著者
加納 三千子 藤井 輝明 西川 龍也
出版者
福山市立大学
雑誌
福山市立女子短期大学研究教育公開センター年報 (ISSN:13485113)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, pp.17-26, 2009

On this paper we introduce New Lanark in Scotland and the Mondoragon Corporation Cooperativa (MMC) in Spain as typical measure examples of revitalization plan for local communities by Social Enterprise.New Lanark is a village on the River Clyde, in South Lanarkshire, Scotland. It was founded in 1786,and there were cotton mills and housing for the mill workers. Robert Owen, who carried on his father-in-law's ownership, tried to improve the workers' conditions. He paid particular attention to the children working at the mills, and opened the first infant school in Britain in 1816.New Lanark became a successful business and an epitome of utopian socialism.The New Lanark mills operated until 1968. The New Lanark Conservation Trust was founded in 1975,and have been restored most of the buildings.UNESCO nominated the New Lanark as World Heritage Sites in Scotland in 2001.Now New Lanark has become a major tourist attraction.The Mondoragon Corporation Cooperativa (MMC) in Spain is consists of approximately 150 cooperatives and 20000 members. The MMC invented an ideal organizational system such as OPEN ADMISSION,DEMOCRATIC ORGANIZATION,SOVEREIGNTY OF LABOUR,PARTICIPATORY,MANAGEMENT,PAYMENT SOLIDALITY etc.Solving the problems of risk taking of capital and labor, capital financing, the MMC satisfies democratic conditions of an optimal cooperative.
著者
西川 龍也 藤井 輝明
出版者
福山市立大学
雑誌
福山市立女子短期大学研究教育公開センター年報 (ISSN:13485113)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, pp.43-48, 2005

This paper describes outline of the urbanizing process of modern Fukuyama. Fukuyama was born as a castle town at the beginning of the Edo era, but went to ruin by the decline of samurai class from the Meiji Restoration. By the construction of a network of railroads and the invitation of the regiment, vitality of Fukuyama had been regained gradually. At the bombsite by the Second World War the city authorities had widened the streets using land readjustment, and intend to make up CBD in the old castle town. In the 1960s the large-scale steel plant was developed at the seaside area. For the workers the residential area had been developed at the hilltop adjoining the factory. Factories, residences, and stores had sprawled anarchically over the alluvial plain between the old castle town and the hilltop residential area. Because there was land readjustment area and was convenient for the inhabitants living on hilltop to use the cars. Now the sprawled area has become the most vital part of the city. And the old CBD has been afflicted by inner-city problems.
著者
西川 龍也 藤井 輝明
出版者
福山市立大学
雑誌
福山市立女子短期大学研究教育公開センター年報 (ISSN:13485113)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, pp.69-74, 2006

This paper describes the changing process of modern Fukuyama townscape, using field surveys and computer graphics. In the Edo era, the castle town of Fukuyama had clear plan of townscape. But after the Meiji Restoration, the town went to ruin. The citizen saved the pavilions of the castle, but they made reclaimed land from the moat of castle and the canal for the city development at that time. After the Second World War the city authorities widened the streets using land readjustment at the bombsite. And the elevated railroad of the Shinkansen rose between the city area and the castle in the mid-1970s. Recently high-rise buildings, such as apartments and a hotel, rose near the castle. In order to create a beautiful townscape of Fukuyama, We should remember once city planning again.
著者
加納 三千子 安川 悦子 藤井 輝明 西川 龍也 平本 弘子 大庭 三枝 佐藤 俊郎 宮本 賢作
出版者
福山市立女子短期大学
雑誌
基盤研究(C)
巻号頁・発行日
2008 (Released:2008-04-01)

高齢者の生活の自立と労働をめぐる問題をコミュニティにおける生活の自立システムを構築するという観点から研究を行い、次のような成果が得られた。コミュニティにおける生活のサステナビリティの構築には、(1)多様な人と連帯できる労働の場の確保をめざした地域の自立が重要である。(2)持続的再生産可能な地域資源作りとそれを活かしたコミュニティの再生が重要である。(3)福山市ではその一つとして市街地農業の活性化が重要な役割を担っていると考えられる。