- 総合政策論叢 (ISSN:13463829)
- vol.8, pp.143-172, 2004-12
The purpose of this study is to deliberate the commitment of "place" to the birth and the appreciation of art works with special attention to the "site-specific art." "Site-specific" is a keyword which describes a trend of contemporary arts connected deeply with the place. Chapter I examines the basic relationships between contemporary art and society by noting an increasing power of individuals. Chapter II reveals the importance of the issue of "place" in art studies by referring to the rock-paintings in caves in prehistoric times and to the system of museum. Chapter III focuses upon the significance of the last masterpieces of Claude Monet, namely "Les salles des Nympheas au musee de l'Orangerie (The Rooms of Water Lilies in the Orangerie Museum), " from a new viewpoint of the "environmental art" that is one of the concepts of contemporary art. Chapter IV emphasizes the resurrection of "place" in the field of art, which is exemplified by five trends of "site-specific art" since 1960s, i.e. the "environmental art, " the "public art, " the "earth work, " the "installation, " and the "art project." In conclusion, this paper demonstrates the following three points. Firstly, art has a close connection with particular place intrinsically. "Site-specific" is, indeed, the keyword that expresses it. Secondly, it is indicated that the "art project" is the newest art expression that has integrated several trends of "site-specific art" since 1960s. On the other hand, some problems of the "art project" are also pointed out. Thirdly, the "site-specific art" has essentially the nature of "off-museum." It suggests that the system of museum has a serious influence upon art expressions.