- マス・コミュニケーション研究 (ISSN:13411306)
- vol.92, pp.183-202, 2018-01-31 (Released:2018-05-10)
Our task here is to analyse the remarks of Iwasaki Akira( 1903-81), a filmcritic, as a case study of the historical investigations into the problem of howthe images of ‘mass’ were formed and what role aspects of media like filmsplayed in the course of formation of mass society in Japan. In Chapter 1, we point out that Iwasaki was a person who had been workingon the ‘mass’ problems throughout his life, who had also been regarded as aman of resistance from wartime to the period of occupation. In Chapter 2, we analyse Iwasaki’s pre-war view of ‘mass’ and made itclear that he recognized mass as a target capable of enlightenment for socialreform. Chapter 3 throws light on the early post-war views of Iwasaki’s ‘mass’ andmade his sense of enlightened obligation clear. Section 1 of Chapter 4 treats Imamura Taihei’s critical comments on theproposals of Iwasaki to enlighten the ‘mass’, which can be seen as a transitionalview to the phrase ‘mass as the core’ by Tsurumi Shunsuke and MatsumotoToshio. In Section 2, we compare Tsurumi’s thought of the mass (neither passivenor monolithic) with Iwasaki’s pre-war sense of obligation towards massenlightenment. In Section 3, we make a comparison of Iwasaki with Matsumoto,who talked of the possibility of anti-establishment movement among mass society,and pointed out that Iwasaki saw negative inclinations towards Fascism in it. To conclude: Iwasaki never stopped talking about the ‘mass’, the images ofwhich were successively questioned and revised by succeeding generations ofpolemicists like Imamura, Tsurumi, Matsumoto. Iwasaki’s works thus performedshould be one of the factors in developing the image of the responsiblemass at the time of the advent of Japanese mass society.