著者
溝口 哲郎 齋藤 雅元
出版者
麗澤大学
雑誌
基盤研究(C)
巻号頁・発行日
2012-04-01

公職に携わる人々が私益のために職権を濫用する腐敗・汚職の問題は,資源配分に歪みをもたらす.本研究は,腐敗・汚職が国家・市場制度にもたらす影響の度合いを,①オークション理論,②不完全競争市場を想定した経済理論モデルを用いて分析した.本研究では①に関する研究に進捗があり,国際的な査読誌であるPacific Economic Reviewに2014年に掲載された.具体的には,官僚に裁量権があり賄賂の対価に再入札を認める場合に,非効率な企業が政府調達を勝ち取る可能性がある.その解決策として海外部門への輸出を導入することで,効率的な企業が高品質な商品を提供する状況になることを示した.
著者
ベネシュ オレグ
出版者
麗澤大学
雑誌
言語と文明 : 論集
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, pp.91-107, 2004-03-15

The supposed samurai code, or Bushido, was brought into the world in 1900 by Nitobe Inazo in his book of the same name. In Bushido, Nitobe attempted to create a unique Japanese ethical system that would be considered equal to Christianity. He, and other prewar scholars who followed him, formulated their ideology by taking certain exceptional historical incidents involving the samurai, which they then universalized by applying them to all samurai in all ages. The resultant ethical system had remarkably little connection with the actual warrior class which was eliminated in the wake of the Meiji Restoration, and placed far more emphasis on the virtues of loyalty, honor, and self-sacrifice than any of the historical samurai. Bushido, therefore, was one of many "invented traditions" that appeared in all parts of the world throughout the 19^<th> Century. Although Nitobe's original ideology focused more on the supposed ethical aspects of the samurai than the military, Bushido later became a useful tool for Japan's nationalistic and militaristic leadership, who used it to instill loyalty and obedience in both the imperial army and citizenship in general. Unlike many other invented traditions, however, Bushido is still thriving both in Japan and abroad, and has been adopted by Japanese industrialists, foreign economists, as well as writers and other artists. While the Japanese samurai class is not as unique as its mythical image seems to indicate, Bushido is not as singular as Nitobe desired it. It is, in fact, extremely similar to European chivalry in that both of these ideologies have a mythical attraction to great sections of society, despite the fact that neither has a firm basis in historical fact.
著者
野瀬 昌彦
出版者
麗澤大学
雑誌
麗沢大学紀要 (ISSN:02874202)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.87, pp.91-113, 2008-12

太平洋のメラネシア地域で話されるクレオールは,地域によりパプアニューギニアのトクピシン,バヌアツのビスラマ,そしてソロモン諸島のピジンがある.本稿では,現地調査を踏まえてトクピシンとビスラマ両言語の社会言語的立場からの研究可能性について考察を加えた.パプアニューギニアでトクピシンが村でも皆が多く話す傾向がある一方,バヌアツでは首都ポートビラではビスラマが話されるが,村ではオーストロネシア系現地語が話されていることが判明した.
著者
水谷 尚子
出版者
麗澤大学
雑誌
基盤研究(C)
巻号頁・発行日
2009

(1) 1950~70年代の在外ウイグル人亡命者に関する公文書調査の結果は、以下の通り。中国共産党との内戦に敗れ台湾に渡った中華民国政府は、(1)国連へ新疆を脱出したウイグル人亡命者保護を強く要請し、自らも相当な経済的援助を行っていた(2)ウイグル人在外亡命者組織と中華民国政府は「反共」(反中国共産党)というイデオロギー的結束で、1960年代までは深い繋がりを維持していた(3)蒋介石の死後、特に中華人民共和国が改革開放に舵を取ってからは、両者の往来が消失する、等、これまで知られていない中国国民党とウイグル人亡命者の結びつきが、台湾に於ける文献調査により明らかとなった。(2)中央アジアでの現地調査の成果は、以下の通り。(1)「カザフスタンのウイグル人」については既に幾つかの先行研究が存在するが、「キルギス共和国のウイグル人~そのコミュニティ、民族組織、ウイグル語メディア等~」について言及する論考は存在しなかった。本研究によって、キルギスのウイグル人社会の全容が明らかとなった。(2)「東トルキスタン共和国」時代に政府中枢に比較的近い部署にいて、その後、中央アジアに移住し、民族組織に関わってきた人々にインタビューすることができた。とりわけ、「東トルキスタン共和国」時代に政府公報に勤務し、漢語文献の翻訳やメディア工作に従事したムニール・イェルズィン氏へのインタビュー記録は、他に類例のない貴重なものである。
著者
清水 千弘
出版者
麗澤大学
巻号頁・発行日
2008-03-05

報告番号: 乙16923 ; 学位授与年月日: 2008-03-05 ; 学位の種別: 論文博士 ; 学位の種類: 博士(環境学) ; 学位記番号: 第16923号 ; 研究科・専攻: 新領域創成科学研究科
著者
川久保 剛
出版者
麗澤大学
雑誌
麗澤学際ジャーナル (ISSN:09196714)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, no.1, pp.1-14, 2011-03-10

