- 科学哲学 (ISSN:02893428)
- vol.36, no.1, pp.95-106, 2003-07-25 (Released:2009-05-29)
How do we refer to individuals? In this paper, in the first, I will make clear what "meaning" is. Then, I will argue that a kind of proper noun has no meaning, with the result that we will reach the following question: Why can we refer to individuals by proper nouns without meaning? In the end, I will put forward a theory of direct reference.