- 福山市立女子短期大学研究教育公開センター年報 (ISSN:13485113)
- vol.6, pp.17-26, 2009
On this paper we introduce New Lanark in Scotland and the Mondoragon Corporation Cooperativa (MMC) in Spain as typical measure examples of revitalization plan for local communities by Social Enterprise.New Lanark is a village on the River Clyde, in South Lanarkshire, Scotland. It was founded in 1786,and there were cotton mills and housing for the mill workers. Robert Owen, who carried on his father-in-law's ownership, tried to improve the workers' conditions. He paid particular attention to the children working at the mills, and opened the first infant school in Britain in 1816.New Lanark became a successful business and an epitome of utopian socialism.The New Lanark mills operated until 1968. The New Lanark Conservation Trust was founded in 1975,and have been restored most of the buildings.UNESCO nominated the New Lanark as World Heritage Sites in Scotland in 2001.Now New Lanark has become a major tourist attraction.The Mondoragon Corporation Cooperativa (MMC) in Spain is consists of approximately 150 cooperatives and 20000 members. The MMC invented an ideal organizational system such as OPEN ADMISSION,DEMOCRATIC ORGANIZATION,SOVEREIGNTY OF LABOUR,PARTICIPATORY,MANAGEMENT,PAYMENT SOLIDALITY etc.Solving the problems of risk taking of capital and labor, capital financing, the MMC satisfies democratic conditions of an optimal cooperative.