arts called “Hana-matsuri” in Toyone-mura or Toh-ei-cho, Kita-shidaragun, Aichi prefecture, he perceived it to have originated in the performance by “Yamabito” for blessing the arrival of spring. Orikuchi came to this conclusion through his studies of “classical literature”, without the knowledge of which it is impossible for anyone to conclude that the Oni performance originates in Yamabito blessing performance. The field work of this sort made by Orikuchi in relation with studies of classical literature signifies reconfirmation of “classical literature” through “folkloric practices”. Therefore, Orikuchi's field observation can be considered as on having a characteristic of looking at “folkloric practices” in the light of “classical literature”. Being based on this kind of field observation by Orikuchi, it is easy to understand why Orikuchi defind “folkloric practices” as “classical literature in modern life”. Field works meant for Orikuchi works of connecting “classical literature” with “classical literature in modern life”.