- ソシオロジ (ISSN:05841380)
- vol.40, no.2, pp.97-113,170, 1995-05-31 (Released:2017-02-15)
An attempt is made to elucidate the structure and formation process of ethnicity that is defined by the attitude and behavior associated with an ethnic affiliation. Data are drawn from "The 1993 Research of Consciousness among Korean Youth in Japan," which is the first nationally representative sample of Korean residents to be conducted in this field. Result shows that (1) ethnicity can be divided into two dimensions of ethnic orientation; (2) one of the two orientations is based on emotional ties with the brotherly ethnic group (relation orientation) , (3) the other is based on instrumental behavior related to ethnic issues (instrumental orientation) ; (4) the relation orientation is mainly formed through contact with ethnic tradition in the family by inheritance; (5) the instrumental orientation is, for the most part, formed acquisitively by the education and the participation in the ethnic organization; and (6) there is no substantive effect of discrimination and inequality on the formation of ethnicity.