- ソシオロジ (ISSN:05841380)
- vol.41, no.2, pp.37-53,138, 1996
The purpose of this paper is to argue how labeling and learning of a social agent are generated and function within the situation of interaction. The agents inevitably participate in the given communities in which diverse interactions occur, and every interaction is a kind of game including specific interest and honor rather than a mere interchange of symbols. We must acquire practical knowledge and skill in order to carry out the game.<br> To acquire the practical knowledge and skill is to acquire the matrix of activity and cognition that mediates between several action and social order. Every social activity has its specific function by which each agent is related to the broader social structure and its reproduction. More precisely, as J. Lave pointed out, through the process of participation in on-going collective practice in which a learner gradually becomes an expert, the specific modes of representation and activity are to be reproduced. Therefore we can place the process of learning in the very center of the process of reproduction of social order. Furthermore, labeling process is the most important factor on the process of learning and perticipation in a given community. Labeling functions as a "screening" and a phisical enviroment of learning.<br> I worked as a construction laborer for two months to observe practical learning and "how to become and live as a manual worker". I will examine the structure and distribution of work, the task and problem a worker must solve, the practical and flexible ways of instruction, and the process of labeling.