- 熊本大学社会文化研究 (ISSN:1348530X)
- vol.1, pp.207-224, 2003-03-31
In the sixteenth century as the last stage of medieval Japan, daimyo domains were built throughout the country. The border areas between the domains were called sakaime (境目) and the cause of dispute among the daimyo. They fought hard for the castles in sakaime. The neighboring local warriors (ryoshu) often played a role of arbitration when the daimyo concerned in the dispute started peace negotiations and settled the question of the title to the castles. The peasants (hyakusho) belonging to a village community in the sakaime, too, dealt with the dispute in a group and showed the autonomy to restore a peace. Toyotomi Hideyoshi could achieve the reestablishment of national unity (tenka-toitsu), taking a step of guarantee to keep the arrangements about sakaime, which were accomplished by the daimyo and village community peasants who pursued a peace in their area. In this article, the Toyohuku (豊後) region in Higio (肥後) province is analyzed as a typical case study of sakaime areas.