著者
鈴木 淳子
出版者
心理学評論刊行会
雑誌
心理学評論 (ISSN:03861058)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.60, no.1, pp.62-80, 2017 (Released:2018-07-20)
参考文献数
116
被引用文献数
2

Despite the increasing participation of women in the workforce and the establishment of laws prohibiting gender discrimination, it is not clear why gender inequality still persists in Japanese society. To address this question, this paper explains the mechanisms of the persistence of gender inequality from the perspective of work and family. First, the rapid changes in the Japanese society, laws, and economic structure over the past four decades are presented. Next, I review literature on the psychology and sociology of gender role attitudes and the longitudinal changes in these attitudes. In addition, seven gender disparities in the workplace (e.g., gender wage gap and proportion of women in managerial positions) are discussed in relation to family roles.The overall results reveal that the following five factors contribute to the persistence of gender inequalities: 1. division of labor by gender; 2. long working hours, employment systems, and employment practices; 3. gender role stereotypes and expectations; 4. inconsistent management practices between positive attitudes towards promoting women and traditional gender role attitudes; and 5. traditional gender role attitudes and gender identity of a woman as a wife.

言及状況

外部データベース (DOI)

Twitter (4 users, 4 posts, 0 favorites)

@AtsushiTanimoto 女子学生の大学院進学を妨げる主な原因は性別分業社会のシステムで、「だから女は大学院までいかなくていい」という論理になります。無料で読めるものには、「男女 学歴 不平等」検索で出てくる慶應大学社会学… https://t.co/HEVIXJD08S
現在のフェミニズムが目指している方向性は、まさに引用のツイートのとおり。トランス女性のカバーのみならず、すべての女性の社会的性役割からの解放である。https://t.co/nFX7OYAkis (pdf) https://t.co/g91EgbUiTD

収集済み URL リスト