This article examines what Tsuneari Fukuda was interested in in his youth,especially in his primary, lower secondary and high school time according to his new materials.Fukuda got a liberal education - what is called a Taishou liberal education- during his primary and lower secondary schools. In his high-school time, student movements were prevalent among his generation. However, Fukuda was not involved in those movements because his primary concern was drama. At that time, although leftist dramas were very popular, he was not interested in them. Rather, he was interested in dramas of art for arts sake. From this perspective,he sympathized with the theatrical company, Tsukijiza.Mr. Fukuda was also interested in literary criticism at that time. The prominent critic, Hideo Kobayashi's anthology of literary criticism brought Fukuda into this arena.
著者
川久保 剛
出版者
麗澤大学
雑誌
麗澤学際ジャーナル (ISSN:09196714)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, no.1, pp.1-21, 2008

This paper focuses on the ideas of Tsuneari Fukuda (Japanese thinker: 1912-1994) in the early 1940s [Showa 20 to 25].). Specific attention is given to Fukuda's thinking vis a vis the discussion of characteristics of the "new men" to be created in post-war Japan that was a popular theme within intellectual circles. Points of opposition between Fukuda's ideas and those expressed by "progressive intellectuals" of that era are elucidated. This paper is an attempt to place Fukuda's thinking within the history of ideas.
著者
大貫 啓行
出版者
麗澤大学
雑誌
麗澤学際ジャーナル (ISSN:09196714)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.14, no.2, pp.99-110, 2006
被引用文献数
1

Despite the failure of communist party rule in the Soviet block countries around 1990, the People's Republic of China has remained a socialist dictatorial country under the rule of the Chinese Communist Party. They have already started dealing in stocks and the market is very active generally. The Chinese at present seem to enjoy a capitalistic money oriented life. As far as money is concerned, they are as free as in capitalist countries. However, in the political field, they are strictry controlled. They have no right to vote and if they try to organize new parties, they are arrested immediately. There have been major changes in the quality of both the State and Society of the People's Republic of China. Focusing on several aspects of present Chinese society, I will try to identify the direction of the change. Following the series of analyses on personalities of Chinese leaders and the recent situations of China-Japan relation, part 6 covers both countries's antagonistic feeling exploded anti-Japan demonstration April 2005. The more economic progress, the wider difference in quality of life in every parts (rich v. poor, city v. country, coast v. inland}. Chinese society seems to have entered into really difficult stage.
著者
大橋 照枝
出版者
麗澤大学
雑誌
麗澤経済研究 (ISSN:09196706)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, no.1, pp.29-53, 2011-03-10

I The defects of GDP GDP:Gross Domestic Product adds as economic effects the expense of retrieval of environmental damage,traffic or auto accidents or even the cost of family breakdown which are inconsistent the welfare and happiness of people. On the contrary the women's housekeeping work that's indispensable for people's welfare but no payment is not counted to GDP.So,GDP was criticized by many people for the long time.First criticizer of GDP was Simon Kuznets(1901-1985).He was himself the developer of GNP:Gross National Product.In 1930s the Commerce Department of USA asked a young economist Mr.Simon Kuznets,to develop a uniform set of national accounts.He developed GNP in1932.Thse became the prototype for what we now call the GDP.But Kuznets knew well GNP is not the indicator of welfare.So he reported to Congress in 1934 and warned that GNP is not the indicator of welfare.In 1960s to 1970s, many people (politician, philosopher,sociologist and social reformer) criticized GDP. They are R.F.Kennedy(1968),Baudrillard(1970),Daniel Bell (1973),Hazel Henderson(1978),and Ralph Nader(1978)and so on. II Beyond GDP Recently,the movement of Beyond GDP occurred.And the Beyond GDP conference was held in 19&20 November 2007 in Brussels,organized by the European Commission,European Parliament,Club of Rome,OECD and WWF.They discussed the defects of GDP,but contents remained unchanged as the discussion in 60es and 70es. In 2008,French president Nicolas Sarkozy organized Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress(CMEPSP).CMEPSP was chaired by Professor Joseph E. Stiglitz,Columbia University,Professor Amartya Sen,Harvard University. Chair Adviser,and Professor Jean-Paul Fitoussi,Institut d' Etudes Politiques de Paris.Coodinator.And 21 other famous Economists in the world were the members.The report of CMEPSP was published in September 2009,But. it was not a single metric indicator taking the place of GDP. Stiglitz preferred a Dashboard more than a Single Metric. III Indicators Complementing and modifying GDP I)MEW:Measures of Economic Welfare Nordhaus,W.and Tobin,J.,1972, "Is Growth Obsolete?",Economic Growth,National Bureau of Economic Reserch,pp.1-80 II)NNW:Net National Welfare Keizaishingikai NNW Kaihatsuiinkai,1973, "Atarashii Fukushishihyo NNW",Japan. III)ISEW/GPI:Index of Sustainable Economic Welfare/Genuine Progress Indicator ・Herman E. Daly and John B. Cobb, Jr,1989,1994,for the common good,Beacon Press.・Redefining Progress,1999 ,the Genuine Progress Indecator.IV)SEEA :Handbook of National Accounting:Integlated System of Environmental and Economic Accounting United Nations 2004,Handbook of National Accounting :Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting,2003,Final draft Circulated for Information Prior to Official Editing V)HDI:Human Development Index Published every year from 1990 by UNDP. VI)HPI:Happy Planet Index Published by the New Economics Foundation U.K.,in 2006,2009. VII)HSM:Human Satisfaction Measure Terue Ohashi,2010,Democracy as the Indicator of Sustainability-From the research of "Questionnaire on Ideal Society Part2"in Japan and Sweden-,Reitaku International Journal of Economic Studies Vol.18,No.1,March 2010,pp.9-33 IV Conclusion Almost all indicators,complementing GDP do not deny the presence of GDP,even the Stigritz report.