- 一般社団法人 日本食育学会
- 日本食育学会誌 (ISSN:18824773)
- vol.12, no.2, pp.167-172, 2018-04-25 (Released:2019-05-10)
Rice as a staple food in school meals is recommended about 3.5 times per week, but it is reported that milk offered daily is inappropriate as a part of Japanese food culture. To that end, there are municipalities that are considering temporarily discontinuing However, it is unknown how the children who consume the milk feel. Furthermore, if we think that it is undesirable as a part of food culture, it is possible to give it as a drink outside lunch time. However, there have been limited researches to date on this question. Therefore, we conducted two studies to clarify the issue. In Study 1 we examined whether milk provided daily as part of the school lunch is liked by children and in Study 2 we tried to determine children’s opinions about when they preferred to drink milk. In Study 1, pictures of nine typical school lunches were incorporated into a questionnaire and children were asked to select one of five preferences (good, slightly better, neither, slightly bad, bad). Survey subjects were a total of 1947 children from 3rd to 6th grade in Tokyo (329 children), Niigata prefecture (632), and Fukuoka prefecture (986) who agreed to cooperate in the study. In study 2 we investigated the best time to drink milk for 415 children in Tokyo. For the 5 menus with rice as the staple food, 57% of the children rated them favorably (the sum of ‘good’ and ‘slightly good’) and 27% unfavorably (the sum of ‘slightly bad’ and ‘bad’). For the 4 menus without rice as the staple (noodles or bread), 61% rated them favorably and 24% unfavorably. The times at which children preferred to drink milk were 12 AM (52%), 8AM (16%), 3PM (13%), and 10AM (11%). Most of the children suggested that rice as a staple food and milk were not an inappropriate combination, and the most desirable time to drink milk was lunch time.