- 東京大学教育学部紀要 (ISSN:04957849)
- vol.30, pp.177-198, 1991-03-30
It is well known that expert teachers form and use elaborate practical knowledge and thinking styles in their teaching. This paper illuminates five expert teachers' and five novice teachers' practical thinking in on-line (thinking aloud) and off-line (writing report) monitoring. Through comparing the experts' thought processes with novices, our research comes to a conclusion that the practical thinking styles of expert teachers are characterized as the following five features: (1) impromptu thinking in teaching, (2) active, sensitive and deliberative involvement in an ill-structured situation, (3) multiple view points to probe and to detect a practical problem, (4) contextualized thinking in pedagogical reasoning, and (5) problem framing and reframing strategy in a context. The result offers several implications for rethinking the concept of teaching expertise.