- 横浜国立大学留学生センター教育研究論集 (ISSN:18810632)
- no.18, pp.53-74, 2011
The understanding of the learning subjects that is considered students should learn in an early stage has a basic consistency between teachers and teaching materials however no specific command of that has been given. In order to discover the command of learning subjects necessary for the early learners, this writing takes up the request expression of "~te kudasai" (please do~) and analyzes from two sides; the human relationship of the communicators such as hierarchy and the strength of the friendship, and the cost that the person who received the request needs to take, using the conversation written in elementary level Japanese textbook as the investigation object. As a result of the investigation, we found that it is important for the students in first half of the elementary level to be able to understand that "~te kudasai" has the "request" function and is used in situations when people ask requests. For the students in the second half of the elementary level, they need to be able to understand the "request" function in the word and be able to use it when they ask a small cost request. They also need to understand that the word is also often used as "order" and be able to differentiate this word from other requests words in different situation to not to be excuse to people, considering the hierarchical relationship and the size of cost.