著者
森 ます美 Masumi Mori 昭和女子大学生活機構研究科
出版者
昭和女子大学女性文化研究所
雑誌
昭和女子大学女性文化研究所紀要 = Bulletin of the Institute of Women's Culture, Showa Women's University (ISSN:09160957)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.41, pp.12-29, 2014-03-31

The wage increase is the inevitable issues to expanding domestic demand for Japan which is faced with the challenge of overcoming deflation. In this situation, since the 2000s, the measuring standard/minimum cost of living has attracted attention for wage increase policy. National trade union centers and researchers measured them. This paper compares four standard/minimum cost of living. Our findings are as follows. The difference in level is large to say the standard/minimum cost of living. Then, to enhance the effectiveness of measuring standard/minimum cost of living for the wage increase policy, the more research on the standard of living and wages being guaranteed to the workers is required.
著者
森 ます美 Masumi Mori
雑誌
昭和女子大学女性文化研究所紀要 = Bulletin of the Institute of Women's Culture, Showa Women's University (ISSN:09160957)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.41, pp.12-29, 2014-03-31

The wage increase is the inevitable issues to expanding domestic demand for Japan which is faced with the challenge of overcoming deflation. In this situation, since the 2000s, the measuring standard/minimum cost of living has attracted attention for wage increase policy. National trade union centers and researchers measured them. This paper compares four standard/minimum cost of living. Our findings are as follows. The difference in level is large to say the standard/minimum cost of living. Then, to enhance the effectiveness of measuring standard/minimum cost of living for the wage increase policy, the more research on the standard of living and wages being guaranteed to the workers is required.
著者
Barcus Faith Nobuko
出版者
昭和女子大学女性文化研究所
雑誌
昭和女子大学女性文化研究所紀要 = Bulletin of the Institute of Women's Culture, Showa Women's University (ISSN:09160957)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, pp.97-111, 2007-03-31

Ikuko Araki, in the 1913 photo with the members of Seito-sha, a newly organized feminist group, looks like an innocent little dreamy-eyed girl. She is my aunt, and the elder sister of my father Toichiro Araki. How did this sweet and innocent looking woman come to be labeled in the Japanese news media as a "notorious" playgirl, and wanton woman who defied convention? And how did it happen that years later she was referred to as the magnanimous Kohkuh Bokan (aircraft carrier) that reached out to so many?
著者
島崎 里子 Satoko Shimazaki 昭和女子大学文学研究科
出版者
昭和女子大学女性文化研究所
雑誌
昭和女子大学女性文化研究所紀要 = Bulletin of the Institute of Women's Culture, Showa Women's University (ISSN:09160957)
巻号頁・発行日
no.43, pp.1-25, 2016-03-31

AElfric (c.955-c.1010) composed Lives of Saints at the request of AEthelweard and AEthelmæ, who were known as strong supporters of Benedictine Reform in the 10th century England. In the Lives, he dealt with "married saints" as well as church men, kings, soldiers and female virgin martyrs in order to strengthen Christian faith among monks and keen lay audience as his patrons. AElfric's concern about married saints, who preserve virginity in marriage, is unique because no other contemporary authors such as Wulfstan treated this sensitive issue, which could disturb the boundary between secular and sacred lives and give rise to religious disputes.Latin Lives originally came from the continent to England and it had been received by English authors such as Aldhelm in the 7th century, Bede in the 8th century and anonymous authors of Old English Martyrology in the 9th century. In the process of transmission, the original texts, including married saints, had been changed consciously or unconsciously by the authors, which are expected to reflect authors' intentions. This paper provides deplomatic texts of three couples of married saints (Julian and Basilissa, Cecilia and Valerian and Chrythansus and Daria) in AElfric's Lives of Saints on the basis of the early eleventh century English manuscript (Cotton Julius E Vii), comparing with the former two editions, Skeat (1898-1900) and Upchurch (2007), so that they could allow us for close examination of AElfric's treatment of these saints.