- Meteorological Society of Japan
- SOLA (ISSN:13496476)
- vol.16, pp.109-114, 2020 (Released:2020-07-01)
This study examined the diurnal cycles of brightness temperature (TB) and upper-level horizontal winds associated with tropical cyclones (TCs) over the western North Pacific basin, making use of data retrieved from geostationary-satellite (Himawari-8) observations that exhibited unprecedented temporal and spatial resolutions. The results of a spectral analysis revealed that diurnal cycles prevail in TB variations over the outer regions of TCs (300-500 km from the storm center). The dominance of the diurnal cycle was also found in variations in the radial wind (Vr) in intensive TCs, although there was no dominant cycle in tangential wind variation. In addition, coherence spectra demonstrated that the diurnal cycles of TB and Vr are significantly coupled in intensive TCs. The migration speed of TB and Vr anomalies exceeded the time-mean Vr, and it was speculated that diurnal cycle signals propagate (i.e., are not advected) toward the outer regions of TCs.