- The Japanese Society of Nutrition and Dietetics
- 栄養学雑誌 (ISSN:00215147)
- vol.60, no.3, pp.119-129, 2002-06-01 (Released:2010-02-09)
A review is presented of the recent results mainly obtained by author's studies on the texture, taste and odor of chicken, pork and beef. An organoleptic study revealed that the texture of beef was very similar to that of pork but quite different from that of chicken. The meat-like taste and umami of soup were most intensive with chicken and weakest with beef, the umami of the soup being attributable to glutamic acid and 5'-inosine monophosphate. The organoleptic test panel was unable to identify chicken, pork and beef soups by their tastes, possibly due to the fact that the free amino acid pattern of each soup was similar with these three types of meat. On the other hand, the organoleptic test panel could readily identify chicken, pork and beef by their odor. The meat of Nagoya Cochin chicken was shown to have a unique odor of the meat of aigamo (a crossbreed of domestic and wild ducks). There was no difference in the odor character among the meat from three types of pig, including Kagoshima Berkshire. Wagyu beef from Japanese Black Cattle was found to have a preferable aroma (Wagyu beef aroma) which was sweet and fatty. This Wagyu beef aroma was concluded to be the main reason why the Japanese prefer Wagyu beef to imported beef. The Wagyu beef aroma was generated through unknown reactions between lean meat, fat and oxygen and the subsequent heating process.