著者
望月 要
出版者
三田哲學會
雑誌
哲学 (ISSN:05632099)
巻号頁・発行日
no.96, pp.p129-153, 1994-01

0. スケジュール誘導性行動1. ヒトのスケジュール誘導性行動 1.1. 攻撃行動 1.2. 飲食行動 1.3. 身体の動き・喫煙行動2. ヒトのSIB研究の特殊性 2.1. スケジュール・強化子の定義 2.2. スケジュール・パフォーマンス 2.3. ベースライン 2.4. IRIとSIB頻度の関係とSIBの時間分布3. ヒトのSIB研究の意義と今後の展望The intermittent presentation of food to a food deprived animal has been shown to result in the appearance of a class of behaviros collectively referred to as adjunctive behavior or schedule-induced behavior. Within the animal literature behaviors such as polydipsia, aggression, pica, excessive food consumption have been classified as schedule-induced. While schedule-induced behavior investigations have been extended to include the study of human subjects, the procedure and the way of data analysis in human studies have usually differed from those in animal studies. The schedule-induced studies in human are critically reviewed in this paper and following problems are pointed out. (1) Arbitrary definition of the operant behavior and the reinforcer in the human studies. (2) The lack of assessment for schedule performances. (3) The use of inappropriate control procedures to assess the baseline rate of behavior. (4) The relationship between the inter-reinforcement interval and the amount of schedule-induced behavior was not clear.

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