- 仏教大学総合研究所紀要 (ISSN:13405942)
- no.8, pp.25-44, 2001-03
The theme of this paper is to analyze the contribution of Sanetomi Sanjo (三条実美) towards the growth of political awareness and its subsequent utilization in his political campaign. Sanetsumu Sanjo (三条実万), Sanetomi's father, and Oribe Tomita (富田織部), a feudatory of his family, were his mentors. His growing involvement with political issues led him to interfer with the personal affairs of the Imperial Court, and to request dispatching a "tyokushi" (勅使) delegation to the Tokugawa Shogunate in Bunkyu 2 (1862). In September of Bunkyu 2 (1862), Sanetomi himself was appointed as tyokushi. As a result of this important appointment, his influence gradualry increased and he secured himself the right to speak in the "tyougi" ( 朝議 ) administration meetings. Sanetomi's infuluence was further boosted when he led a special mission requesting "zyoui"(攘夷) to the Tokugawa Shogunate. His involvement led the Imperial court nobles and state daimyos (大名) to recorgnise. Sanetomi as a leader of the "zyoui" campaign. As a result, his authority in Kyoto was entrenched and deepened by the support of the "Choshu-han Mouri family", as they themselves had vested interest in Sanetomi's influence and "zyoui" campaign. In August of Bunkyu 3 (1863), the Mouri family was expelled from the government. As a result, Sanetomi also decided to settle with the Mouri family in Yamaguchi thereby showing symbolicially his identification with Mauri family struggle for political justice. After the Meiji Restoration, Mouri family was given recognition and political justice for their efforts in the "zyoui" campaign. As a result, Sanetomi's contribution was also acknowledge and he was emerged as a radical politician of modern Japan.