著者
堀内 一史
出版者
麗澤大学
雑誌
麗沢学際ジャ-ナル (ISSN:09196714)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, no.1, pp.21-45, 2008

White evangelical Christians, consisting of 25% of the total voters of the United States of America, have been one of the major constituencies of the Republican Party since the 1980 presidential election which elected Ronald Reagan the 40th President of USA, marking the crescendo, so to speak, of the conservative movement within the Republican Party. The purpose of this paper is as follows: Firstly, to identify some religious factors which made it possible for President George W. Bush to be reelected in the 2004 presidential race and which led to the Republican Party being defeated in the 2006 Mid-term Election. Secondly, to evaluate moral problems (e.g., same-sex marriage and abortion), as opposed to such foreign policy issues (e.g., the Iraq War and terrorism), and economic issues (e.g., unemployment}, as key factors that motivated white evangelical Christians to mobilize other voters in these major elections.
著者
堀内 一史
出版者
麗澤大学
雑誌
麗澤学際ジャーナル (ISSN:09196714)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.14, no.2, pp.49-65, 2006

American politics and society today cannot be fully understood without referring to the religio-political force known as the Religious Right. This religio-political movement organizes the mobilization of white conservative evangelical Christians, especially Christian Fundamentalists, who actively involve themselves in politics in order to protect and preserve the traditional values of American Protestantism. This paper aims to describe the historical process by which the Religious Right became involved in politics, the way in which its members translated their religious values into a political agenda, and finally the current situation which is the result of this process. In its historical analysis of the political formation of the Religious Right, the paper utilizes the last two of the Clyde Wilcox's four-period-division of the movement, which can be outlined as follows: the first period, in which fundamentalist groups criticized evolutionism and propagated creationism in the 1920s; the second, in which fundamentalist groups developed the anti-communist movement in the 1950s; the third, when fundamentalist groups, led by the Moral Majority, mobilized conservative evangelicals to vote for Ronald Reagan in the 1980s; and the fourth, which is characterized by the activities of the Christian Coalition, Focus on the Family and the Home-schooling Legal Defense Association, among others, in the 1990s.