- Japan Society of Family Sociology
- 家族社会学研究 (ISSN:0916328X)
- vol.1, no.1, pp.43-53, 1989
The paradigm of family change is that of a changing norm from the stem family to the conjugal family. Using the paradigm agreed on by most family sociologists, the stronger the stem family norm is, the weaker the conjugal family one.<BR>Before the end of World War II the Japanese would have internalized the "ie" norm, which is a variation of the stem family norm.<BR>In 1974 Tsuneo Yamane discussed the decisive role of compulsory education on the internalization of the family value system among the Japanese such as the one in the residential pattern of living with one's child in later life.<BR>In accordance with Yamane's hypothesis, our sample was divided into three categories : <BR>C<SUB>1</SUB>-those born before 1918;<BR>C<SUB>2</SUB>-those born from 1919-1940;<BR>C<SUB>3</SUB>-those born after 1941.<BR>The results of our analysis are as follows : <BR>C<SUB>1</SUB> have a conjugal family norm stronger than C<SUB>2</SUB> and C<SUB>3</SUB>, though C<SUB>1</SUB> is regarded as a generation which internalized the stem family norm intensely.<BR>Compared with C<SUB>1</SUB> or C<SUB>2</SUB>, C<SUB>3</SUB> have a tendency of more negative attitudes toward the conjugal family norm, though they received individualistic education under which the norm is internalized.<BR>These findings suggest a hypothesis that C<SUB>1</SUB> have internalized dual norms, which are composed of different dimensions in Japanese society.